ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Hoa Pham (1998). Cognate objects in Vietnamese transitive verbs.

URL: http://r1.chass.utoronto.ca/twpl/pdfs/twpl17/TWPL17_pham.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3799&langcode=vie (2019-03-24).

 

Example #1:

    2 . a. No     cuoi [nu cuoi khieukhich].
    he    smile class smile provocative
    'He smiles a provocative smile.'
Example #2:

    b. Hien gap       [mot gap (rau)].
    Hien pick a pick (vegetables)
    'Hien picks a pick of vegetables'.
Example #3:

    c. Ti      da     [mot da]      (vao Hien).
    Ti      kick a kick on           Hien
    'Ti kicked (Hien) a kick'.
Example #4:

    d. Hien kinhtrong        cha (voi) [mot su            kinhtrong                   dacbiet].
    Hien respect          father (with) a        class respect                     special
    'Hien respects her father with a special respect'.
Example #5:

    (1) a . Hien gap cho Ti [mot gap (rau)].
    Hien pick for Ti a pick (vegetables)
    Hien picked Ti a pick (of vegetables)'.
Example #6:

    b. Hien kinhtrong (voi) [mot su kinhtrong dacbiet] doivoi cha.
    Hien respect        (with) a     respect       special toward father
    ` Hien respects (with) a special respect toward her father'.
Example #7:

    c. Ti da Hien [mot da].
    Ti kick Hien a kick
    ` Ti kicked Hien a kick'.
Example #8:

    ?Hien muoi ca             [bang muoi]
    Hien salt      eggplant with salt coarse
    'Hien salted eggplants with kitchen salt.'
Example #9:

    ?Ti son        tuong      [bang son]
    Ti      paint wall        with paint white
    'Ti painted the wall with white paint.'
Example #10:

    ?Ti du         [o     cai    du]
    Ti      swing on      class swing behind      house
    'Ti is swinging on the swing in the backyard.'
Example #11:

    7 . a. No      bo          [mot bo          (cui)].
    he      bundle      a      bundle    (firewood)
    'He bundles a bundle of firewood'.
Example #12:

    b. Ti quan [mot quan (thuoc)].
    Ti roll a           roll (cigarette)
    'Ti rolled a roll of cigarette'.
Example #13:

    c. Hien voc        [mot voc (nuoc)].
    Hien draw a             draw (water)
    'Hien drew a handful of water'.
Example #14:

    9 . a. Ti bo      cui.
    Ti chop firewood
    'Ti chops firewood into pieces.'
Example #15:

    b. Ti bo      [mot bo].
    Ti chop a         chop
    'Ti chops a chop.'
Example #16:

    c. *Ti bo          [mot bo     (cui)].
    Ti     chop a         chop (firewood)
    'Ti chops a chop of firewood.'
Example #17:

    10. a. Ti      da    toi.
    Ti      kick me
    'Ti kicked me.'
Example #18:

    b. Ti      da [mot da].
    Ti     kick a        kick
    'Ti   kicked a kick'
Example #19:

    c. Ti        da     [mot da]      vao   toi.
    Ti        kick a        kick   on    me
    'Ti   kicked me a kick.'
Example #20:

    11. a. Ti     bo      cui.
    Ti     chop firewood
    'Ti chops firewood.'
Example #21:

    b. Ti      bo      [mot bo].
    chop a        chop
    'Ti chops a chop.'
Example #22:

    c. *Ti bo         [mot bo + cui].
    chop a         chop firewood
    'Ti chops a chop of firewood.'
Example #23:

    d. *Ti bo         cui       [mot bo].
    chop firewood a           chop
    'Ti chops firewood a chop.'
Example #24:

    e. *Ti bo         [mot bo] vao cui.
    chop a         chop on       fire wood
    'Ti chops a chop on firewood.'
Example #25:

    12. a. Ti     bo      khuc cui.
    chop class fire wood
    'Ti chops a chop on a piece of firewood.'
Example #26:

    c. Ti     bo      [mot bo] vao         khuc cui.
    chop a         chop on       class firewood
    'Ti chops a chop on a piece of firewood.'
Example #27:

    13. a. Toi nho           Hien (voi)      [mot noinho sausac].
    I        miss Hien (with)         a      miss     deep
    'I missed Hien a deep miss.'
Example #28:

    14. a. Ti      phebinh toi       [mot su        phebinh gaygat].
    Ti       criticize me     a       class criticism sharp
    'Ti criticized me a sharp criticism.'
Example #29:

    15. a. Ho       chaodon nha nghesi           [mot su     chaodon           nongnhiet].
    They welcome class actor              a     class welcoming         warm
    'They gave a warm welcome to the actor.'
Example #30:

