The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ellen Woolford (1993). Symmetric and Asymmetric Passives.

URL: http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/Woolford%20Symmetric%20and%20Asymmetric%20Passives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3705&langcode=deu (2020-08-04).


Example #1:

    a. Sie haben den Jungen das Lied         gelehrt.
    they have the boy-acc the song-acc taught
    'They have taught the boy the song.'
Example #2:

    b. *dann ist den Jungen das Lied       gelehrt worden
    then is the boy-acc the song-nom taught been
    'then the song was taught the boy'
Example #3:

    c. ?dann ist der Junge   das Lied      gelehrt worden
    then is the boy-nom the song-acc taught been
    'then the boy was taught the song'
Example #4:

    (i) Er kriegt ein Buch geschenkt.
    he got    a     book sent
    'He had a book sent (to him)'.
Example #5:

    (ii) Er kriegt die Gläser gewaschen.
    he got     a    glass washed
    'He had a glass washed (for him).'
Example #6:

    (iii) Er bekommt ein Bein amputiert.
    he got      a    leg amputated
    'He had (his) leg amputated.'
Example #7:

    a. Das   Mädchen schenkte dem Jungen ein Buch.
    the  girl/NOM gave     the boy/DAT a book/ACC
    'The  girl gave they boy a book.'
Example #8:

    b.   Ein Buch     wurde dem Jungen von dem Mädchen geschenkt.
    a   book/NOM was   the boy/Dat by the girl    given
    'A book was given to the boy by the girl.'
Example #9:

    c. *Der Junge   wurde von dem Mädchen ein Buch     geschenkt.
    the boy/NOM was   by the girl     a   book/ACC given
    'The boy was given a book by the girl.'
Example #10:

    a. Wir    tanzten         gestern.
    we:nom dance-past:1pl yesterday
    'We danced yesterday.'
Example #11:

    b. Es wurde gestern    von uns getanzt.
    it became yesterday by us dance:p.part
    'There was dancing by us yesterday.'
Example #12:

    a. Er      tötete       den     Löwen.
    he:nom kill-past:3s the:acc lion-acc
    'He killed the lion.'
Example #13:

    b. *Es wurde den      Löwen    getötet.
    it became the:acc lion:acc kill:p.part
    ('The lion was killed'). (lit: 'It was killed the lion.')
Example #14:

    c.   Der     Löwe     wurde von ihm getötet.
    the:nom lion:nom became by him kill:p.part
    'The lion was killed by him.'