ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Stefan Müller (2003). Object-To-Subject-Raising and Lexical Rule An Analysis of the German Passive.

URL: http://www.cl.uni-bremen.de/~stefan/PS/passive-da.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3350&langcode=deu (2019-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a. Der Mann hat den Ball dem Jungen geschenkt.
    the mannom has the ballacc the boyd at given
    `The man gave the ball to the boy.'
Example #2:

    b. Der Ball wurde dem Jungen geschenkt.
    the ballnom was the boyd at given
    `The ball was given to the boy.'
Example #3:

    c. Der Junge bekam den Ball geschenkt.
    the boynom got     the ballacc given
    `The boy got the ball as a present.'
Example #4:

    (2)   a. Ihr    habt die Angelegenheit zu erledigen.
    younom have the matteracc        to settle
    `You have to settle the matter.'
Example #5:

    (13)     Seine Frau geliebt hat er nie.
    his wife loved has he never
    `He never loved his wife.'
Example #6:

    (14)      a. Dem Student hat vor        der Prüfung gegraut.
    the studentd at has before the exam dreaded
    `The student dreaded the exam.'
Example #7:

    ist da nicht.
    is there not
    there.'
Example #8:

    (22)      * Dem Mann aufgefallen wurde nicht.
    the man noticed       was not
    Intended: `The man did not notice somebody.'
Example #9:

    intransitiver Verben    ...
    intransitive verbs
    `Grammarians also       mention cases with the participle of intransitive verbs.
Example #10:

    (33)   a.   * Dem Student wird (vom Professor) vor          der                 Prüfung gegraut.
    the studentd at gets by.the professor before the                  exam dreaded
    the exam.'
Example #11:

    b.   * Dem Student ist vor    der Prüfung zu grauen.
    the student is before the exam to dread
    exam.'
Example #12:

    (34)    a. Dem    Student hat vor        der Prüfung gegraut.
    the    studentd at has before the exam dreaded
    `The   student dreaded the exam.'
Example #13:

    b. Dem    Student scheint vor      der Prüfung zu grauen.
    the    student seems before the exam to dread
    `The   student seems to dread the exam.'
Example #14:

    Krankenwagen gebracht.
    ambulance      brought
    `The injured was brought to the ambulance between two first-aid attendents.'
Example #15:

    zum Krankenwagen gebracht.
    to.the ambulance      brought
    aid attendents.'
Example #16:

    Krankenwagen gebracht.
    ambulance        brought
    goats.'