ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

PETER ACKEMA (2002). A morphological approach to the absence of expletive PRO.

URL: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/PUB/WPL/02papers/ackema.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3279&langcode=deu (2019-04-22).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    a. Es wurde gestern getanzt
    it was yesterday danced
    `There was dancing going on yesterday'
Example #2:

    b. Gestern wurde getanzt
    yesterday was danced
    `idem'
Example #3:

    c. Es ist möglich [dass getanzt wurde]
    it is possible that danced was
    `It is possible that people were dancing'
Example #4:

    (2)    Er sagte [dass ihm kalt war]
    he said that him-DAT cold was
    `He said he was cold'
Example #5:

    (3 )   a. *Es ist möglich [PROexpl getanzt zu werden]
    it is possible danced to be
    `It is possible that there is dancing'
Example #6:

    b. Es ist möglich [PROarb geliebt zu werden]
    it is possible loved to be
    `It is possible to be loved'
Example #7:

    (4)    *Es ist unangenehm [mir kalt zu sein]       (Tóth 2000:148)
    it is unpleasant me cold to be
    `It is unpleasant for me to be cold'
Example #8:

    (5)    a. *Es ist möglich [leicht zu regnen]
    it is possible lightly to rain
    `It is possible that there is a light drizzle'
Example #9:

    b. Es ist möglich [dass es leicht regnet]
    it is possible that it lightly rains
    `idem'
Example #10:

    (22) a. *Es ist möglich [getanzt zu werden]
    it is possible danced to be
    `It is possible that there is dancing'
Example #11:

    b. Es ist möglich [geliebt zu werden]
    it is possible loved to be
    `It is possible to be loved'
Example #12:

    (23) a. *Es ist möglich [leicht zu regnen]
    it is possible lightly to drizzle
    `It is possible that there is a light drizzle'
Example #13:

    b. Es regnete leicht [ohne zu schneien]
    it drizzled lightly without to snow
    `It drizzled lightly without snowing'
Example #14:

    (24) a. Es ist möglich [dass der Czardas getanzt wurde]
    it is possible that the Czardas danced was
    `It is possible that the Czardas was danced'
Example #15:

    b. Es ist möglich [dass getanzt wurde] (= (1c))
    it is possible that danced was
    `It is possible that there was dancing'