ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Adams Bodomo and Sophia Lee (2001). On the function COMP in Cantonese.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/6/lfg01bodomolee.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3431&langcode=yue (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (1)       Nei5     gaau3       [ngo5]
    2.SG     teach        me
    `You teach me.'
Example #2:

    (2)       Nei5     bei2-zo2      bun2 syu1           [ngo5]
    2.SG     give-PERF     CL book              1.SG
    `You have given me a book.'
Example #3:

    (3)       Ngo5       zyu6 [hai2      zung1waan4]
    1.SG       live at         Central
    `I live in Central.'
Example #4:

    (5)       Keoi5    jiu3      ngo5    [zau2]
    3.SG     want      1.SG     leave
    `He/she asked me to leave'
Example #5:

    (7)           S[Keoi5 VP[waa6 VP[m4                 leng3]]]
    3.SG        say          NEG         pretty
    `S/he said that (it is) not pretty.'
Example #6:

    (8)           Ngo5     zi1 dou3-zo2 [keoi5 saat3-gwo3 jan4]
    1.SG     know-PERF 3.SG             kill-PERF people
    `I know that s/he has killed a person.'
Example #7:

    (10)          [Keoi5 saat3-gwo3 jan4] li1 gin6 si6          bei2 ngo5 zi1 dou3-zo2
    3.SG kill-PERF people this CL matter BEI 1.SG know-PERF
    `That s/he has killed a person is known by me.'
Example #8:

    (11)         a.   Ngo5      zi1 dou3 S[keoi5 hai6 hou2      jan4]
    1.SG      know         3.SG be good       people
    `I know that s/he is a good person.'
Example #9:

    b.   Ngo5     zi1 dou3 DP[li1      gin6 si6]
    1.SG     know          this   CL matter
    `I know (about) this.'
Example #10:

    (12)       a.   Ngo5      seon3       S[keoi5   hai6 hou2         jan4]
    1.SG      believe      3.SG be good               people
    `I believe that s/he is a good person.'
Example #11:

    b.   Ngo5      seon3      DP[keoi5]
    1.SG      believe       3.SG
    `I believe (in) him/her.'
Example #12:

    (13)       a.   Ngo5       gok3 dak1       S[keoi5    hai6 hou2       jan4]
    1.SG       think            3.SG be good              people
    `I think that s/he is a good person.'
Example #13:

    (14)       a.   Ngo5      hei1 mong6 S[keoi5 hai6 hou2                jan4]
    1.SG      hope              3.SG be good              people
    `I hope that s/he is a good person.'
Example #14:

    (15) a.     Ngo5      zi1       ni1 gin6 si6
    1.SG      know      this matter
    `I know this matter.'
Example #15:

    ??b. Ngo5      zi1            keoi5
    1.SG      know           3.SG
    `I know it.'
Example #16:

    ji2 ging1     zeon6-zo2      lik6]
    already       try-PERF       strength
    `I understand your feeling and that you have tried your best.'
Example #17:

    bang4 jau2 jat1 zik6         gam2      zi1 ci4 ngo5]
    friend       all the way     so         support 1.SG
    `I thank my parents and that my friends have supported me all the way.'
Example #18:

    (22)        a.   Ngo5       zung1 ji3 li1 fu3 ngaan5 geng2
    1.SG       like       this CL glasses
    `I like this pair of glasses.'
Example #19:

    (23)        a.   Ngo5 zung1 ji3       [nei5      daai3 li1 fu3 ngaan5 geng2]
    1.SG like             2.SG      wear this CL glasses
    `I like that you wear this pair of glasses.'
Example #20:

    (24)        [Keoi5 hai6 hou2          jan4],    ngo5     zi1 dou3
    3.SG      be good        people    1.SG     know
    `S/he is a good person, I know.'
Example #21:

    (25)        [Keoi5 hai6 hou2          jan4],    ngo5     gok3 dak1
    3.SG     be good         people    1.SG     think
    `S/he is a good person, I think.'
Example #22:

    (26)        Ngo5 hou2 hoi1 sam1 [gaan1 gung1 si1 ceng2-zo2    ngo5]
    1.SG very happy           CL company employ-PREP 1.SG
    `I am so happy that the company has employed me.'
Example #23:

    (27)       Keoi5     gui6 dou3              [deoi3 goek3      jyun5    saai3]
    3.SG      tired to the extent CL           legs    feeble   all
    `S/he is so tired that his/her legs are feeble.'
Example #24:

    (28) Keoi5     can3      [ngo5 dei6 m4      wai4 ji3] tau1-zo2         bun2       syu1
    3.SG      during     1.PL      NEG aware          steal-PERF      CL         book
    `S/he stole the book when we did not pay attention.'
Example #25:

    (29) Keoi5    soeng2 jau4 [ngo5 zyu2 ci4 li1                  go3 wui2]
    3.SG     want      from 1.SG chair     DET               CL meeting
    `S/he wants me to chair this meeting.'
Example #26:

    (30) Keoi5    zi1       gwan1 jyu1 [ngo5 dei6       hap6 zok3 ge3             si6]
    3.SG     know      about          1.PL         cooperate POSS            matter
    `S/he knows about the matter on which we cooperated.'