The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Derek Nurse (2006). Focus in Bantu.

URL: http://www.zas.gwz-berlin.de/papers/zaspil/articles/zp43/ZASPiL43_Nurse.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3302&langcode=vun (2019-08-20).


Example #1:

    c. Vunjo       ni kiki u-le-soma
    is what you-past-read
    `What did you read?'
Example #2:

    d. Vunjo  ngileona      kyelya        kilya ulekora
    I.saw         that          food you.cooked
    `I saw the food which you cooked.'