ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kai von Fintel and Sabine Iatridou (2005). Anatomy of a modal.

URL: http://mit.edu/fintel/www/anatomy.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3614&langcode=ell (2020-08-07).

 

Example #1:

    End
    End
    "If you want good cheese you only have to go to the North End"
Example #2:

    (22)      An thes      kalo tiri   prepi na pas    sto North End
    If want/2.sg good cheese must na go/2.sg to-the North End
    `If you want good cheese you must go to the North End'
Example #3:

    (24)      An thes      kalo tiri   dhen chriazete para na pas sto North End
    If want/2.sg good cheese NEG need       except na go to-the North End
    `If you want good cheese you only need to go to the North End'
Example #4:

    (30)       Dhen chriazete na figis
    NEG need       na leave
    `You don't need to leave'                           NEG      modal (deontic)
Example #5:

    (37)      Dhen prepi na ine eki
    NEG must be there
    `He must not be there'                                         modal       NEG (
Example #6:

    (38)      Dhen prepi na to kanume afto )
    NEG must it do thi
    `We must not do this'                                             modal       NE
Example #7:

    (39)      prepi na min ine eki
    must NEG be there
    `He must not be there'                                         modal       NEG (
Example #8:

    (49)     a.    Dhen irthe para mono o Yanis
    NEG came except only the Yanis
    `Nobody came except Yanis'
Example #9:

    b.    Irthe o Yanis
    came the Yanis
    `Yanis came'
Example #10:

    (50)     a.    Dhen idha para mono ton Yani
    neg I-saw except only the Yani
    `I didn't see anyone except Yani'
Example #11:

    b.    Idha ton Yani
    I-saw the Yani
    `I saw Yani'
Example #12:

    (105)     Oli i anthropi dhen echun aftokinito
    all the people NEG have car
    `It's not the case that all people have cars'                                  N
Example #13:

    (108)    Oli I anthropi dhen echun para ena aftokinito
    all the people NEG have PARA one car
    `all the people have only one car'                          universal    NEG
Example #14:

    (109)     Kathe kathigitis dhen echi para enan voitho
    every professor NEG has PARA one assistant
    `every professor has only one assistant'                    universal    NEG
Example #15:

    (iii)     o Yanis dhen chriazete na fai         tipota
    the John not needs eat anything
    `John does not need to eat anything.' NEG        need     NPI
Example #16:

    (137) *O Yanis echi na ine spiti tora
    the Yannis has NA is home now
    Attempted: `John has to be home now'
Example #17:

    echi
    has/3sg
    what he has.'
Example #18:

    mia fora tin evdhomadha
    one time the week
    per week'
Example #19:

    (145) *Echis     panda na kitas aristera ke dheksia prin perasis apenandi
    have/2.sg always look left and    right before pass across
    Attempted: `You always have to look left and right before crossing the street'
Example #20:

    (146) *Echo     na apofevgo to krasi ya dhio evdhomadhes
    have/1sg avoid the      wine for two weeks
    Attempted: `I have to abstain from wine for two weeks'
Example #21:

    (149)     Dhiavasa ta panda        ektos apo afto to vivlio
    I-read the everything except from this the book
    `I read everything except this book'
Example #22:

    (151)     Dhen dhiavasa tipota allo ektos apo afto to vivlio
    NEG read        nothing other except from this the book
    `I didn't read anything other than this book'
Example #23:

    (152)     Dhen dhiavasa tipota allo para (mono) afto to vivlio
    NEG read        nothing other para (only) this the book
    `I didn't read anything other than this book'
Example #24:

    (i)      *Irthan oli     para mono o Yanis
    came everyone para mono the Yanis
    attempted: `Did everyone come except John?'
Example #25:

    (ii)     *An erthun oli         para (mono) o Yanis . . .
    if come everyone para (mono) the Yannis . . .
    `If everyone besides John comes'
Example #26:

    (160)     Dhen irthe para (mono) o Yanis sto parti
    NEG came para (mono) o Yanis to-the party
    `Nobody came to the party except John'
Example #27:

    (169)     . . . to mono (pragma) pu echis         na kanis ine na pas sto North End
    . . . the only (thing) that have-2sg NA do is NA go to the NE
    `. . . the only thing you have to do is go to the North End'