The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark de Vries (2006). The Syntax of Appositive Relativization.

URL: http://odur.let.rug.nl/~dvries/pdf/2005-appositives-li.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3366&langcode=nld (2018-10-19).


Example #1:

    (3)   a.    Annie, die viool speelt, heeft een nieuwe strijkstok gekocht.
    Annie, who violin plays, has       a     new     bow       bought
    `Annie, who plays the violin, bought a new bow.'
Example #2:

    b.    Jan begaf         zich naar beneden, en wel naar de kelder.
    Jan proceeded SE towards downstairs, and indeed to                   the basement
    `Jan went downstairs, namely to the basement.'
Example #3:

    (16) Du kennst doch den                  Jan und den            Peter?
    you know yet      the-ACC Jan and the-ACC Peter
    `You know Jan and Peter, don't you?'
Example #4:

    (17) Du kennst doch den                  Jan, meinen Cousin?
    you know yet the-ACC Jan, my-ACC cousin
    `You know Jan, my cousin, don't you?'
Example #5:

    (18) a.        Joop en Joep heb ik _ gezien.                                                                  [conjunction]
    Joop and Joep have I _ seen
    `I have seen Joop and Joep.'
Example #6:

    b.     Annie, onze directrice, heb ik _ gezien.                                                         [apposition]
    Annie, our manager, have I _                     seen
    `I have seen Annie, our manager.'
Example #7:

    c.     Annie, die een dochter van drie heeft, heb ik _ gezien.                                                    [ARC]
    Annie, who a daughter of three has, have I _ seen
    `I have seen Annie, who has a three year old daughter.'
Example #8:

    c.       Annie, die gek is, van wie niemand de woonplaats kent, ...
    Annie, who crazy is, of whom nobody the residence                      knows
    `Annie, who is crazy, whose residence nobody knows, ...'
Example #9:

    c.        Du kennst doch den Jan, ihn/*er der unser Manager ist?
    you know yet the-ACC Jan, himacc/*he who our         manager                       is
    `You know Jan, (him) who is our manager, don't you?'
Example #10:

    (29) a.        Wie zoet is krijgt lekkers.                                                                         [true FR]
    who sweet is gets sweets
    `Sweets for the sweet.'
Example #11:

    b.     Degene/hij die zoet is krijgt lekkers.                                                             [false FR]
    the.one/he who sweet is gets        sweets
    lit. `He who is sweet, will get sweets.'
Example #12:

    b.   Wie ken jij?                                                       [question]
    who know you?
    `Who do you know?'
Example #13:

    kaartje had, genoot van de voorstelling.
    ticket had, enjoyed (of) the performance
    enjoyed the performance.'
Example #14:

    b.   Popeye, die van spinazie houdt, die daarom ook heel sterk is, redde Olijfje.
    Popeye, who (of) spinach likes, who therefore also very strong is, saved Olive
    `Popeye, who likes spinach, who is therefore very strong, saved Olive.'
Example #15:

    toeristen komen.
    tourists    come
    `He lives in Amsterdam, which has 750,000 inhabitants, where many tourists go as
Example #16:

    (49) a.        Ik heb Joop gezien, die twee zusters heeft.
    I have Joop seen,      who two sisters                  has
    `I saw Joop, who has two sisters.'
Example #17:

    b.     Gisteren heb ik mijn zuster bezocht, die blond haar heeft (zoals je weet).
    yesterday have I my sister visited, who blond hair has                                   (as      you know)
    `Yesterday I visited my sister, who has blond hair (as you know).'
Example #18:

    ministerschap is verschenen.
    ministership    has appeared
    `Ritzen came to visit, by whom a shameless book on ministership was published re
Example #19:

    (52) a.          Elke soldaat kan tot God bidden, die hem dan zal vergeven.
    Every soldier can to God pray,       who him then will forgive
    `Every soldier may pray to God, who will then forgive him.'
Example #20:

    (53) a.          Ik heb het mijn tante verteld, die in tranen uitbarstte.
    I have it my aunt told,             who in tears              burst
    `I have told it to my aunt, who burst into tears.'
Example #21:

    (55) a.          De verhalen over zichzelfi die Joopi gisteren hoorde, waren gelogen. [RRC]
    the stories    about SE-SELF which Joop yesterday heard, were                            lied
    `The stories about himself that Joop heard yesterday, were lied.'
Example #22:

    wat een juiste beslissing was.
    which a just decision        was
    `The three wise men advised the retreat of the Commission, which was a just deci
Example #23:

    VP:        De kat heeft overgegeven, wat de hond hopelijk niet zal doen.
    the cat has    vomited,       which the dog hopefully not will do
    `The cat vomited, which hopefully the dog will not do.'
Example #24:

    AP:        De directeur ontkende corrupt te zijn, wat ze echter wel degelijk is.
    the manager denied       corrupt to be, which she however indeed                                     is
    `The manager denied being corrupt, which, however, she actually is.'
Example #25:

    AdvP: Hij werkte hard, hetgeen is hoe een ambtenaar behoort te werken.
    he worked hard, which       is how a civil.servant ought                             to work
    `He worked hard, which is how a civil servant ought to work.'
Example #26:

    PP:        De leerstoelgroep vergaderde van 9:30 tot 12:30, wat erg lang is.
    the prof. Chair-group met          from 9:30 to 12:30, which very long is
    `The department met from 9:30 till 12:30, which is very long.'
Example #27:

    PP:        Hij keek verschrikt achter zich, waar echter niets was te zien.
    he looked frightened behind SE, where however nothing was to see
    `He looked behind himself startled, where, however, nothing was to be seen.'
Example #28:

    (73) * Deze roman welk boek Reve geschreven heeft, is                                             herdrukt.               [RRC]
    this novel which book Reve written             has, has.been reprinted
    `This novel which book Reve has written has been reprinted.'
Example #29:

    (74) a.        Welke onverlaat zoiets                       doet, verdient straf.                                             [FR]
    which miscreant such.a.thing does, deserves punishment
    `Which miscreant does such a thing, deserves to be punished.'
Example #30:

    b.     Ik lees welk boek me ook maar onder ogen komt.
    I read which book me NPI               under eyes comes
    `I read whichever book I get a look at.'
Example #31:

    (75) a.        "De avonden", welk boek van Reve veel gelezen wordt, is herdrukt. [ARC]
    "De avonden", which book of Reve much read               is,    has.been reprinted
Example #32:

    geen Ferrari hebben.
    no    Ferrari have
Example #33:

    c.     Hond en kat zijn als water en vuur, welk feit reeds lang bekend is.
    dog and cat are like water and fire, which fact already long known is
    `Dogs and cats are like water and fire, which fact has been well-known for ages.