ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Shigeru Miyagawa (2002). THE NATURE OF WEAK ISLANDS.

URL: http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-946Fall-2004/3CBD93C0-9479-42A3-82DE-A66501DD48B7/0/ho_lct_9a_wk_ild.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3839&langcode=jpn (2018-10-18).

 

Example #1:

    (24) * Taroo-sika    nani-o    kawa-nakat-ta no?
    Taro-only     what-Acc buy-Neg-Past Q
    'What did only Taro buy?'
Example #2:

    (26)a.* Amuto mwues-ul ilk-ci-an-ass-ni?
    anyone what-Acc read-CI-not-do-past-Q
    `Who did no one read?'
Example #3:

    (29) a. * Taroo-sika nani-o       kawa-nakat-ta no?
    Taro-only what-Acc buy-Neg-Past Q
    'What did only Taro buy?'
Example #4:

    b.    Taroo-ga nani-o         kawa-nakat-ta no?
    Taro-Nom what-Acc buy-neg-Past          Q
    'What didn't Taro buy?'
Example #5:

    *Taroo-sika     nani-o      kawa-nakat-ta              no?
    Taro-only     what-Acc buy-Neg-Past                  Q
    'What did only Taro buy?'
Example #6:

    ??Dareka -ga    nani-o      katta no?
    someone-Nomwhat-Acc bought Q
    `Someone bought what?'
Example #7:

    ?* [John-ka Mary]-ga             nani-o                katta    no?
    [John-or Mary]-Nom          what-Acc              bought Q
    `John or Mary bought what?'
Example #8:

    ?*Dare-mo-ga        nani-o    katta     no?
    everyone-Nom what-Accbought           Q
    `Everyone bought what?'
Example #9:

    *Hotondo         dare-mo-ga      nani-o     katta no?
    almost          everyone-Nom what-Acc bought Q
    `Almost everyone bought what?'
Example #10:

    Nani-oi        Taroo-sika t i kawa-nakat-ta        no?
    what-Acci      Taro-only    t i buy-Neg-Past       Q
    'What did only Taro buy?'
Example #11:

    Nani-oi        dareka -ga       t i katta    no?
    hat-Acci       someone-Nom t i bought Q
    `What, someone bought?'
Example #12:

    Nani-oi        [John-ka Mary]-ga          t i katta       no?
    what-Acci      [John-or Mary]-Nom         t i bought Q
    `What, John or Mary bought?'
Example #13:

    Nani-oi      dare-mo-ga       t i katta    no?
    what-Acci everyone-Nom t i bought Q
    `What, everyone bought?'
Example #14:

    Nani-oi      hotondo dare-mo-ga         t i katta    no?
    what-Acci almost everyone-Nom t i bought Q
    `What, almost everyone bought?'
Example #15:

    (40) ? Nazei Hanako-ga     [t i Taroo-ga sigoto-o yameta to] omotteiru no?
    why i Hanako-Nom [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc quit       C] think      Q
    `Why does Hanako think that Taro quit his job?'
Example #16:

    *Naze i Hanako-sika [t i Taroo-ga sigoto-o yametato] omottei-nai                  no?
    why i Hanako-only [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc quit C] think-Neg-Past Q
    `Why does only Hanako think that Taro quit his job?'
Example #17:

    ?? Nazei dareka-ga           [t i Taroo-ga sigoto-o         yameta to] itta no?
    why i    someone-Nom [t i Taro-Nomjob-Acc               quit      C] said Q
    `Why did someone say that Taro quit his job?'
Example #18:

    * Nazei [John-ka Mary]-ga            [t i Taroo-ga        sigoto-oyameta to] itta no?
    why i [John-or Mary]-Nom           [t i Taro-Nom        job-Accquit     C] said Q
    `Why did John or Mary say that Taro quit his job?'
Example #19:

    ?* Nazei daremo-ga          [t i Taroo-ga        sigoto-o yameta to]      itta    no?
    why i everyone-Nom [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc quit                   C]    said Q
    `Why did everyone say that Taro quit his job?'
Example #20:

    * Nazei hotonto daremo-ga               [t i Taroo-ga sigoto-o yameta to]itta     no?
    why i    almost everyone-Nom [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc quit              C] said Q
    `Why did almost everyone say that Taro quit his job?'
Example #21:

    (42) ??Dareka -ga        nani-o      katta       no?
    someone-Nom what-Acc bought Q
    `Someone bought what?'
Example #22:

    (43) Nani-oi Hanako-sika [Taroo-ga t i katta         to] omottei-nai no?
    what i Hanako-only [Taro-Nom ti bought          C] think-Neg-Past   Q
    'What does only Hanako think that Taro bought?'
Example #23:

    a. Minna -ga        nani-o            katta    no?     (cf. Hoji 1986)
    all-Nom         what-Acc          bought Q
    'What did   all buy?'
Example #24:

    b. ? Nazei       minna-ga        [t i Taroo-ga   sigoto-o       yameta   to] omotteiru no?
    why i      all-Nom         [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc          quit     C] think      Q
    'Why do    all think that Taro quit his job?'
Example #25:

    J: *Nazei Hanako-sika [t i Taroo-ga sigoto-o yameta                 to] omottei-nai     no?
    why i Hanako-only [t i Taro-Nom job-Acc quit                    C] think-Neg-Past   Q
    `Why does only Hanako think that Taro quit his job?'
Example #26:

    (50) a. * Hanako-sika    dare-ni   erab-are-nakat-ta       no?
    Hanako-only    who-by choose-Pass-Neg-Past       Q
    'Who was chosen only by Hanako?'
Example #27:

    * Hanako-sika [Taroo-ga naze kono-hon-o katta ka] sira-nai              no?
    Hanako-only [Taro-Nom why this-book-Acc bought Q] know-Neg Q
    'Why does only Hanako know that Taro bought this book?'
Example #28:

    (59) *Gakusei-ga       daremo      kita.
    student-Nom everyone         came
    'Every student came.'
Example #29:

    (60) Gakusei-ga dareka   kita.
    student-Nom someone came
    'Some student came.'
Example #30:

    (61) a.   Taroo-ga      naze-ka        waratta.
    Taroo-Nom some.reason laughed
    b.   There exists a reason x, [Taro laughed [because of x]]
Example #31:

    (62) *    Taroo-ga    siranai-riyuu-de        naze-ka waratta.
    Taro-Nomunknown-reason-bysome.reason laughed
    'For some unknown reason, Taro laughed.'
Example #32:

    (63) a.    Taroo-wa     nani-o      naze    katta        no?
    Taro-Top     what-Acc why        bought       Q
    'Why did Taro buy what?'
Example #33:

    (70) a. ?* Daremo-ga         nani-o katta        no?
    everyone-Nom what-Acc bought Q
    'What did everyone buy?'
Example #34:

    b.   Nani-oi    daremo-ga             ti    katta   no?
    what-Acci     everyone-Nom       ti    bought      Q
    'What did everyone buy?'
Example #35:

    (71) Daremo-ga       sorezore nani-o       katta no?
    everyone-Nom each       what-AccboughtQ
    'What did everyone each buy?' (Pair-list possible) (Hoji 1986)
Example #36:

    (74)          Dareka-ga          daremo-o     syootaisita.
    someone-Nom        everyone-Acc invited
    'Someone invited everyone.'
Example #37:

    (75)          Dareka-ga      daremo-o       sorezore syootaisita. (cf. Hoji 1985)
    someone-Nom        everyone-Acc each        invited
    'Someone invited everyone each.'