ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Joachim Sabel and Jochen Zeller (2006). wh-Question Formation in Nguni.

URL: http://www.lingref.com/cpp/acal/35/paper1316.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3242&langcode=kin (2018-09-26).

 

Example #1:

    (7) a.     Umugore      jise    nde?
    woman         killed who
    'Who did   the woman kill?'
Example #2:

    b.   Ni-nde      umugore jíse ?
    FOC-who     woman kill
    'Who did   the woman kill?'
Example #3:

    (8) a. *Nde jise umunhu?
    who killed man
    'Who killed the man?'
Example #4:

    b. *Nde jis-we        na umunhu?
    who killed-PASS by man
    'Who was killed by the man?'
Example #5:

    (9) a.     Ni-nde u-íse         umunhu?
    FOC-who SP-killed man
    'Who killed the man?'
Example #6:

    b.   Ni-nde u-ís-we         na umunhu?
    FOC-who SP-kill-PASS by man
    'Who was killed by the man?'