ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jorge Hankamer & Vera Lee-Schoenfeld (2005). What Moves in German VP-Fronting?.

URL: http://people.ucsc.edu/~vls/Handouts/VP_handout_Berkeley1.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3336&langcode=deu (2019-06-25).

 

Example #1:

    a. [Einen Wagen geschenkt] hat der Millionär                               dem Studenten.
    a car (ACC)        given          has the millionaire (NOM) the student (            DAT)
    `What the millionaire did was give the student a car.'
Example #2:

    c. [Dem Hans ein Buch geschenkt] habe ich.
    the Hans (DAT) a book (ACC) given              have      I
    `What I did was give Hans a book.'
Example #3:

    c. [Ein verrückter Gedanke durch den Kopf geschossen] ist dem Opa                                       gestern.
    a crazy thought (NOM)           through the head             shot               is the grandpa (DAT) yesterday
    `A crazy thought came to grandpa yesterday.'
Example #4:

    c. *[Affen      gesessen] haben auf der Schaukel.
    monkeys (NOM) sat                    have   on   the seesaw
    `Monkeys sat on the seesaw.'
Example #5:

    b. *[Eine Mauer den Hof umgeben] hat hier früher.
    a wall (NOM)          the yard (ACC) surrounded has here before
    `A wall used to surround the yard here.'
Example #6:

    (6)   a. [Ein/??der Außenseiter gewonnen] hat hier noch nie.
    an/the outsider (NOM)        won                  has here yet           never
    `An outsider has never won here before.'
Example #7:

    b. [Linguisten gespeist] haben dort noch nie.
    linguists (NOM) dined      have       there yet      never
    `Linguists have never dined there before.'
Example #8:

    c. [Kinder gespielt] haben hier noch nie.
    children (NOM) played    have      here yet          never
    `Children have never played here before.'
Example #9:

    (7) a. [Das Telefon geklingelt] hat hier schon lange nicht mehr.
    the phone (NOM) rung            has here yet            long       not      anymore
    `The telephone hasn't been ringing here in a long time.'
Example #10:

    b. [Ein Hund gebellt] hat hier noch nie.
    a dog (NOM) barked      has here yet         never
    `A dog has never barked here before.'
Example #11:

    (13) [Ein Außenseiter gewonnen] hat hier noch nie.
    an outsider (NOM)            won           has here yet     never
    `An outsider has never won here before.'
Example #12:

    a. Der Präsident hat den HUND gestreichelt.
    the president (NOM) has the dog (ACC) petted
    `The president petted the DOG.'
Example #13:

    c. #Der PRÄSIDENT hat den Hund gestreichelt.
    the president (NOM) has the dog (ACC) petted
    `The PRESIDENT petted the dog.'
Example #14:

    e. Ein gutes MEDIKAMENT wurde ihr                          von diesem Arzt verschrieben.
    a good drug (NOM)                 was (PASS) her (DAT) by this doctor        prescribed
    `A good DRUG was prescribed for her by that doctor.'
Example #15:

    (16) a. *[Der verrückte Gedanke durch den Kopf geschossen] ist dem Opa                               gestern.
    the crazy thought (NOM)        through the   head    shot            is the grandpa (DAT) yesterday
    `The crazy thought came to grandpa yesterday.'
Example #16:

    b. *[Der Bello/Ein kleiner Hund herumgelaufen] ist gestern im Park.
    the Bello (NOM)/a little dog (NOM)        around-run            is    yesterday in-the park
    `Bello/A little dog ran around in the park yesterday.'
Example #17:

    b. [Dem Hans ein Buch geschenkt] habe ich.
    the Hans (DAT) a book (ACC) given                   have I
    `What I did was give Hans a book.'
Example #18:

    (19) a. [Kinder        gespielt] haben hier noch nie.
    children (NOM) played    have     here yet   never
    `Children have never played here before.'
Example #19:

    b. [Ein Hund gebellt] hat hier noch nie.
    a dog (NOM) barked      has here yet    never
    `A dog has never barked here before.'
Example #20:

    (20) a. [Der Mama geholfen] habe ich.
    the mom (DAT) helped       have   I
    `What I did was help mom.'
Example #21:

    b. [Der Mama das Auto zu Schrott gefahren] hat der Idiot.
    the mom (DAT) the car (ACC) to scrap    driven       has the idiot (NOM)
    `What the idiot did was total the car on mom.'
Example #22:

    #Ein Idiot hat der MAMA das Auto zu Schrott gefahren.
    an idiot (NOM) has the mom (DAT) the car (ACC) to scrap   driven
    `What the idiot did was total the car on MOM.'
Example #23:

    b. *[Dieser Fehler unterlaufen] ist ihrem Mann noch nie.
    this mistake (NOM) happened         is     her husband (DAT) never
    `It never happened that her husband made this mistake.'
Example #24:

    c. *[Die Außenseiter gewonnen] haben/hat hier noch nie.
    the outsiders (NOM)   won                have/has     here    never
    `It never happened before that the outsiders won.'
Example #25:

    d. *[Der Millionär           einem Studenten einen Wagen geschenkt] hat hier noch nie.
    the millionaire (NOM) a student (DAT)        a car (ACC)     given          has here never
    `It never happened here that the millionaire gave a student a car.'