ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Chienjer Lin (2003). Aspect is Result.

URL: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~clin/papers/paper%20files/2004wecol_lin.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3474&langcode=cmn (2018-07-18).

 

Example #1:

    (9) Wo xie         le yi feng xin                  [Mandarin perfective]
    I write ASP1 one CL letter
    `I wrote a letter.'
Example #2:

    (10) Ta zhan zhe.                                  [Mandarin imperfective]
    He stand ASP
    `He's standing.'
Example #3:

    Ta jiao-xing didi
    he call-awake brother
    `He called and as a result awakened his brother.'
Example #4:

    Wo qi         de       toupi           fa     ma
    I angry DE head-skin (scalp) get numb
    `I was angry to the point that my scalp got numb.'
Example #5:

    (15) Ta jiao-xing didi
    he call-awake brother
    `He called his brother awake.'
Example #6:

    Wo qi de             toupi         fa ma
    I angry DE head-skin (scalp) get numb
    `I was angry to the extent that my head got numb.'
Example #7:

    (23) Ta     gaoxing        de         he     bu long          zui
    He     happy            DE        close       not   tight    mouth
    `He was so happy that he cannot close his mouth.'
Example #8:

    (29) Wo xie-wan               le      yi feng       xin      (completive)
    I write-complete LE one CL                   letter
    `I completed a letter.' [I am no longer writing.]
Example #9:

    (32) Ta caocao liao shi
    he sketchily finish business
    'He finished business without paying much attention.'
Example #10:

    (34) Wo chi guo le wufan
    I      eat GUO LE lunch
    `I have had lunch.'
Example #11:

    (35) *Wo chi le guo wufan
    I      eat LE GUO lunch
    `I have had lunch.'
Example #12:

    (37) Guo he         chai qiao        [idiom]
    Cross river tear bridge
    `Tear the bridge after crossing the river. (not being grateful)'
Example #13:

    (38) Renzhen guo rizi
    Serious live day
    `Live your days seriously.'
Example #14:

    (39) Men kai          zhe
    Door open       ZHE
    `The door is open.'
Example #15:

    (40) Ta chuan zhe xizhuang
    He wear ZHE suit
    `He's wearing a suit.'