ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nancy Hedberg (2000). The Discourse Function of English Clefts and Mandarin shi...de Constructions*.

URL: http://www.sfu.ca/~hedberg/Berlin%20Paper%20presented+.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3473&langcode=cmn (2018-04-27).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     Shi WO da po zhei ge                 beize de                (Po-Ching & Rimmington, p. 133)
    SHI I hit break this CLASS cup DE
    `It was I who broke this cup.'
Example #2:

    (4)     Ta yao de /dongxi shi zidian.
    he want DE /thing SHI dictionary
    What/the thing that he wants is a dictionary
Example #3:

    (5)     Zidian shi ta yao de /dongxi
    dictionary SHI he want DE /thing
    `a dictionary is what/the thing he wants'
Example #4:

    (12)   ta shi cong Riben lai de
    he SHI from Japan come DE
    `He is someone from Japan.'
Example #5:

    (16)    (a)       ta shi zuotian lai de                           (Li & Thompson, p. 587)
    3sg be yesterday come NOM
    `The situation is that s/he came yesterday.'
Example #6:

    (b)       ta zuotian lai le                               (Li & Thompson, p. 590)
    3sg yesterday come PFV
    `S/he came yesterday.'
Example #7:

    (17)    Wo mingtian shi DAO NIU YUE qu (*de).
    I tomorrow be to New York go (*DE).
    `It is to New York that I go tomorrow.'
Example #8:

    (18)    Wo shi mai de feizao            (Po-Ching & Rimmington, p. 134)
    I SHI buy DE soap
    `It was soap that I bought'
Example #9:

    (19)    Wo mai le feizao
    I buy LE soap.
    `I bought soap'
Example #10:

    (20)   Ta shi qunian jie-de-hun                        (Huang 1982: 313)
    he be last-year mar-ASP-ry
    `It was last year that he got married.'
Example #11:

    (21)   Ta shi qunian jie-le-hun                        (Huang 1982: 313)
    he be last-year mar-ASP-ry
    `It was last year that he got married.'
Example #12:

    (23)   Wo zuotian kanguo *(de) shi zhe-ben shu
    I yesterday read SHI DE this-CLS book
    `What I read yesterday was this book.'
Example #13:

    (24)   (a)     Wo zuotian kanguo de shu shi zhe-ben shu
    I yesterday read DE book SHI this-CLS-book
    `The book I read yesterday is this book.'
Example #14:

    (b)     Zhe-ben shu shi wo zuotian kanguo de shu
    this-CLS book SHI I yesterday read DE book
    `This book is the book I read yesterday.'
Example #15:

    (25)   (a)     Wo zai gongyuan-li zhao-dao nide gou
    I at park-in find your dog
    `I found your dog in the park.'
Example #16:

    (b)     Shi wo zai gongyuan-li zhao-dao nide gou de            (Teng 1979, p. 102)
    SHI I at park-in find your dog DE
    `It was I who found your dog in the park.'
Example #17:

    (c)     Wo shi zai gongyuan-li zhao-dao nide gou de            (Teng 1979, p. 103)
    I SHI at park-in find your dog DE
    `It was in the park that I found your dog.'
Example #18:

    (d)     Wo zai gongyuan-li shi zhao-dao nide gou de
    I at park-in SHI find your dog DE
    `It was find your dog that I did in the park.'
Example #19:

    (26)   (a)     *Wo zai gongyuan-li zhao-dao shi nide gou de
    I at park-in find SHI your dog DE
    `It was your dog that I found in the park.'
Example #20:

    (b)     *Shi nide gou wo zai gongyuan-li zhao-daode             (Teng 1979, p. 103)
    SHI your dog I at park-in find DE
    `It was your dog that I found in the park.'
Example #21:

    (27)   (a)     Wo zai gongyuan-li zhao-dao de shi nide gou
    I at park-in find DE SHI your dog
    `What I found in the park was your dog.'
Example #22:

    (c)     Wo zai gonyuan-li zhao-dao shi zhao-dao nide gou.
    I at park-in find SHI find your dog.
    `It was your dog that I found in the park.'
Example #23:

    (d)     Wo zai gongyuan-li shi zhao-dao de nide gou
    I at park-in SHI find DE your dog
    `It was your dog that I found in the park.'
Example #24:

    (28)    bu shi WO da po zhei ge          beize de.
    not SHI I hit break this CLASS cup DE
    `It wasn't I who broke this cup.'
Example #25:

    (29)    Shi bu shi WO da po          zhei ge     beize de?
    SHI not SHI I     hit break this CLASS cup DE?
    `Was it I who broke this cup?'
Example #26:

    (30)   (a)      Yinggai Yaoqi qu                                       (Shi 1994: 86)
    should Yaoqi go
    `It should be the case the Yaoqi goes (there)'
Example #27:

    (b)      Ying-bu-yinggai Yaoqi qu?                              (Shi 1994: 86)
    should not should Yaoqi go
    `Should it or should it not be the case that Yaoqi goes?'
Example #28:

    (31)   Hui shi/*hui wo mingtian zai gongyua-li yao jian ta.
    will SHI/will I tomorrow at park want see him
    `It will be I that will see him in at the park tomorrow.'
Example #29:

    (33)       Ta shi guyi dapo le nide huapin
    he SHI on-purpose break ASP your vase
    `It was your vase that he broke on purpose.'
Example #30:

    mei jiao guanzi-li yubei.                 p106
    not ask restaurant prepare
    It's me who bring all the grape juice, wine and milk today, not prepared by rest
Example #31:

    "Shi [Sun xiaojie ling wo guo qiao](S) de."      pp174-175
    SHI Sun Miss lead me pass bridge DE
    Miss Sun who led me to go over the bridge."
Example #32:

    dui ren-men de fushi zongshi hen mingan".
    to people of dress always very sensitive
    people's dressing.'
Example #33:

    "Tingshuo shao-furen shi [zai MeiGuo qu] (VP) de?"           p243
    hear    your-wife SHI at America marry DE
    through the situation, so he asked: "Was it in America where you married your wi
Example #34:

    xiang ta qiu hun de zeren.           p32
    towards she beg marriage of responsibility
    marriage with conscience.
Example #35:

    shifen aohui.
    very regret
    years, but she is feeling very regret now.'