The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Fernando Zuniga (2002). Inverse Systems in Indigenous Languages of the Americas.

URL: http://www.dissertationen.unizh.ch/2003/zuniga/zuniga02.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3537&langcode=crk (2018-10-23).


Example #1:

    c. Ospwkan-ak             mihctiwak.
    pipe-pANIM            they.were.numerous
    `There were many pipes.'
Example #2:

    d. -mihkosi-w5-ak                   asiniy-ak.
    3-be.red-3-3pANIM                rock-pANIM
    `The rocks are red.'
Example #3:

    b. Wpam-im1-2-w5                                     o-kosis-iyi-wa.
    see-SDIR-DIR-3                                  3POSS-son-OBV-OBV
    `He              sees his             son            .'
Example #4:

    b. -wpam-iko2-w3-ykw5                              o-kosis-a.
    CNJ-see-INV-OBV.S/A-2p                        3POSS-son-OBV
    `His          son         sees youp.'
Example #5:

    d. -wpam-2-iyi3-isk5                              o-kosis-a.
    CNJ-see-INV-OBV.S/A-2sINV                      3POSS-son-OBV
    `His          son         sees yous.'
Example #6:

    b. Wpam-2-iyi3-w5-a7.
    `Heobv sees himobv.'
Example #7:

    sa        hi            whtiko-wa.
    REP      DEM:OBV windigo-OBV
    `Truly the woman               struck down that windigoobv.'
Example #8:

    d. Ni-kiskyim-2-w5-ak                   -k-skih-iht-ik7.                      [CNJ]
    1-know-DIR-3-3p                    CNJ-PRET-frighten-     IHT-3p
    `I know they were frightened.'
Example #9:

    Ki-miywyihtamw-2-n                 ksi-nhiyaw-t5?
    2-like-DIR?-N                      thus:CNJ-speak.Cree-3
    `Do yous like (with respect to him) the way he talks Cree?'
Example #10:

    b. Nit-cimiso-h-2-w5.
    `I made him tell a story about himself.'
Example #11:

    c. Nit-cimiso-h-ikw2-w5.
    `He made me tell a story about myself.'
Example #12:

    a2. *Ni-kiskyim-im1-2-w5-a7 George                           -skih-2-t                 o-kosis-a.
    1-know-SDIR-DIR-3-OBV                    G.              CNJ-love-DIR-3            3-son-OBV
    Both: `I know Georgeprox loves his                       sonsobv.' (a2 intended)
Example #13:

    b2. *Ni-kiskyim-2-w5                 George            -skih-iko2-t               o-kosis-a.
    1-know-DIR-3-OBV                 G.                CNJ-love-INV-3             3-son-OBV
    Both: `I know his            sons         love Georgeprox.' (b2 intended)
Example #14:

    d. Kahkiyaw skih-ikw2-w5-ak                     o-tnis-iww-a              iskww-ak.
    all              love-INV-3-3p             3-daughter-3p-OBV         woman-3pPROX
    Not: `All their daughters love the women.'
Example #15:

    ... mna say               mihct          -nipah-in-t5-ik                      ayahciyiniw-ak.
    also      already many              CNJ-kill-INDEF.A/PASS-3-3p Blackfoot-3pPROX
    `...and that already many Blackfoot had been slain.'