The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mario van de Visser (2006). The marked status of ergativity.

URL: http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2006-0926-200402/complete_text.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3667&langcode=eus (2018-12-19).


Example #1:

    a. ni      ibil-tzen         naiz
    1SG.ABS walk-IPFV         1SG.be.PRS
    `I am walking.'
Example #2:

    b. zu      ibil-tzen         zara
    2SG.ABS walk-IPFV         2SG.be.PRS
    `You are walking.'
Example #3:

    d. ni-k    zu                garbi-tzen   zaitu-t
    1SG-ERG 2SG.ABS           wash-IPFV    2SG.have.PRS-1SG.A
    `I am washing you.'
Example #4:

    zu-k    ni       garbi-tzen nau-zu
    2SG-ERG 1SG      wash-IPFV 1SG.have.PRS-2SG.A
    `You are washing me.'
Example #5:

    a. gizon      guzti-ek   ja-ten              du-te                      sagar-rak
    man        all-PL.ERG eat-IPFV            3.have.PRS-3PL.A           apple-PL
    `All the men are eating apples.'
Example #6:

    b. emakume-ak    neska guzti-ak                  garbi-tzen du-
    woman-DEF.ERG girl  all-PL                    wash-IPFV 3.have.PRS-3SG.A
    `The woman is washing all the girls.'