ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

VALÉRIE GUÉRIN (2006). ON TOUGH CONSTRUCTIONS IN FRENCH.

URL: http://www.ling.hawaii.edu/research/WorkingPapers/wp-guerin.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3638&langcode=fra (2018-01-21).

 

Example #1:

    (7) (de/*) lire Moby Dick est difficile.
    (de/*) read Moby Dick is difficult
    `To read/reading MD is difficult.'
Example #2:

    (8) Il est difficile (pour Marie) de/* comprendre Jean.
    it is difficult (for Mary) de/* understand John
    `It is difficult (for Mary) to understand John.'
Example #3:

    (9) (pour Marie) Jean est difficile (*pour Marie) /*de comprendre (pour Marie).
    (for Mary) John is difficult ( for Mary) /*de understand (for Mary)
    `John is difficult to understand.'
Example #4:

    (21) Il est difficile (pour Marie) de/* comprendre Jean.
    it is difficult (for Mary) de/* understand John
    `It is difficult (for Mary) to understand John.'
Example #5:

    (22) Jean est difficile (*pour Marie) /*de comprendre.
    John is difficult (for Mary) /*de understand
    `John is difficult to understand.'
Example #6:

    (23) Le livre de/ Jean est /*de vendre.
    the book de/ Jean is /*de sell
    `John's book is on sale.'
Example #7:

    (24) a. Il est important de PRO passer  Paris.
    it is important de PRO go[-fin]  Paris
    `It is important to go to Paris.'
Example #8:

    b. Il est important que vous        passiez  Paris.
    it is important that you-pl go[+fin]  Paris
    `It is important that you go to Paris.'    (adapted from Huot 1981:33)
Example #9:

    (25) a. John aspire  prendre sa retraite.
    John aspires  take      his retirement
    `John aspires to take retirement.'
Example #10:

    b. John aspire  la retraite.
    John aspires  the retirement
    `John aspires to retirement.'          (adapted from Huot 1981:85)
Example #11:

    b. Il est facile de tous PRO convaincre Jean
    it is easy de all PRO convince Jean
    `It is easy to all convince John.'
Example #12:

    (28) a. Il est difficile pour moi (*pour lui) de comprendre John.
    it is difficult for me (*for him) de understand John
    `It is hard for me to understand John.'
Example #13:

    b. (Pour moi) Mary est difficile (*pour moi)  comprendre (pour moi).
    (for me) Mary is difficult (*for me)  understand (for me)
    `(For me) Mary is hard to understand (for me).'
Example #14:

    i. Je veux le faire.
    I want it do
    `I want to do it'
Example #15:

    (31) a. Marie est srement facile  contenter.
    Marie is surely     easy  please
    `Mary surely is easy to please.'
Example #16:

    (32) a. Il est facile de contenter Marie.
    it is easy de please Marie
    `It is easy to please Mary.'
Example #17:

    (33) Mary est difficile (*pour moi)  comprendre.
    Mary is difficult (*for moi)  understand
    `Mary is hard to understand.'
Example #18:

    (35) a. Ne pas (souvent) embrasser (souvent) John
    not      (often) kiss      (often) John
    `Not to often kiss John'
Example #19:

    (36) Il est facile de ne pas russir cette recette.
    it is easy de not succeed this recipe
    `It is easy not to get this recipe right.'
Example #20:

    (38) Il est facile de (souvent) russir (souvent) cette recette.
    it is easy de (often) succeed (often)        this recipe
    `It is easy to often get this recipe right.'
Example #21:

    (41) [IP il [est [AP difficile (pour moi) [CP (*pour moi) [C de ([NegP) [ comprendre Jean ]]]]]]]
    it is        difficult for me           for me       de (not) understand John
    `It is difficult (for me) to understand John.'
Example #22:

    (42) [IP pour moi [IP Jeani [est [AP difficile [vP [v  comprendre j (souvent) [VP <comprendre> j <Jean>i
    for me       John is       difficult          understand (often)
    `For me, John is difficult to often understand.'
Example #23:

    (52) Ce livre est difficile [AgrP Opi [Agr  ] ... [VP PRO rsumer   ti]].
    this book is difficult                               summarize
    `This book is difficult to summarize.'
Example #24:

    (54) [IP pour moi [IP Jeani [est [AP difficile [vP [v  comprendre j (souvent) [VP <comprendre> j <Jean>i
    for me       John is       difficult          understand (often)
    `For me, John is difficult to often understand.'
Example #25:

    (59) a. Elles sont/seront battues.
    they are / be-fut beaten
    `They are/will be beaten.'
Example #26:

    b. Elles sont/seront arrives.
    they are / be-fut arrived
    `They have/will have arrived.'
Example #27:

    (60) a. Elles ont t battues.
    they have been beaten
    `They were beaten.'
Example #28:

    b. John a dcid de/* partir.
    John has decided de     leave
    `John decided to leave.'
Example #29:

    (67) Beau  voir, triste  mourir
    nice  see, sad  die
    `Nice to look at, boring'