ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Peter Günther Öhl (2003). Economical Computation of Structural Descriptions in Natural Language.

URL: http://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/opus/volltexte/2003/1419/pdf/DissertationOehl.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3628&langcode=jpn (2018-04-26).

 

Example #1:

    (32)   a) John wa sono neko o           pettosyopu de    kat    ta
    John  TOP  this  cat  ACC  petshop  LOC  buy  PST
    'John bought this cat in the petshop.'
Example #2:

    b) John ga sono neko o pettosyopu de wa kat ta.
    John  NOM  this  cat  ACC  petshop  LOC  TOP  buy  PST
    ' John bought this cat in a PETSHOP (FOC).'
Example #3:

    (i) watasi wa John ga         nani o benkyosi-teiru no ka to               omou
    I - TOP - J. - NOM - what - ACC - studyIPF - CMP - Q - SPEECH - think
    "I am wondering, what John studied ".
Example #4:

    (168) a) John wa [PP [CP [Mary ga gengogaku o benk yousuru] no ] ni ] kizuite-inai.
    J.  TOP  M.  NOM  Lx  ACC  studies  CMP  DAT  notice - NEG
    "That Mary studies linguistics does not get a notice from John".
Example #5:

    b) [PP[CP [kare ga gengogaku o benk you-suru] koto ] ni ] wa nanno mondai mo nai
    NEG
    " There is no problem in the fact that he studies linguistics"
Example #6:

    (169) a) Mary wa John ga koohii o nomu no o mi-ta
    Mary - TOP - John - NOM - coffee - ACC - drinks - CMP - ACC - seePST
    "Mary saw that John drank coffee".
Example #7:

    (170) a) W atashi wa kare ga   benk yo shi-ta koto o shira-nakat-ta.
    I - TOP - he - NOM - study - doPST - CMP - ACC - know-NEG-PST
    (?) "I did not know the fact that he studies."
Example #8:

    yakusoku shi-ta.
    doPRS - CMP - ACC - promise - doPST
    (?) "I promised to m y students the fact that I will correct the exams soon".
Example #9:

    c) watasi wa anata ga gengogaku      o benk yosi-nai   koto o youk yusu-ru
    I  TOP - you - NOM - linguistics - ACC - studyNeg - CMP - ACC - demand
    (?) 'I demand the fact that you don't study linguistics.'
Example #10:

    b) Ken wa [yama ga moe-teiru ] no/*koto o mi-ta
    Ken - NOM - mountain - NOM - burnPRG - CMP - ACC - saw
    "Ken saw that the mountain is in fire."
Example #11:

    (173) [Ken wa doitu ni it-ta] koto/*no ga aru
    Ken  TOP  Germany  LOC  went  CMP  NOM  exist
    Lit.: "That Ken has been to Germany is real."
Example #12:

    (174) a) Hanako ga piano o kiku no o kiita.
    H.  NOM  piano  ACC  play  CMP  ACC  heared
    'I heard Hanako play the piano'.
Example #13:

    b) Hanako ga piano o kiku koto o kiita.
    H.  NOM  piano  ACC  play  CMP  ACC  heared
    'I heard that Hanako played the piano'.
Example #14:

    to kakushin shi-ta.
    bePRS - CMP - conviction doPST
    'Skinner was convinced language acquisition was mere conditioning.'
Example #15:

    c) watasi wa sono syonen ga gengogaku o benk yo-siteiru to it-ta
    I -TOP - this - boy - NOM - linguistics - ACC - studyIPF- CMP - sayPST
    'I said this boy was studying linguistics.'
Example #16:

    (183) W atashitachi-ga onaji k youmi o mot-tei-ru koto ga watashi nitotte ureshii koto da.
    - thing - bePRS
    "I am glad that we have the same interest".
Example #17:

    (184) [kare ga gengogaku o benkyousuru ] koto ga nanno mondai nimo nara-nai
    become-NEG
    That he studies linguistics does not do any harm.
Example #18:

    (185) [Mary ga gengogaku o benkyousiteiru] no ga odoroki-da (surprise+copula).
    Mary - NOM - Linguistics  ACC  study  CMP  NOM  surprise  is
    "It is surprising that Mary studies linguistics."
Example #19:

    (186) a) John wa sono neko o           pettosyopu de    kat    ta
    John  TOP  this  cat  ACC  petshop  LOC  buy  PST
    "John bought this cat in the petshop".
Example #20:

    b) sono neko wa John ga pettosyopu de kat ta.
    this  cat  TOP  John  NOM  petshop  LOC  buy  PST
    " This cat, John bought in the petshop".
Example #21:

    c) pettos yopu de wa John ga neko o kat ta.
    petshop  LOC TOP  John  NOM  a  cat  ACC buy  PST
    " In the petshop John bought a cat ".
Example #22:

    (187) watasi wa [ [S sono syonen ga gengogaku o benk yo-siteiru ] to ] it-ta
    I -TOP - this - boy - NOM - linguistics - ACC - studyIPF- FOC - sayPST
    'I said this boy studied linguistics.'
Example #23:

    hana     o     s yottu          motteki-ta] no    ka] to ] omo-u
    flower - ACC  not-at-least-sts - bringPST - CMP  Q - CMP - wonderPRS
    "Mary wonders why John not at least sometimes brings her flowers for
Example #24:

    (269) a) gengogaku o benk you  si-ro
    linguistics  ACC  study  doSJT-IMP
    'Study linguistics!'
Example #25:

    b) gengogaku o benk yu suru-na
    linguistics  ACC  study  do-NEG
    'Don't you study linguistics!'
Example #26:

    c) sokoni ire-reba   na
    there - stayPRV - EXC
    'If only I stayed there!'