ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dieter Wunderlich (2002). ON THE NATURE OF DATIVE IN HUNGARIAN.

URL: http://web.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~wdl/Ung-dat-neu.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 381&langcode=hun (2019-07-20).

 

Example #1:

    (9)    a. Anna    Péter-nek       adott egy könyv-et
    Anna    Peter-DAT       gave a book-ACC
    `Anna   gave a book to Peter'
Example #2:

    b. Anna    Péter-nek       el-mesélt    egy történet-et
    Anna    Peter-DAT       PV-recounted a story-ACC
    `Anna   told a story to Peter'
Example #3:

    b. A fiúk-nak     egymás-t         mutattam            be.       .
    the boys-DAT each.other-ACC introduced.DEF.1sg PV (see KVF 147:426b)
    `I introduced the boys to each other.'
Example #4:

    (13)    a. Fel-olvas-t-am        a lány-nak Péter könyv-é-t.
    PV-read-PAST-1sg      the girl-DAT Peter book-3sgP-ACC
    `I read Peter's book to the girl.'
Example #5:

    b. Meg-javít-otta        nek-em a feleség-em szemüveg-é-t.
    PV-repair-PAST.3sg DAT-1sgP the wife-1sgP glass(es)-3sgP-ACC
    `He repaired my wife's glasses for me.'
Example #6:

    c. Meg-talál-t-am        nek-i        a helyesírási hibá-k-at.
    PV-find-PAST-1SG      DAT-3sgP the orthographic mistake-PL-ACC.
    `I found out the spelling errors for her.'
Example #7:

    (14)    a. Péter Anná-nak tartja               a lámpa-já-t.
    Peter Anna-DAT hold.DEF.3sg the lamp-3sgP-ACC
    ii. `Peter holds Anna's lamp.'
Example #8:

    b. Péter fel-olvas-t-a         a lány-nak    a könyv-é-t.
    Peter PV-read-PAST-3sg the girl-DAT the book-3sgP-             ACC
    ii. `Peter read the girl's book (to someone).'
Example #9:

    (i) *János meg-ért-et-te                   Mari-nak a feladat-ot.
    Janos PV-understand-CAUS-PAST Mary-DAT the task
    `Janos made Mary the task intelligible.'
Example #10:

    (15)   a. Anna könyv-et olvas-tat        Péter-rel.
    Anna book-ACC read-CAUS        Peter-INSTR
    `Anna has Peter read a book.' (KVF 360:877d)
Example #11:

    b. Márton küldet-ett           Nórá-val      egy csekk-et Évá-nak.
    Martin send.CAUS-PAST.3sg Nora-INSTR a check-ACC Eve-DAT
    `Martin made Nora send a check to Eve.' (KVF 288:582)
Example #12:

    (16)   a. Telefonál-t-ál             János-nak?
    telephone-PAST-INDEF.2sg John-DAT
    `Have you called John?' (KVF 199:34)
Example #13:

    (17)   a. A gyerek-nek      tetszett       a labda.
    the child-DAT     liked          the ball
    `The child liked the ball.'
Example #14:

    (18)   a. A katoná-t      mindenki halott-nak       hi-tt-e.
    the soldier-ACC everyone dead-DAT         believe-PAST-DEF.3sg
    `Everyone believed the soldier to be dead' (KVF 203:70)
Example #15:

    (19)    a. A diák-ok        elégedett-nek     tu3n-nek.
    the student-pl   satisfied-DAT     appear-INDEF.3pl
    `The students appear satisfied' (KVF 202:61)
Example #16:

    b. a fiú-nak         a piros kalap-ja
    the boy-DAT       the red hat-3sgP
    `the boy's red     hat'
Example #17:

    (22)    a. a ló              fut-ás-a
    the horse.NOM run-NOML-3sgP
    `the running of the horse'
Example #18:

    b. a vadász          le-löv-és-e
    the hunter.NOM PV-shoot-NOML-3sgP
    *`the shooting by the hunter'
Example #19:

    (23)    a. a város-nak [az ellenség által-i] el-pusztít-ás-a
    the city-DAT [the enemy by-ADJ] PV-destroy-NOML-3sgP
    `the city's destruction by the enemy'
Example #20:

    b. Edit-nek       [az irodá-ban való]      levizsgáztat-ás-a
    Edith-DAT      [the office-INE being] examine-NOML-3sgP
    `the examination of Edith in the office' (Laczkó 1995: 103)
Example #21:

