ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (2005). Chapter 6.

URL: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/summerschool2002/Van7.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3498&langcode=aey (2018-04-21).

 

Example #1:

    (6.3) a Ija hu-m-ig         sab j-ig-a.
    1sg come-SS-1sg food eat-1sg-TPAST
    `I came and ate the food.'
Example #2:

    b. Ija ho-co-min      sab ja-g-a.
    1sg come-DS-1sg food eat-2sg-TPAST
    `I came and you ate the food.'
Example #3:

    (6.4) a. Ho busale-ce-b      dana age qo-ig-a.                               Tense
    pig run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST
    `The pig ran out and the men killed it.'
Example #4:

    b. Ho busale-ce-b      dana age qo-qag-an.
    pig run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl hit-3pl-FUT
    `The pig will run out and the men will kill it.'
Example #5:

    c.*Ho busale-ce-b-a             dana age qo-qag-an.
    pig run.out-DS-3sg-TPAST man 3pl hit-3pl-FUT
    `The pig ran out and the men will kill it.'
Example #6:

    (6.5) a. Ho busale-ce-b     dana age qo-ig-a      fo?                        Mood
    pig run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST Q
    (*`The pig ran out and did the men kill it?)
Example #7:

    b.*Ho busale-ce-b fo dana age qo-ig-a.
    pig run.out-DS-3sg Q man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST
    `Did the pig run out (?) and the men killed it.'
Example #8:

    (6.6) a. Ho busale-ce-b      dana age qee qo-l-oin.                             Negation
    pig run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl NEG hit-NEGPAST-3pl
    `The pig ran out and the men did not kill it.'
Example #9:

    b. Ho qee busale-ce-b        dana age qo-l-oin.
    pig NEG run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl hit-NEGPAST-3pl
    `The pig didn't run out and the men did not kill it.'
Example #10:

    c.*Ho qee busale-ce-b        dana age qo-ig-a.
    pig NEG run.out-DS-3sg man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST
    `The pig didn't run out and the men killed it.'
Example #11:

    (6.7) a Fred cum       ho-i-an             qa Bill uqadec h-ugi-an.       Tense
    yesterday come-3sg-YPAST but            tomorrow come-3sg-FUT
    `Fred came yesterday, but Bill will come tomorrow.'
Example #12:

    b. Ho busale-i-a              qa dana age qo-i-ga         fo?       Mood
    pig run.away-3sg-TPAST but man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST Q
    `The pig ran away, but did the men kill it?'
Example #13:

    c. Ho qee busale-l                       qa dana age qo-ig-a.       Negation
    pig NEG run.away-3sg-NEGPAST but man 3pl hit-3pl-TPAST
    `The pig didn't run away, but the men killed it.'
Example #14:

    d. Ho busale-i-a              qa dana age qee qo-l-oin.
    pig run.away-3sg-TPAST but man 3pl NEG hit-NEGPAST-3pl
    `The pig ran away, but the men didn't kill it.'
Example #15:

    (6.8) a. Ija ja hud-ig-a              eu nu, uqa sab mane-i-a.                Subordination
    1sg fire open-1sg-TPAST that for 3sg food roast-3sg-TPAST
    `Because I lit the fire, she cooked the food.'
Example #16:

    b. Uqa sab mane-i-a,                ija ja hud-ig-a      eu nu.
    3sg food roast-3sg-TPAST 1sg fire open-1sg-TPAST that for
    `She cooked the food, because I lit the fire.'
Example #17:

    (6.9) a. Ija ja hud-ig-a              qa, uqa sab mane-i-a.                   Coordination
    1sg fire open-1sg-TPAST but 3sg food roast-3sg-TPAST
    `I lit the fire, but she cooked the food.'
Example #18:

    (6.11)a. (Uqai ) ja hud-ii -a           eu nu, Maryi sab mane-ii -a.         Subordination
    (3sg) fire open-3sg-TPAST that for                food roast-3sg-TPAST
    `Because shei lit the fire, Maryi cooked the food.'
Example #19:

    b.*(Uqai ) ho-ii -a           qa, Fredi sab qee je-l-Ři .              Coordination
    (3sg) come-3sg-TPAST but                 food NEG eat-NEGPAST-3sg
    *`He i came, but Fredi didn't eat the food.'
Example #20:

    c.*(Uqa i ) bil-i-me-ii     Fredi je-ii -a.                            Switch-reference
    (3sg) sit-PRED-SS-3sg                eat-3sg-TPAST
    *`He i sat and Fredi ate.'