    16. a. Hien gap         [mot gap].
    Hien pick a             pick
    'Hien picked a pick.'
Example #31:

    b. Ti       bo          [mot bo].
    Ti      bundle      a      bundle
    'Ti bundled a bundle.'
Example #32:

    c. Ti      da       [mot da].
    Ti      kick a          kick
    'Ti kicked a kick.'
Example #33:

    d. * Hien      kinhtrong      [mot     su    kinhtrong].
    Hien        respect        a        class respect
    'Hien respects a respect.'
Example #34:

    e. * No phebinh [mot su                phebinh].
    He      criticize a        class    criticism
    'He criticized a criticizm.'
Example #35:

    17. a. [Mot gap] duoc (Hien)             gap.
    a      pick pass Hien            pick
    `A pick was picked (by Hien).'
Example #36:

    b. [Mot bo]             duoc (Ti) bo.
    a      bundle      pass Ti       bundle
    'A bundle was bundled (by Ti).'
Example #37:

    c. [Mot da]         duoc (Ti ) da        (vao toi).
    a      kick pass Ti          kick on        me
    'A kick was kicked (on me) (by Ti).'
Example #38:

    d. *[Mot su kinhtrong         dacbiet] duoc (Hien)      kinhtrong.
    a      class respect special         pass Hien      respect
    'A special respect was respected (by Hien).'
Example #39:

    e. *[Mot s u        phebinh gaygat] duoc (no) phebinh.
    a      class criticism sharp         pass he    criticize
    'A sharp criticizm was criticized (by him).'
Example #40:

    18. a. [Mot gap] gap de.
    a    pick pick easily
    'A pick is easily picked.'
Example #41:

    b. [Mot bo]          bo     de.
    a      chop chop easily
    'A chop is easily chopped.'
Example #42:

    c. [Mot da]         da     de.
    a      kick kick easily
    'A kick is easily kicked.'
Example #43:

    d. *[Mot su         kinhtrong      dacbiet]     kinhtrong      de.
    a      class respect           special      respect        easily
    'A special respect is easily respected.'
Example #44:

    e. *[Mot s u        thathu]        thathu       de.
    a      class forgiveness forgive            easily
    'A forgiveness is easily forgiven.'
Example #45:

    19. a. Ti       lam     [mot bo].
    Ti      do      a      bundle
    'Ti did a bundle.'
Example #46:

    b. Ti        lam     [mot da].
    Ti      do      a      kick
    'Ti did a kick'
Example #47:

    c. *Hien lam        [mot su         kinhtrong      dacbiet].
    Hien do         a      class    respect        special
    'Hien did a special respect.'
Example #48:

    d. *Ti      lam     [mot su         thathu         dedai].
    Ti      do      an     class    forgiveness    easy
    'Ti did an easy forgiveness.'
Example #49:

    2 0 . a. Q:    Ti bo      cai gi?
    Ti bundle      what
    'What did Ti bundle?'
Example #50:

    A:     Ti bo      [mot bo           (cui)]
    Ti bundle a        bundle    (firewood)
    'Ti bundled a bundle (of firewood)'
Example #51:

    b. *Hien kinhtrong        cha cai gi?
    Hien respect          father what
    'What did Hien respect her father?'
Example #52:

    22. a. *Ti     bo         cui           [mot bo].
    Ti     bundle     firewood      a bundle
    'Ti bundled a bundle of firewood.'
Example #53:

    b. Hien giupdo         toi     [mot su      giupdo tantinh].
    Hien help         me      a     class help devoted
    'Hien helped me a devoted help.'
Example #54:

    23. a. Hien               gap tung [gap].
    pick every pick
    'Hien picked every pick.'
Example #55:

    b.    Hien bo               nhung     [bo        lon].
    bundle       pl        bundle     big
    'Hien bundled big bundles.'
Example #56:

    c.    Hien cuoc may                   [cuoc]?
    hoe      how many hoe
    'How many hoes did Hien hoe?'
Example #57:

    d.    Ti       da       [tung (nhung) da             manh]     (vao toi).
    kick every some            strong     kick      on me
    'Ti kicked every (some) strong kick (on me).'
Example #58:

    e.    Ai            do      bo     [mot bo].
    someone that chop a                 chop
    'Someone chopped a chop.'
Example #59:

    f.    Cau be            muc xong          [mot muc].
    a        boy      ladle already a ladle
    'The boy already ladled a ladle.'
Example #60:

    2 4 . a.   *Ti       phebinh toi         tung [su      phebinh gaygat].
    criticize me        every class criticizm sharp
    'Ti criticized me every sharp criticism.'
Example #61:

    b.   *Ti       kinhtrong       cha nhung         [su    kinhtrong      dacbiet].
    respect         father pl         class respect         special
    'Ti respects his father special respects.'
Example #62:

    c.   *Anh giupdo            ho     baonhieu      [su    giupdo     tantinh]?
    You           help       them how many class help                devoted
    'How many devoted supports did you help them?'
Example #63:

    d.   *Ai            do      nguongmo me          [su    nguongmo tuyetdoi].
    someone that admire                 mother class admire          absolute
    `Someone admires his mother an absolute admire.'
Example #64:

    e.   *Co gai            da thathu changtrai xong [mot su thathu                lanhnhat].
    a        girl     past forgive a man already a class forgiveness frigid
    'The girl already forgave the man a cold forgiveness.'
Example #65:

