The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Denis Creissels (2001). A typology of subject marker and object marker systems in African languages.

URL: http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/Annuaires/PDF/Creissels/Creissels_2005_SM-OM.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3639&langcode=wol (2019-05-19).


Example #1:

    a. xale yi           naan      meew       mi
    child DEF.PL      drink     milk       DEF
    `The children drank the milk' (in a narrative context)
Example #2:

    b. xale yi            naan-naņu        meew       mi
    child DEF.PL      drink-TAM.SM3P milk         DEF
    `The children have drunk the milk' (perfect)
Example #3:

    c. xale yi           daņu          naan meew          mi
    child DEF.PL      VFOC.SM3P     drink milk         DEF
    `The children have drunk the milk' (with emphasis on the verb)
Example #4:

    b. Dama-ko-ko-y                      jox
    VFOC.SM1S-OM3S-OM3S-TAM          give
    `I'm giving it to it'