The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Stephen Crain, Takuya Goro and Rosalind Thornton (2006). Language Acquisition is Language Change.

URL: http://www.maccs.mq.edu.au/~scrain/papers/LAisLC.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3268&langcode=ita (2020-08-08).


Example #1:

    (10)    a.      Che cosa ha fatto Gianni?
    What    has done Gianni
    `What did Gianni do?'
Example #2:

    b.      *Che cosa Gianni ha fatto?
    What      Gianni has done
    `What did Gianni do?'
Example #3:

    (11)    a.      Perché Gianni è venuto?
    Why Gianni has come
    `Why did Gianni come?'
Example #4:

    b.      Perché è venuto Gianni?
    Why has come Gianni
    `Why did Gianni come?'
Example #5:

    (12)   Perché quando va a Milano Gianni compra il panettone?
    Why when (he) goes to Milan Gianni buys the panettone
    `Why does Gianni buy panettone when he goes to Milan?'
Example #6:

    (13)    *Che cosa quando va a Milano compra Gianni?
    What     when (he) goes to Milan buys Gianni
    `What does Gianni buy when he goes to Milan?'
Example #7:

    (15)    *Che cosa A GIANNI         hanno detto (non a Piero)?
    What    TO GIANNI (they) have said (not to Piero)
    `What have they said TO GIANNI (and not to Piero)?'
Example #8:

    (16)    Il mio libro, perché, a Gianni, non glielo avete ancora dato?
    My book, why, to Gianni, not to-him-it (you) have still given
    `Why have you still not given my book to Gianni?'
Example #9:

    (17)    Perché Gianni ha detto che si dimetterà?
    Why Gianni has said that self will resign
    `Why did Gianni say that he will resign?'
Example #10:

    (18)    Perché ha     detto che si dimetterà?
    Why has (he) said that self will resign
    `Why did he say that he will resign?'