The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ryo Otoguro (2003). Focus Clitics and Discourse Information Spreading.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/8/lfg03otoguro.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3395&langcode=jpn (2018-01-23).


Example #1:

    a. Taroo=wa Hanako=ni yubiwa=o ageta.
    Taroo-TOP Hanako-DAT ring-ACC give.PST
    `Taro gave Hanako a ring.'
Example #2:

    b. Ken=mo titioya=o=sae nikunda.
    Ken-FOC father-ACC-FOC hate.PST
    `Ken too hated even his father.'
Example #3:

    (15)     a. Taroo=wa [inu=to uma] =o mita.
    Taroo-TOP dog-and horse ACC see.PST
    `Taro saw the dog and the horse.'
Example #4:

    b. Ken=wa [suugaku=to buturi] =de/sae manten=o            totta.
    Ken-TOP math-and      physics INST/FOCUS full mark-ACC get.PST
    `Ken got full marks (even) for math and physics.'