    25.        * Ti da     [mot da]      toi.
    Ti     kick a       kick me
    `Ti kicked a kick to me.'
Example #66:

    37. a. Nguoi     chu       thuong toi         ky     nghi he.
    class     employer reward     me      a       rest summer
    'The employer rewarded me a vacation.'
Example #67:

    b. Nguoi      chu thuong toi          [mot su         tuongthuong haophong].
    class     employer reward me      a       class rewarding     generous
    'The employer rewarded me a generous rewarding.'
Example #68:

    c. * Nguoi chu thuong toi ky nghi he [mot su tuongthuong haophong].
    class employer reward me a rest summer a class rewarding generous
    'The employer rewarded me a vacation a generous rewarding.'
Example #69:

    38. a. Co     day    toi   tieng   Viet.
    she teach me language Vietnamese
    'She taught me Vietnamese.'
Example #70:

    b. C o    day    toi    [mot su        daydo   tantuy].
    she teach me a              class teaching devoted
    'She taught me a devoted teaching.'
Example #71:

    c. * Co day      toi    tieng      Viet [mot su       daydo   tantuy].
    she teach me language Viet a                class teaching devoted
    'She taught me Vietnamese a devoted teaching.'
Example #72:

    39. Viec nguoi chu thuong toi ky nghi he la [su tuongthuong haophong].
    thing class employer reward me class rest summer be class rewarding generous
    'That the employer rewarded me a vacation is a generous rewarding.'
Example #73:

    41. a. Ti      so      [mot noi so         vo         co].
    Ti      fear    a      class fear no           reason
    'Ti feared an inexplicable fear.'
Example #74:

    b. Thanhpho         bandem dep          [mot       ve    dep      rucro].
    city            at night beautiful a           class beauty   gorgeous
    'The city is gorgeously beautiful at night.'
Example #75:

    c. Cau be          vui [mot niemvui               onao].
    Det boy         happy      a happiness         noisy
    'The boy was noisily happy.'
Example #76:

    d. Chan troi      tim       [mau         tim         chet].
    leg    sky     purple    colour       purple      dead
    'The horizon is deadly purple.'
Example #77:

    e. Nguoi      tu         tam [mot cai             tam    sangkhoai].
    person     prison     bath a          class    bath   pleasant
    'The prisoner had a pleasant bath.'
Example #78:

    f. Cai l y        nut [vet nut           dai].
    class glass crack a           crack long
    'The glass cracks a long crack.'
Example #79:

    g. Trai buoi         chin [cai chin               dau             mua].
    class pomelo ripe a               ripeness     beginning       season
    'The pomelo fruit is ripe at the beginning     of the season.'
Example #80:

    4 2 . a. * [Mot n o i       so     vo      co]         duoc (Ti) s o .
    a       class fear no         reason      pass Ti      fear
    'An inexplicable fear is feared (by Ti).'
Example #81:

    b. * [Mot ve           dep        rucro]      depde.
    a       class beauty      gorgeous beautiful
    'A gorgeous beauty is easily beautiful.'
Example #82:

    c. * Cau       be     vui        tung [niem vui               onao].
    class little happy        every class happiness        noisy
    'The little boy is happy every noisy happiness.'
Example #83:

    d. * Ai        do     dep        [mot ve         dep      kindao].
    someone that beautiful a              class beauty     hidden
    'Someone is beautiful a hidden beauty.'
Example #84:

    e. * Cai ly        da     nut xong           [vet nut dai].
    class glass past crack already            class crack long
    'The glass already cracked a long crack.'
Example #85:

    (43) Datnuoc toi buon trienmien (voi) [noibuon chientranh].
    country my sad          endless     with a sadness war
    'My country is continually sad with a sadness of war.'
Example #86:

    44. a. Ti      thet [mot tieng thet                lon].
    Ti      scream      a class scream          big
    'Ti screamed a big scream.'
Example #87:

    b. [Mot tieng thet              lon] duoc thet              len.
    a       class scream big pass scream up
    'A big scream was screamed.'
Example #88:

    c. [Tieng      thet]       thet        de.
    class       scream      scream easy
    'A scream screams easily.'
Example #89:

    d. Co      gai     thet        [nhung tieng thet               lon].
    class girl      scream pl               class scream big
    'The girl screamed big screams.'
Example #90:

    e. Ai          do      da      thet        [mot tieng thet           lon].
    someone that past scream                a       class scream      big
    'Someone screamed a big scream.'
Example #91:

    f. Co      thet       xong         [tieng thet]        thi     ngat di.
    she scream          already a           scream then faint prt
    'She fainted after screaming.'