    (24)        az elnök-nek          az urná-hoz           járul-ás-a
    the president-DAT the ballot_box-ALL proceed-NOML-3sgP
    `the president's going to the ballot box' (Laczkó 1995: 128)
Example #22:

    (25)    a. a könyv [Anna-nak való]          fel-olvas-ás-a
    the book [Anna-DAT being] PV-read-NOML-3sgP
    `the reading of the book to Anna'
Example #23:

    c. Péter gazember-nek nevez-és-e
    Peter bastard-DAT         call-NOML-3sgP
    `calling Peter a bastard'
Example #24:

    (27)   a. A fiú-nak       van piros kalap-ja.
    the boy-DAT     be      red     hat-3sgP.NOM
    `The boy has    a red hat.'
Example #25:

    (29)   a. Péter-nek       fontos       magyar-ul       beszél-ni-e.
    Peter-DAT       important    Hungarian-ESS speak-INF-3sgP
    `For Peter it is important   to speak Hungarian.'
Example #26:

    b. Dorottyá-nak sok-at          kellene olvas-ni-a.
    Dorothy-DAT much-ACC         ought.to read-INF-3sgP
    `Dorothy ought to read a     lot.' (KVF 314:691)
Example #27:

    (30)   a. Kellemetlen János-nak         az igazság-ot      bevalla-ni-(a).
    unpleasant John.DAT           the truth-ACC      admit-INF-3sgP
    `It is unpleasant for John to admit the truth.' (Tóth 11:2a)
Example #28:

    b. János-nak kellemetlen volt, hogy Kati bevallotta            az igazság-ot.
    John.DAT unpleasant was that Kate admitted-3sg the truth-ACC
    `It is unpleasant for John that Kate admitted the truth.' (Tóth 14:10a)
Example #29:

    (31)   a. Ilyen hidegben a tónak           már       be   kell fagy-ni-a.
    such cold-INESS the lake-DAT already PV          must freeze-INF-3sg
    `In such a cold weather the lake must already   freeze.' (Tóth 18: 20a)
Example #30:

    a. Nem kell a torták.nak délre            kész     len-ni-ük.
    not    must the cakes-DAT by.noon ready         be-INF-3plP
    `The cakes do not have to be ready by noon.'    (Tóth 34: 48c)
Example #31:

    (32)   a. Illetlenség volt Pál-tól/Pál-nak             ilyen késo3n érkez-ni-e.
    impoliteness was Paul-ABL/Paul-DAT so late                   arrive-INF-3sgP
    `It was impolite of/for Paul to arrive so late.' (Tóth 44: 64a, 65)
Example #32:

    b. *Pál-tól/Pál-nak ilyen késo3n érkez-ni-e,            az illetlenség volt.
    Paul-ABL/Paul-DAT so late          arrive-INF-3sgP that impoliteness was
    `For Paul to arrive so late, that was impolite.' (Tóth 45: 67a,b)
Example #33:

    (33)   a. Butaság volt Kati-nak ilyen türelmetlen-nek len-ni-e.
    silliness was Kate-DAT so            impatient-DAT be-INF-3sgP
    `It was silly for Kate to be so impatient.' (Tóth 49: 77b)
Example #34:

    b. Illetlenség volt Mari-tól ilyen türelmetlen-nek len-ni-e.
    impoliteness was Mary-ABL so             impatient-DAT be-INF-3sgP
    `It was impolite of Mary to be so impatient.' (Tóth 49: 78a)
Example #35:

    (36)    a. Kellemetlen az igazság-ot bevalla-ni-a.
    unpleasant the truth-ACC admit-INF-3sgP
    `It is unpleasant for him/her to admit the truth.' (Tóth 11: 3a)
Example #36:

    b. Kellemetlen az igazság-ot bevalla-ni.
    unpleasant the truth-ACC admit-INF
    `It is unpleasant to admit the truth.' (Tóth 12: 4a)
Example #37:

