ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sabine Mohr (2004). Clausal architecture and subject positions.

URL: http://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/opus/volltexte/2004/2012/pdf/Dissertation_Mohr.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3626&langcode=isl (2019-03-18).

 

Example #1:

    (15)    gr     rigndi (*a).                                        (Icelandic)
    yesterday rained (it)
    "Yesterday it rained."
Example #2:

    (17)     ... a      a        hafi rignt  gr.                                         (Icelandic)
    ... that Expl105 has rained yesterday
    "... that it rained yesterday."
Example #3:

    (3)    Mlaranum        lka       litirnir.                                   (Icelandic)
    the-painter-Dat like-3pl the-colours-Nom
    "The painter likes the colours."
Example #4:

    (8)      * lestarstina          er forsetinn         mttur.                                 (Icelandic)
    at train-station-the is president-the showed up
    "The president arrived at the station."
Example #5:

    (3)      a hafa margir jlasveinar bora bing.
    Expl have many X-mas trolls eaten pudding
    "Many Christmas trolls have eaten pudding."
Example #6:

    (8)      a eru mttir           rr menn.                                               (Icelandic)
    Expl are showed-up three men
    "There arrived three men."
Example #7:

    (13)     a.       a lesa margir stdentar bkur eftir Chomsky.                                (Icelandic)
    Expl read many students            books by      Chomsky
    "Many students read books by Chomsky."
Example #8:

    b.       *a lesa stdentarnir bkur eftir Chomsky.
    Expl read students-the books by Chomsky
    "The students read books by Chomsky."
Example #9:

    (23)     a.       a lesa margir stdentar bkur eftir Chomsky.                               (Icelandic)
    Expl read many students books by                  Chomsky
    "Many students read books by Chomsky."
Example #10:

    b.       *a lesa stdentarnir bkur eftir Chomsky.
    Expl read students-the books by Chomsky
    "The students read books by Chomsky."
Example #11:

    (i)      a hefur srhver kttur veri  eldhsinu.                (Icelandic; Vangsnes 2002, p. 48, (11c))
    Expl has each cat been in kitchen-the
    "Each cat has been in the kitchen."
Example #12:

    (ii)       a hafa bir    kettirnir ti ms.
    Expl have both    cats     eaten mouse
    "Both cats have   eaten a mouse."
Example #13:

    (i)      * lestarstina      er forsetinn     mttur.                                          (Icelandic)
    at train-station-the is president-the showed up
    "The president arrived at the station."
Example #14:

    (25)    a.     a hafa margir stdentar ekki lesi bkur eftir Chomsky. (Icelandic)
    Expl have many students not read books by Chomsky
    "Many students have not read books by Chomsky."
Example #15:

    (26)    a.     a eru mttir        rr menn.                              (Icelandic)
    Expl are showed-up three men
    "There arrived three men."
Example #16:

    b.     a eru rr menn mttir.
    Expl are three men showed up
    "There arrived three men."
Example #17:

    (i)      a var lami           stlkuna           klessu.           (Icelandic; M&S 2002, p. 98, (2))
    itEXPL was hit-neut.sg. the.girl-f.sg.ACC in a.mess
    "The girl was badly beaten. "
Example #18:

    (6)      a.      a rigndi ( gr).                                                     (Icelandic)
    Expl rained (yesterday)
    "It rained (yesterday)"
Example #19:

    b.       gr          rigndi (*a).
    yesterday rained       Expl
    "Yesterday, it rained."
Example #20:

    c.      Hann sagi, a        a hafi            rignt  gr.
    he      said    that Expl has-subjunc rained yesterday
    "He said that it rained yesterday."
Example #21:

    (8)     a.     a rigndi n          ess    a   a hafi snja.            (Icelandic)
    Expl rained without it-Gen that Expl had snowed
    "It rained without snowing."
Example #22:

    (5)   a.   Mr        er kalt.                            (Icelandic)
    me-Dat is cold
    "I feel cold."
Example #23:

    b.   *Mr         er a     kalt.
    me-Dat is it/Expl cold
    "I feel cold."
Example #24:

    c.   *a        er mr      kalt.
    it/Expl is me-Dat cold
    "I feel cold."
Example #25:

    d.   ... af vi    (a) mr          er kalt.
    ... because that me-Dat is cold
    "... because I feel cold."
Example #26:

    e.   *... af vi      a     er mr        kalt.
    ... because it/Expl is me-Dat cold
    "... because I feel cold."
Example #27:

    f.   *... af vi      mr      er a       kalt.
    ... because me-Dat is it/Expl cold
    "... because I feel cold."
Example #28:

    (6)      a.         Mig       kelur.
    me-Acc becomes-numb
    "I become numb."
Example #29:

    b.         *Mig         kelur           a.
    me-Acc becomes-numb it/Expl
    "I become numb."
Example #30:

    c.         *a      kelur             mig
    it/Expl becomes-numb me-Acc
    "I become numb."
Example #31:

    d.         ... af vi     mig     kelur.
    ... because me-Acc becomes-numb
    "... because I become numb."
Example #32:

    e.         *... af vi     a    kelur              mig.
    ... because it/Expl becomes-numb me-Acc
    "... because I become numb."
Example #33:

    f.         *... af vi    mig      kelur              a.
    ... because me-Acc becomes-numb it/Expl
    "... because I become numb."