ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sabine Mohr (2004). Clausal architecture and subject positions.

URL: http://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/opus/volltexte/2004/2012/pdf/Dissertation_Mohr.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3626&langcode=nld (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (2)      Er    heeft iemand een appel gegeten.                                                (Dutch)
    Expl has     someone an apple eaten
    "Someone has eaten an apple."
Example #2:

    (12)     a.       Er     heeft iemand een appel gegeten.                                           (Dutch)
    Expl has      someone an apple eaten
    "Someone has eaten an apple."
Example #3:

    b.       *Er      heeft zo-even de kanselier het toneel                betreden.
    Expl has      just       the chancellor the platform entered
    "The chancellor has just mounted the platform."
Example #4:

    (15)     a.       *(Er)      wordt gedanst.                                                     (Dutch)
    Expl is         danced
    "There is dancing."/"People are dancing."
Example #5:

    c.       Op het schip wordt (er)         gedanst.
    on the ship is         (Expl) danced
    "On the ship, there is dancing."/"On the ship, people are dancing."
Example #6:

    (28)     a.       Jan heeft (in de sloot) gesprongen.          (Dutch; cf. H&M 1990, (2a)/(13))
    Jan has     in the ditch jumped
    "Jan has jumped (in the ditch)."
Example #7:

    b.       Jan is in de sloot gesprongen.                                 (H&M 1990, (2b))
    Jan is in the ditch jumped
    "Jan has jumped into the ditch."
Example #8:

    (i)      a.       ... dat Jan de wagen met hooi belaadt.                       (Dutch; H&M 1990, (39a))
    ... that Jan the waggon with hay be-loads
    "... that Jan loads the waggon with hay."
Example #9:

    (1)      De voorstelling kwam maar heel stroef op gang.                                        (Dutch)
    the show            came only very slowly on going
    "The show got off to very grinding start."
Example #10:

    a.       Maar op het laatst werd gelachen.
    but     on the last was laughed
    "But in the end the audience laughed."
Example #11:

    b.       Maar op het laatst werd er           gelachen.
    but     on the last was Expl laughed
    "But in the end there were some people who laughed."
Example #12:

    (11)     a.      Er    heeft iemand een appel gegeten.                                     (Dutch)
    Expl has     someone an apple eaten
    "Someone has eaten an apple."
Example #13:

    b.      *Er     heeft zo-even de kanselier het toneel
    Expl has     just      the chancellor the platform entered
    "The chancellor has just mounted the platform."
Example #14:

    (13)     Er    werd gedanst.                                                                    (Dutch)
    Expl was danced
    "Some people (at the party) were dancing.", not: "All people (at the party)
Example #15:

    (i)      Er werd door iedereen gedanst.                                                           (Dutch)
    Expl was by everyone danced
    "Everyone was dancing."
Example #16:

    b.       Gisteren heeft het geregend.
    yesterday has      it   rained
    "Yesterday it rained."
Example #17:

    c.       ... dat het geregend heeft.
    ... that it rained      has
    "... that it has rained."