The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dan Brassil (2002). Periphrasis, Standard Lexicalism and Realizational Lexicalism.

URL: http://ling.ucsd.edu/~brassil/ItalPeriphrasis.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 342&langcode=ita (2020-08-08).


Example #1:

    (2) a. Maria ha              una     macchina nuova
    Maria have.PRES a         car       new                             PRESENT
    `Maria has a new car'
Example #2:

    (3) a. Davide      ha             mangiato la torta.
    Davide      have.PRES      eat.PRT  the cake                        PAST
    'David ate the cake'
Example #3:

    (14)    a. Paola           lo compra.
    Paola.3.SG      cl buy.PRES.3.   SG
    `Paola buys it'
Example #4:

    b. Paola          lo ha                      comprato
    Paola.3.sg     cl have.   PRES.3.SG       buy.PRT
    `Paola bought it'
Example #5:

    a. Maria          è/*ha                 corsa        a casa
    Maria.F.SG     be.3.SG/*have.3.SG run.PRT.F.SG at house
    'Maria ran home'
Example #6:

    (i) a.   Sauro                ha               comprato        il panino
    Sauro.3.SG           has.3.SG.PRES    buy.PRT.UNM     the sandwich.3.SG
    `Sauro bought the    sandwich'
Example #7:

    b. Gianni era         arrivato        alle   otto
    Gianni be.3.SG     arrive.PRT      at.the eight
    'Gianni had arrived at eight o'clock'
Example #8:

    (46)    a. Ho                        una       Fiat
    have.1.SG.PRES            a         Fiat
    'I have a Fiat'
Example #9:

    b. Ho              fatto    una                torta
    have.1.SG       make.PRT a                  cake
    'I made a cake'
Example #10:

    ho                avuto una             bici
    have.PRES.1.SG have.PRT a               bicycle
    `I had a bicycle'
Example #11:

    avevo              avuto    una          bici
    have.IMP.1.SG      have.PRT a            bicycle
    `I had had a bicycle'
Example #12:

    avrò                avuto    una         bici
    have.FUT.1.SG       have.PRT a           bici
    `I will have had a bicycle'
Example #13:

    Sauro         compra        il panino
    Sauro.3.SG    buy.3.SG.PRES the sandwich.3.SG
    `Sauro buys the sandwich'
Example #14:

    (54)    a. Le ragazze sono                arrivate/*o          alle   otto
    the girls.F.PL be.3.PL         arrive.PRT.F.PL/*UNM at.the eight
    `The girls arrived at 8'
Example #15:

    a. Marco lo               vuole leggere
    Marco cl.M.SG.ACC want.PRES read.INF                                  clitic climbing
    `Marco wants to read it'
Example #16:

    b. Marco vuole       leggerlo
    Marco want.PRES read.INF.cl.M.               SG.ACC                 no clitic climbing
    `Marco wants to read it'
Example #17:

    b. *un     articolo gli          incomprehensibile
    a      article   cl.DAT      incomprehensible
    'An article incomprehensible to him'
Example #18:

    c. un articolo incomprehensible per lui
    a article       incomprehensible for he
    'An article incomprehensible to him'
Example #19:

    (64)    a. Gennaro lo               aveva mangiato
    Gennarao cl.M.PL.ACC have.IMP eat.M.SG
    'Gennaro had eaten them'
Example #20:

    Si è           contenti/e
    SI be.3.SG     happy.M.PL/F.  PL
    'People are happy'
Example #21:

    a. Si è          comprato/*i/*e                    un libro
    SI be.3.SG    buy.PRT.UNM/*M.PL/*F.PL           a book
    'People bought a book'
Example #22:

    (81)     a. Si canterà         alle    feste.
    SI sing.FUT.3.SG at.the parties                          FUTURE
    `People will sing at the parties'
Example #23:

    b. Si cantava         alle    feste
    SI sing.IMP.3.SG at.the parties                          IMPERFECT
    `People sang at the parties'
Example #24:

    (i) a.   Si mangia              spaghetti.
    SI eat.PRES.3.SG       spaghetti.3.PL
    `People eat spaghetti'
Example #25:

    b.   Si mangiano            spaghetti.
    SI eat.PRES.3.PL       spaghetti.3.PL
    `People eat spaghetti'