ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

C.-T. James Huang (1999). Chinese Passives in Comparative Perspective.

URL: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~ctjhuang/my_papers/1999.passives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3506&langcode=nan (2018-04-26).

 

Example #1:

    goa ho pha-tio a.
    I HO hit       PRT
    I was hit [by him/her].
Example #2:

    (65)    goa ho i     pha-tio a.
    I HO him hit       PRT
    I was hit by him/her.
Example #3:

    (66)     hit-e lang,     goa ho pha-tio a.
    that-CL person, I HO hit      PRT
    That person, I was hit [by him/her].
Example #4:

    (67)    a.   i hong phian-khi a.
    he HONG cheat-go PRT
    He was cheated by someone.
Example #5:

    b.   li kang kiaN-tio a.
    you KANG frighten PRT
    You frightened them.
Example #6:

    (70)   goa ho i tsao-khi a.
    I HO him run-away PRT
    I (adversely) experienced his running away.
Example #7:

    (71)   lan bosiosim ho in iaN kui-a tiuN khi        a
    we careless HO them win several games away PRT
    games away from us.
Example #8:

    (75)    yi ka goa tsao-khi a.
    he KA me run-away PRT
    He ran away on me.
Example #9:

    (76) yin ka lan yiaN kui-a tiuN khi        a.
    they KA we win several games away PRT
    They won several games away on us already.
Example #10:

    (77)    goa kinazit be khimo, be lai ka i thetsa hapan.
    I today not happy will come KA him earlier take-off
    Today I'm pissed, so I will quit early for the day on him [e.g., my boss].
Example #11:

    (84)    goa ho i     tio-tio te-it tsiong a
    I HO him get-get first prize PERF
    c. I (adversely) experienced his winning the first prize.
Example #12:

    (106) a.     goa beh ho li peh-be-khilai.
    I want HO you crawl-not-up
    I will cause you to be unable to get up.
Example #13:

    b.   goa beh ho i seng tshut-khi.
    I want HO him first out-go
    I will let him get out first.
Example #14:

    c.   goa bosiosim ho i tsao-tshut-khi a.
    I careless HO him run-out-away PRT
    Due to my carelessness I had him running away (on me).
Example #15:

    d.   goa ho i khoaN-tio goa-e pibit.
    I    HO him see-result my secret
    I had him discovering my secret.
Example #16:

    e.   goa ho i thaothe neng-pa kho.
    I HO him steal 200           dollar
    I got stolen 200 dollars by him.
Example #17:

    f.   goa ho i liah-tio a.
    I HO him catch PRT
    I got caught by him.
Example #18:

    (106c) goa bosiosim ho i chao-chhut-khi a.
    I careless HO him run-out-away PRT
    Due to my carelessness I had him running away (on me).
Example #19:

    (71)     lan bosiosim ho in iaN kui-a tiuN khi         a
    we careless HO them win several games away PRT
    Due to our carelessness we had them walking away winning several games.
Example #20:

    (115) goa ho i that-tio patto    a.                                 (Taiwanese)
    I HO him kick      stomach PRT
    I was `kicked [my] stomach' by him.
Example #21:

    (131) goa    ho i   yong-tiao nengpa kho            khi-a.
    I      HO him use-up    200     dollars       away-PRT
    b. I   am affected by his using up [his       own] 200 dollars.
Example #22:

    (75)    yi ka goa tsao-khi a.
    he KA I run-away PRT
    He ran away on me.
Example #23:

    (76)    yin ka lan yiaN kui-a tiuN khi a.
    they KA we win several games away PRT
    They won several games away on us already.
Example #24:

    (77)    goa kinazit be khimo, be lai ka i thetsa hapan.
    I today not happy will come KA him earlier take-off
    Today I'm pissed, so I will quit early for the day on him [e.g., my boss].