ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark de Vos (2004). 1.

URL: http://www.ru.ac.za/academic/departments/linguistics/Mark/Research_files/camling-handout.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3322&langcode=afr (2018-04-21).

 

Example #1:

    (4)      (a) Sy [gaan] vandag die boek lees
    she go       today the book read
    'She will read the book today'(Ponelis, 1993, 326)
Example #2:

    (b) Sy [gaan lees] vandag die boek
    She go       read today the book
    'She will read the book today'(Ponelis, 1993, 326)
Example #3:

    (6)       a. Jan [sit] en eet altyd        appels
    Jan sit and eat always apples
    'Jan always sits and eats apples'
Example #4:

    b. Wat [sit en eet] Jan altyd?
    What sit and eat Jan altyd
    'What does Jan always sit and eat'
Example #5:

    (7)       a. Jan [sit] altyd     appels en eet
    Jan sit always apples and eat
    'Jan always sits and eats apples'
Example #6:

    b. Wat [sit] Jan altyd       en eet?
    What sit Jan always and eat?
    'What does Jan always sit and eat'
Example #7:

    (8)       a. Jan [sit en jaag] nou die beeste weg
    Jan sit and chase now the cattle away.PRT
    'Jan is busy chasing away the cows'
Example #8:

    b. Wat [sit en jaag] Jan nou weg?
    What sit and chase Jan now away.PRT
    'What is John busy chasing away now?'
Example #9:

    (9)       a. Op dinsdag [beplan] Jan om           op vrydag appels te eet
    on Tuesday plan        Jan C.INF on Friday appels to eat
    `On Tuesday, Jan plans to eat apples on Friday'
Example #10:

    b. *Op dinsdag [sit en jaag] Jan liewer die beeste aan        op vrydag
    on   Tuesday sit and chase Jan rather the cattle on.PRT on Friday
    `On Tuesday, Jan would rather be herding cattle on Friday'
Example #11:

    (12) [Gaan lees] sy die boek?
    go       read she the book
    'Is she going to read the book?'
Example #12:

    (14)    a. . . . dat Jan die papiere weggooi
    . . . that Jan the papers away.PRT throw
    '. . . that Jan throws away the papers'
Example #13:

    b. Jan [gooi] die papiere weg              t g ooi
    Jan throw the papers away.PRT t
    'Jan throws the papers away'
Example #14:

    (15)    a. Hoekom [sit] sy hom die heeltyd             en aanstaar
    why     sit she him the whole time and on.PRT-stare
    `Why does she keep staring at him all the time?'
Example #15:

    (16)     a. Wat [sit] Jan liewer en aanjaag?
    What sit Jan rather and on.PRT-chase
    `What would Jan rather be herding?'
Example #16:

    (18)     a. Hoe lank [sit] Jan nou boeke en lees?
    How long sit Jan now books and read
    `How long does John sit and read books'
Example #17:

    (22)    a. . . . dat Jan met die plan (in)             [gaan (in)stem]
    . . . that Jan with the plan in.PRT go              in.PRT-agree
    '. . . that Jan is going to go along with the plan'
Example #18:

    b. . . . dat Jan met die plan (*in)          [sit en (in)stem]
    . . . that Jan with the plan in.PRT sit and in.PRT-agree
    '. . . that Jan goes along with the plan'
Example #19:

    (27)     a. Hy sal dan laat spaander na waar Charlie buite    wag
    he will then make tracks to where Charlie outside wait
    'He would then run away to where Charlie was waiting outside'2