ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ellen Woolford (1993). Symmetric and Asymmetric Passives.

URL: http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/Woolford%20Symmetric%20and%20Asymmetric%20Passives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3705&langcode=kin (2018-06-19).

 

Example #1:

    a. Umugabo y-a-haa-ye      umugóre igitabo.
    man     he-pst-give-asp woman   book
    'The man gave the woman the book.'
Example #2:

    Umugóre a-rá-hé-er-a           umugabo ímbwa ibíryo.
    woman   she-pres-give-appl-asp man     dog   food
    'The woman is giving food to the dog for the man.'
Example #3:

    a. Umugabo a-ra-andik-iish-a       íbárúwa íkárámu.
    man     he-pres-write-instr-asp letter pen
    'The man is writing a letter with the pen.'
Example #4:

    a. Umuhuûngu   y-a-andik-iish-ir-ije       umukoôbwa íbárúwa íkárámu.
    boy        he-pst-write-instr-appl-asp girl      letter pen
    'The boy  wrote the letter with the girl's pen.'
Example #5:

    a. Úmwáalímu y-a-andik-iish-ije      imibáre íngwa ku kíbááho.
    teacher    he-pst-write-instr-asp math    chalk on blackboard
    'The teacher wrote with chalk math on the blackboard.'
Example #6:

    Umugabo y-a-haa-ye      umugóre igitabo.
    man     he-pst-give-asp woman   book
    'The man gave the woman the book.'
Example #7:

    a. Umugabo   y-a-kí-mu-haa-ye.
    man      he-pst-it-him-give-asp
    'The man  gave it to him.'