ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sang Doh Park and John Whitman (2003). Direct Movement Passives in Korean and Japanese.

URL: http://ling.cornell.edu/people/Whitman/SDPJBW2005JKPassive.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3759&langcode=kor (2019-04-22).

 

Example #1:

    b. Hayan kong i Big Choy ey uyhay(e) nophi chyeollye-ci-ess-ta. (K)
    white ball NOM Big Choi by               high hit.up-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `A white ball was hit high in the air by Big Choi.'
Example #2:

    b. Cwuuy ka       Chelswu ey uyhay(e) kiwulye-ci-ess-ta.                            (K)
    attention NOM Chelswu by            devote-PASS-PAST-                 DEC
    `Attention was devoted by Chelswu.'
Example #3:

    ponay-ci-ess-ta.
    send-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `Something was sent by the committee to every house.'
Example #4:

    b. *Sakwa ka      Chelswu eykey       mek-hi-ess-ta.            (K)
    apple NOM Chelswu DAT             eat-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `An apple was eaten by Chelswu.'
Example #5:

    b. Nwukwunka ka nwukwuna eykey cap-hi-ess-ta.              (K)
    someone NOM everyone DAT          catch-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `Someone was caught by everyone.'
Example #6:

    Iraq ey     ponay-ci-ess-ta.
    Iraq to     send-PASS-PAST-DEC
    The president was unwilling to send John to Iraq.
Example #7:

    (9) a. Turandot ka manhun umhak ayhoka ey uyhay culkie-ci-ess-ta. (K)
    Turandot NOM many music lover by             enjoy-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `Turandot was enjoyed by many music lovers.'
Example #8:

    (11)    Kamsacang         un ku eykey cisa ey uyhay ponay-ci-ess-ta. (K)
    thanks certificate TOP him to governor by send-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `The certificate of appreciation was sent to him by the governor.'
Example #9:

    (13) a. Wuywenhoy ka Chelswu eykey/lul sang ul            cwu-ess-ta.
    committee NOM Chelswu DAT/ACC prize ACC give-PAST-DEC
    `The committee gave Chelswu a prize.'
Example #10:

    b.*Chelswu ka wuywenhoy ey uyhay sang ul cwue-ci-essta.
    Chelswu NOM committee by            prize ACC give-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `Chelswu was given a prize by the committee.'
Example #11:

    cwue-ci-essta.
    give-PASS-PAST-DEC
    `Chelswu was given a prize by the committee.'
Example #12:

    (14) Chelswu ka wuywenhoy ey uyhay sang i         cwue-ci-essta.
    Chelswu NOM committee by           prize NOM give-PASS-PAST-        DEC
    `Chelswu was given a prize by the committee.'
Example #13:

    (17) Nay ka ai *eykey/lul seys yenge lul kaluchi-ess-ta.                                       (K)
    I NOM child DAT/ACC three English ACC teach-PAST-DEC
    `I taught English to three children.'
Example #14:

    (19) [John i   ton    lul cwu-n      kes-un] Mary eykey/*lul (i)-ta.
    John NOM money ACC give-PAST COMP-TOP Mary DAT/ACC be-DEC
    `Who John gave money is Mary.'
Example #15:

    (27) a. Wuywenhoy ka      Chelswu lul sang ul          cwu-ess-ta.
    committee NOM Chelswu ACC prize ACC give-PAST-DEC
    `The committee gave a prize to Chelswu.'
Example #16:

    b. John i    Mary lul son lul       puthcapassta.   (Kang 1986: 84)
    John NOM Mary ACC hand ACC caught
    `John caught Mary by the hand.'
Example #17:

    c. Chelswu ka chayk lul sey sikan lul ilkessta. (Maling 1989)
    Chelswu NOM book ACC 3 hours ACC read
    `Chelswu read a book for three hours.'