ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Yurie Hara (2004). Implicature Unsuspendable.

URL: http://ling.bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~yhara/download/tls_proc.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3853&langcode=jpn (2018-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a.   Dare-ga paatii-ni ki-ta-ka?
    who-Nom party-Dat come-Past-QP
    `Who came to the party?'
Example #2:

    b.   JOHN-wa ki-ta
    John-Top come-Past
    `As for John, he came.'
Example #3:

    c.   JOHN-ga ki-ta.
    John-Nom come-Past
    `John came.' (complete answer)
Example #4:

    (2)      a.  nanninka-wa          ki-ta
    Some-people-CTop come­Past
    Some people came.
Example #5:

    (2-a)     nanninka-wa         ki-ta
    Some-people-CTop come­Past
    Some people came.
Example #6:

    (1)    a.    Dare-ga paatii-ni ki-ta-ka?
    who-Nom party-Dat come-Past-QP
    `Who came to the party?'
Example #7:

    b.    JOHN-wa ki-ta
    John-Top come-Past
    `As for John, he came.'
Example #8:

    c.    JOHN-ga ki-ta.
    John-Nom come-Past
    `John came.' (complete answer)
Example #9:

    (13)     a.   John-ga hon-o        3-satsu yon-da.
    John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class read-Past
    `John read 3 books.'
Example #10:

    b.   John-ga hon-o        3-satsu yom-eba,      goukaku-suru.
    John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class read-Comp, pass-do
    `If John reads 3 books, he will pass.' (He will pass even if he reads 4.)
Example #11:

    (19)      *Moshi John-ga hon-o          3-satsu-wa yom-eba, goukaku-suru.
    if     John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class-Top read-Comp, pass-do
    `If John reads [ CTop 3 ] books, he will pass.'
Example #12:

    (i)       Moshi Mary-ga John-ga hon-o              3-satsu-wa yomu-to        shinjir-eba, goukaku-suru.
    if     John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class-Top read-Comp believe-Comp, pass-do
    `If Mary believes that John reads [ CTop 3 ] books, he will pass.'
Example #13:

    (i)       a. #Kinou     Mary-wa    uchi-ni   kita toki, daremo i-nakat-ta.
    yesterday Mary-CTop house-dat came when, anyone exist-Neg-Past
    `When Mary came to our house, no one was home.'
Example #14:

    b. #Kinou     Mary-wa    uchi-ni   kuru mae, daremo i-nakat-ta.
    yesterday Mary-CTop house-dat come before, anyone exist-Neg-Past
    `Before Mary came to our house, no one was home.'
Example #15:

    c. #Kinou     Mary-wa    uchi-ni   kita        ato,         minna-de shokuji-o shita.
    yesterday Mary-CTop house-dat came-after, everyone-with meal-Acc did
    `After Mary came to our house, we had meal together.'
Example #16:

    d. Kinou      Mary-wa    uchi-ni   kita node,     kodomo-ga   yorokon-da.
    yesterday Mary-CTop house-dat came because, children-Nom happy-Past
    `Because Mary came to our house, the children became happy.'
Example #17:

    (22)       moshi John-ga hon-o         3-satsu yom-eba, goukaku-suru.
    if     John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class read-Comp, pass-do
    `If John reads 3 books, he will pass.'
Example #18:

    (23)       John-ga hon-o         3-satsu-wa moshi pro pro yom-eba,    goukaku-suru.
    John-Nom book-Acc 3-Class-Top if        pro pro read-Comp, pass-do
    `As for 3 books, if John reads them, he passes.'6
Example #19:

    (24)       a. *moshi pro nihongo-wa dekir-eba,               shuushoku-ni yuuri-da.
    if     pro Japanese-Top capable-Comp          job finding-Dat advantage-Copula
    `If you can speak [ CTop Japanese ] , it is   easy to find a job.'
Example #20:

    (25)       minna-wa       kuru-to       omowa-nakat-ta.
    Everyone-Top come-Comp think-Neg-Past
    `I didn't think [ CTop everyone ] would come.'
Example #21:

    John-ga tsugi-no hi 3-nin-wa           kuru-to      iu shuchoo-o sita.
    John-Nom next-Gen day 3-Class-CTop come-Comp say claim-Acc did
    `John made a claim that [ CTop 3 people ] would come next day.'
Example #22:

    John-ga 3-tsu-no       mondai-wa     tok-eru-ka         pro wakara-nai.
    John-Nom 3-Class-gen problem-CTop solve-can-whether pro know-Neg
    `I don't know whether John can solve [ CTop 3 ] problems.'
Example #23:

    Mary-wa John-wa       katta hon-o       yonda.
    Mary-Top John-CTop bought book-Acc read
    `Mary read the book [ CTop John ] bought.'