The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

C.-T. James Huang (1999). Chinese Passives in Comparative Perspective.

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ealc/chinling/articles/huang.passive.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3411&langcode=nan (2018-03-22).


Example #1:

    goa ho pha-tio a.
    I HO hit       PRT
    I was hit [by him/her].
Example #2:

    (65)    goa ho i pha-tio a.
    I HO him hit       PRT
    I was hit by him/her.
Example #3:

    (69)    Apin ho Atek khoaN-tio chinche khuattiam.
    Apin BEI Atek seen      many flaws
    Apin had many of his flaws discovered by Atek.
Example #4:

    (70)    goa ho i tsao-khi a.
    I HO him run-awayPRT
    I (adversely) experienced his running away.
Example #5:

    (106) a.     goa beh holi peh-be-khilai.
    I want HO you crawl-not-up
    I will cause you to be unable to get up.
Example #6:

    b.   goa beh ho i seng tshut-khi.
    I want HO him first out-go
    I will let him get out first.
Example #7:

    c.   goa bosiosim ho i tsao-tshut-khi a.
    I careless HO him run-out-away PRT
    Due to my carelessness I had him running away (on me).
Example #8:

    d.   goa ho i khoaN-tio goa-e pibit.
    I HO him see-result my secret
    I had him discovering my secret.
Example #9:

    e.   goa ho i thaothe neng-pa kho.
    I HO him steal 200           dollar
    I got stolen 200 dollars by him.
Example #10:

    f.   goa ho i liah-tio a.
    I HO him catch PRT
    I got caught by him.
Example #11:

    (106c) goa bosiosim ho ichao-chhut-khi a.
    I careless HO him run-out-away PRT
    Due to my carelessness I had him running away (on me).
Example #12:

    (71)     lan bosiosim ho iniaN kui-a tiuN khi   a
    we careless HO them win severalgames away PRT
Example #13:

    (115) goa ho i that-tio patto     a.                               (Taiwanese)
    I HO him kick        stomach PRT
    I was `kicked [my] stomach' by him.
Example #14:

    (75)    yi ka goa tsao-khi a.
    he KA I run-away PRT
    He ran away on me.
Example #15:

    (77)    goa kinazit be khimo, be lai ka i thetsa hapan.
    I today not happy will come KA him earlier take-off
    Today I'm pissed, so I will quit early for the day on him[e.g., my boss].