ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Clifford Spence Burgess (1995). MAPPING MULTIPLE CAUSATIVES.

URL: http://www.sfu.ca/~gerdts/teaching/MA_Thesis_Cliff.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3421&langcode=jpn (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (25) a. Hanako ga Taroo ni         syokki o          araw-ase-ta
    Hanako NOM Taro      DAT dishes ACC          wash-CS-PST
    `Hanako caused [made/let] Taro to wash the dishes.'
Example #2:

    (27) Yooko ga Taroo ni           Hanako ni is ya     ni/o ko-sase-sase-sase-ta
    Yoko          Taro          Hanako     doctor         come-CS-CS-CS-PST
    `Yoko made (let) Taro make (let) Hanako make/let the doctor come.'
Example #3:

    (28) ??Taroo ga Hanako ni       is ya ni     kodomo o koros-ase-sase-ta
    Taro        Hanako       doctor       child           kill-CS-CS-PST
    `Taro made (let) Hanako make (let) the doctor kill the child.'
Example #4:

    (29) *Taroo ga is ya ni Yooko ni Hanako ni kusuri o age-sase-sase-ta
    Taro        doctor Yoko          Hanako      medicine give-CS-CS-PST
    `Taro made (let) the doctor make (let)Yoko give the medicine to Hanako.'
Example #5:

    Dare ga Ziroo ni Taroo ni heya o          soozis-ase-ta
    who NOM Ziro         Taro       room ACC clean-CS-PST
    `Who made Ziro make Taro clean the room?'
Example #6:

    Taroo (ni) wa dare ga Ziroo ni heya o               soozis-ase-ta
    Taro     (DAT) TOP who NOM Ziro          room ACC clean-CS-PST
    `As for Taro, who made Ziro make him clean the room?'
Example #7:

    *Ziroo (ni) wa dare ga Taroo ni heya o              soozis-ase-ta
    Ziro (DAT) TOP who NOM Taro             room ACC clean-CS-PST
    (`As for Ziro, who made him make Taro clean the room?')
Example #8:

    (86) a. Isya    wa kanz ya o         aruk-ase-ta
    doctor TOP patient ACC walk-CS-PST
    `The doctor made the patient walk.'
Example #9:

    (87) a. Hanako ga Taroo ni         syokki o          araw-ase-ta
    Hanako NOM Taro      DAT dishes ACC          wash-CS-PST
    `Hanako caused [made/let] Taro to wash the dishes.'49
Example #10:

    (89) a. ??Taroo ga Hanako ni       is ya ni     kodomo o        koros-ase-sase-ta
    Taro        Hanako       doctor       child           kill-CS-CS-PST
    `Taro made (let) Hanako make (let) the doctor kill the child.'
Example #11:

    (111) a. Isya    wa kanz ya o        aruk-ase-ta
    doctor TOP patient ACC walk.CS.PST
    `The doctor caused [made] the patient to walk.'
Example #12:

    (112) a. Hanako ga Taroo ni         syokki o       araw-ase-ta
    Hanako NOM Taro      DAT dishes ACC wash-CS-PST
    `Hanako caused [made/let] Taro to wash the dishes.'
Example #13:

    (132)      Yooko ga Taroo ni           Hanako ni is ya     ni/o ko-sase-sase-sase-ta
    Yoko          Taro          Hanako     doctor         come-CS-CS-CS-PST
    `Yoko made (let) Taro make (let) Hanako make/let the doctor come.'