The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

David Willis (2006). Against N-raising and NP-raising analyses of Welsh noun phrases.

URL: http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/dwew2/welsh_dps.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3401&langcode=cym (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    (1)     a.    cwpan         mawr       gwyrdd      Sieineaidd
    cup           big        green       Chinese
    `a big green Chinese cup'                                                (Rouver
Example #2:

    b.    ci      mawr        du         Dafydd
    dog     big         black      Dafydd
    `Dafydd's big black dog'
Example #3:

    (5)       a.     y     pedwar      ci
    the   four        dog
    `four dogs'
Example #4:

    b.     llawer   gwn fl
    many     dogs
    `many dogs'
Example #5:

    (6)              fy        hoff          hen   gi
    1S.GEN    favourite old       dog
    `my favourite old dog'
Example #6:

    (7)          ci       Dafydd
    dog      Dafydd
    `Dafydd's dog'
Example #7:

    (9)          stori         am           Ffrainc
    story         about        France
    `a story about France'
Example #8:

    (10)    a.   dinasoedd             yng        Nghymru
    cities                in         Wales
    `cities in Wales'
Example #9:

    (14)    a.       stori       newydd           am        Ffrainc
    story       new              about     France
    `a new story about France'
Example #10:

    (19)       Disgrifiodd        y      gyrrwr    y      ddamwain.
    described          the    driver    the    accident
    `The driver described the accident.'
Example #11:

    (21)     a.   cwpan        mawr       gwyrdd      Sieineaidd
    cup          big        green       Chinese
    `a large green Chinese cup'
Example #12:

    b.   buwch        ddu        gorniog
    cow          black      horned
    `a black horned cow'
Example #13:

    c.   y     ferch        fach     dawel   hon
    the   girl         little   quiet   this
    `this little well-behaved girl'                               (Rouveret, 1994: 2
Example #14:

    (24)   a.    caneuon    newydd     gwych
    songs      new        great
    `great new songs'
Example #15:

    b.    athro     ifanc   hoffus
    teacher   young   likeable
    `a likeable young teacher'                                          (CEG 17.3.21
Example #16:

    (25)       a.       acen         Saesneg     gref
    accent       English     strong
    `strong English accent'
Example #17:

    b.       bardd ifanc        addawol
    poet       young   promising
    `a promising young poet'                                      (CEG 17.87.6)
Example #18:

    ii.        ??rhai        addysgol          arbennig
    ones     educational       special
    `special educational ones'
Example #19:

    b.    *y        cwpan   mwyaf          gwyrdd Sieineaidd
    the cup           biggest        green      Chinese
    `the biggest green Chinese cup'
Example #20:

    b.      *y      cwpan      arall   gwyrdd      Sieineaidd
    the    cup        other   green       Chinese
    `the other green Chinese cup / *the green Chinese other cup'
Example #21:

    (31)     y        blaid   arall          hon
    the      party other.SG         this.FEM
    `this other party'
Example #22:

    (32)     y        pleidiau        llai         eraill
    the      parties         smaller      other.PL
    `the other smaller parties'
Example #23:

    is       the    boy                        other
    `The boy is other.'
Example #24:

    (42)     Ieuan    bach
    Ieuan    small
    `small / little / dear Ieuan'
Example #25:

    (44)     y      llechgi     bach     busneslyd
    the    sneak       little   interfering
    `the interfering little sneak'
Example #26:

    (45)     a.     addasiad         Cymraeg       newydd   o      ddrama    Thomas     Middleton
    adaptation       Welsh         new      of     play      Thomas     Middleton
    `a new Welsh adaptation of Thomas Middleton's play'
Example #27:

    b.     car   coch    newydd       Ieuan
    car   red     new          Ieuan
    `Ieuan's new red car'
Example #28:

    (48)   caneuon      newydd       gwych eraill
    songs        new          great     other.PL
    `other great new songs'
Example #29:

    ii.    Symudodd           Megan     ei         mab     i     ysgol     arall     Saesneg     (ei   chyfrwng).
    moved.3SG          Megan     her        son     to    school    other     English     its   medium
    `Megan moved her son to another English(-medium) school.'
Example #30:

    (49)    ...buddsoddi     ym        mhensaernďaeth       fy      ngwlad,   yn   hen   ac      yn    newydd.
    invest.VN      in        architecture         my      country   PRED old   and     PRED new
    `...to invest in the architecture of my country, old and new.'
Example #31:

    (51)    pedwar      llyfr     ar    bymtheg       Wyn
    four        book      on    fifteen       Wyn
    `Wyn's nineteen books'
Example #32:

    (52)    pedair    cân    Gymreig ar        hugain       arall
    four      song   Welsh        on   twenty       other
    `twenty four other Welsh songs'                                              (Th
Example #33:

    (53)   y     pedair       ysgol       ar     ddeg   fwyaf           yng        Nghymru
    the   four         school      on     ten    biggest         in         Wales
    `the fourteen biggest schools in Wales'
Example #34:

    (54)   y     tair       merch        ddawnus        ar   hugain           hyn
    the   three      girl         talented       on   twenty           these
    `these twenty-three talented girls'
Example #35:

    (55)   a.    y      pedwar           mesur    ar    hugain          traddodiadol
    the    four             meter    on    twenty          traditional
    `the twenty-four traditional (poetic) meters (sc. "it is traditional to divide W
Example #36:

    b.    pedwar       mesur       traddodiadol       ar    hugain
    four         meter       traditional        on    twenty
    `(any) twenty-four traditional meters'
Example #37:

    c.    ??pedair          cân    ar     ddeg   newydd          wych
    four          song   on     ten    new             great
    `fourteen great new songs'
Example #38:

    (60)       y        tair    plaid   arall        hyn
    the      three   party   other.SG     these.PL
    `these three other parties'
Example #39:

    (64)    ci    mawr du        arall
    dog   big   black    other
    `another big black dog'
Example #40:

    (67)     seddau   crwn     coch   moethus
    seats    round    red    soft
    `soft round red seats'                                                    (CEG 8