    (37)    a. *Péter-nek        fontos/nehéz            lányok            tetszeni-e/u3k.
    Peter-DAT         important/difficult     girls.NOM         like-3sgP/3plP
    `For Peter it   is important/difficult   to like girls.'
Example #38:

    b. Péter-nek         fontos/ nehéz           lányok-nak        tetszeni-e.
    Peter-DAT         important/difficult     girls-DAT         like-3sgP
    `For Peter it   is important/difficult   to be liked by    girls.'
Example #39:

    c. Péter-nek       fontos/nehéz          lányok-at      szeretni-e.
    Peter-DAT       important/difficult girls-ACC        love-3sgP
    `For Peter it is important/difficult to love girls.'
Example #40:

    (39)    a. Nem      hagy-om        o3t        megnéz-ni (*-e)      egy filmet    sem.
    not      let-1sg.DEF he-ACC watch-INF (-3sgP) a film-ACC not
    `I do   not let him watch a single film.'
Example #41:

    b. Nem      hagy-om        o3t        megnéz-ni azt a filmet.
    not      let-1sg.DEF he-ACC watch-INF           that the film-ACC
    `I do   not let him watch that film.'
Example #42:

    c. Nem      hagy-ok        neki       megnéz-ni-e      egy filmet     sem.
    not      let-1sg.INDEF he-DAT watch-INF-3sgP a film-ACC not
    `I do   not let him watch a single film.'
Example #43:

    (41)        (Én) Péter-t         jo-bb-an             szeret-em     nál-ad.
    I       Peter-ACC    good-COMP-ADV        love-1sg      ADE-2sgP
    `I love Peter more than you (love Peter)'                   [mint teNOM ]
Example #44:

    (42)   a. Anna több könyv-et ad-ott          Ferenc-nek Péter-nél.
    Anna more book-ACC give-PAST Ferenc-DAT Peter-ADE
    `Anna gave more books to Ferenc than to Peter.'
Example #45:

    b. Anna Péter-nél több könyv-et ad-ott          Ferenc-nek.
    Anna Peter-ADE more book-ACC give-PAST Ferenc-DAT
    `Anna gave more books to Ferenc than Peter (did).'
Example #46:

    (43)   a. Inkább a kert-ben            ült,       mint a ház-ban       /*ház-nál.
    more       the garden-INESS sat.3sg than the house-INE /house-ADE
    `She sat more in the garden than in the house.'
Example #47:

    b. Bélá-tól több level-et       kap-t-am,         mint Péter-to3l /*Péter-nél.
    Bela-ABL more letter-ACC receive-PAST-1sg than Peter-ABL /Peter-ADE
    `I received more letters from Béla than from Peter.'
Example #48:

    /*Péter-nél.
    /Peter-ADE
    `I more like to dance with Charlie than with Peter.'
Example #49:

    (44)   a. Nek-i      jobban    tetszik     a könyv        nál-am.
    DAT-3sg better       like        the book       ADE-1sgP
    `He/she likes the book more than I.'
Example #50:

    b. Anná-nak Péter-nél       nehez-ebb          franciául olvas-ni.
    Anna-DAT Peter-ADESS difficult-COMP French read-INF
    `For Anna it is more difficult to read French than for Peter.'
Example #51:

    c. Anná-nak több level-et      kell ír-ni-a          Péter-nél.
    Anna-DAT more letter-ACC need write-INF-3SGP Peter-ADESS
    `Anna has to write more letters than Peter.'
Example #52:

    d. A GB      fontos-abb        volt Anná-nak      Péter-nél.
    the GB important-COMP was Anna-DAT             Peter-ADE
    `GB was more important for Anna than for Peter.'
Example #53:

    (45)   a. Dániel-nek érdekes-ebb          könyv-e-i    vannak Péter-nél.
    Daniel.DAT interesting-COMP book-3SGP-PL are        Peter-ADE
    `Daniel has more interesting books than Peter.'
Example #54:

    b. Ez     inkább     Péter feladat-a, mint az enyém /*nál-am.
    DEM more         Peter task-3sgP than the mine     /ADE-1sgP
    `This is more Peter's task than mine.'
Example #55:

    (46)   a. Gyakra-bb-an        telefonál-t-am       nek-i      Péter-nél.
    often-COMP-ADV telephone-PAST-1sg DAT-3sgP Peter-ADE
    ii. ?? `I called him up more often at Peter'
Example #56:

    b. Gyakra-bb-an        telefonál-t-am       vel-e         Péter-nél.
    often-COMP-ADV telephon-PAST-1sg INSTR-3sgP Peter-ADE
    ii. * `I called him up more often than (I called up) Peter'