The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Thomas McFadden (2000). Grammaticalization in Choctaw Negation.

URL: http://ifla.uni-stuttgart.de/~tom/downloads/chocgrm.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3518&langcode=cho (2018-10-23).


Example #1:

    (2)          sa-habishko-tok
    `I sneezed.'
Example #2:

    (6) a.    -alah-mat             -impa-tok
    3sI-came-when:SS 3sI-ate-PAST
    `When hei arrived, hei ate.'
Example #3:

    b.   -alah-m,           -impa-tok
    3sI-came-when:DS 3sI-ate-PAST
    `When hej arrived, hek ate.'
Example #4:

    (7) a.    hattak-mat      --pi,sa-tok
    man-that:NOM 3I-3II-see-PAST
    `That man saw him.'
Example #5:

    b.   hattak-m --pi,sa-tok
    man-that:OBL 3I-3II-see-PAST
    `He saw that man.'
Example #6:

    (8) a.      Katah osh chinki?
    who FOCUS your-father
    `Who is your father?'
Example #7:

    b.    Hattak ma.
    man that
    `That man.'
Example #8:

    c.    Hattak mat anki.
    man that:NOM my-father                  [3rd s. pres. copula is a zero form]
    `That man is my father.'
Example #9:

    (10)        -pisa-li-tok
    `I saw it.'
Example #10:

    (12) ak-pi:sa na
    `Let me look!'
Example #11:

    (13) kil i:a na
    `Let's go!'
Example #12:

    (14) oka ik ishko na
    water 3sN-drink-EXH
    `Let him drink the water!'