ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jeffrey Lidz and Alexander Williams (2002). C-locality and the Interaction of Reflexives and Ditransitives.

URL: http://www.ling.umd.edu/~jlidz/LW_nels.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3341&langcode=kan (2019-06-26).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a.   Hari Rashmi-ge pustaka-vannu kalis-id-a
    Hari Rashmi-DAT book-ACC      send-PST-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to Rashmi.'
Example #2:

    b.   Hari Rashmi-ge pustaka-vannu kalisi-koTT-a
    Hari Rashmi-DAT book-ACC send-BEN.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to Rashmi.'
Example #3:

    (2) a.   Hari tann-age pustaka-vannu kalisi-koND-a
    Hari self-DAT book-ACC         send-VRM.PST-3   SM
    `Hari sent a book to himself.'
Example #4:

    (3) a.       Hari Rashmi-ge pustaka-vannu kalisi-(koTT)-a
    Hari Rashmi-DAT book-ACC send-(BEN.PST)-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to Rashmi.'
Example #5:

    b.      Hari pustaka-vannu Rashmi-ge kalisi-(koTT)-a
    Hari book-ACC       Rashmi-DAT send-(BEN.PST)-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to Rashmi.'
Example #6:

    (4) a.      Hari tann-age pustaka-vannu kalisi-koND-a
    Hari self-DAT book-ACC         send-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to himself.'
Example #7:

    (i)   % Hari bangalor-ige tann-annu kalisi-koND-a
    Hari Bangalore-DAT self-ACC send-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent himself to Bangalore.'
Example #8:

    (ii) % Hari tann-annu bangalor-ige kalisi-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC Bangalore-DAT send-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent himself to Bangalore.'
Example #9:

    (5)    a.      nannu rashmi-ge keek-annu suTT-u-koTT-e
    I     rashmi-DAT cake-ACC prepare-PP-BEN.PST-1S
    `I made rashmi a cake...'
Example #10:

    b. ?? adare ad-annu nann-a taayi-ge    koTT-e
    but it-ACC I-GEN mother-DAT give.PST-1S
    `...but I gave it to my mother.'
Example #11:

    (6)    a.      nannu rashmi-ge keek-annu suTT-e
    I     rashmi-DAT cake-ACC prepare.PST-1S
    `I made a cake for Rashmi...'
Example #12:

    (7)   a.    sampaadaka pratiyondu lekhana-vannu adar-a lekhan-ige kaLisida
    editor       every       article-ACC it-GEN author-DAT send-PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every article to its author.' (ACC > DAT)
Example #13:

    b.    sampaadaka adar-a lekhan-ige pratiyondu lekhana-vannu kaLis-id-a
    editor       it-GEN author-DAT every           article-ACC send-PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every article to its author.'    (DAT < ACC)
Example #14:

    (8)    a.      sampaadaka pratiyobba lekhan-ige avaL-a lekhana-vannu kaLis-id-a
    editor       every      author-dat she-GEN article-ACC    send-PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every author her article.'   (DAT > ACC)
Example #15:

    b. * sampaadaka avaLa lekhanavannu pratiyobba lekhanige kaLis-id-a
    editor       she-GEN article-ACC every      author-DAT send-PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every author her article.' (* ACC < DAT)
Example #16:

    (11) a.        sampaadaka pratiyondu lekhana-vannu adara lekhan-ige kaLis-i-koTT-a
    editor       every       article-ACC it-GEN author-DAT send-PP-BEN.PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every article to its author.' (ACC > DAT)
Example #17:

    b. * sampaadaka adar-a lekhan-ige pratiyondu lekhana-vannu kaLis-i-koTT-a
    editor       it-GEN author-DAT every          article-ACC send-PP-BEN.PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every article to its author.'     (* DAT < ACC)
Example #18:

    (12) a.        sampaadaka pratiyobba lekhan-ige avaL-a lekhana-vannu kaLis-i-koTT-a
    editor       every      author-DAT she-GEN article-ACC send-PP-BEN.PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every author her article.'  (DAT > ACC)
Example #19:

    b.      sampaadaka avaL-a lekhana-vannu pratiyobba lekhan-ige kaLis-i-koTT-a
    editor       she-GEN article-ACC every author-DAT send-PP-BEN.PST-3SM
    `The editor sent every author her article.' (ACC < DAT)
Example #20:

    (15)           Hari tann-age pustaka-vannu kalisi-koND-a
    Hari self-DAT book-ACC       send-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to himself.'
Example #21:

    (16)    a.      Rashmi tann-age keek-annu suTTu-koND-aLu
    Rashmi self-DAT cake-ACC prepare-VRM.PST-3SF
    `Rashmi made a cake for herself...'
Example #22:

    b.      adare ad-annu tann-a taayi-ge       koTT-aLu
    but it-ACC she-GEN mother-DAT give.PST-3SF
    `...but she gave it to her mother.'
Example #23:

    (17) a.      Hari tann-age pustaka-vannu kalisi-koND-a
    Hari self-DAT book-ACC         send-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari sent a book to himself.'
Example #24:

    b. * Hari pustaka-vannu tann-age kalis (-koND / -id / -koTT) -a
    Hari book-ACC       self-DAT send (-VRM.PST / -PST / -BEN.PST) -3SM
    intended: `Hari sent a book to himself.'
Example #25:

    (20) a.       Hari tann-annu hogaLi-koLL-utt-aane
    Hari self-ACC praise-VRM-NPST-3SM
    `Hari praises himself.'
Example #26:

    (21) a.          gaali-ge baagilu tere-du-koND-itu
    wind-DAT door open-PP-VRM.PST-3SN
    `Because of the wind, the door opened'
Example #27:

    (29) a.      Hari tann-annu chappatey-isi-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC flat-CAUS-VRM.PST-3SM
    `Hari flattened himself.'
Example #28:

    b.     Hari tann-annu puNyavantanendu nambi-koLL-utt-aane
    Hari self-ACC wealthy              believe-VRM-NPST-3SM
    `Hari believes himself to be wealthy.'
Example #29:

    c. * Hari tann-annu chappatey-aagi taTTi-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC flat-ADVL      hammer-VRM.PST-3SM
    Intended: `Hari hammered himself flat.'