ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dorr, Bonnie J. et al. (1998). Development of Cross-Linguistic Syntactic and Semantic Parameters for Parsing and Generation.

URL: https://drum.umd.edu/dspace/bitstream/1903/620/2/CS-TR-3233.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3854&langcode=kor (2019-07-21).

 

Example #1:

    (5) (i)      John-ul Mary-ka Bill-eykey sokayhayssta
    -Acc     -Nom     -to     introduced
    `Mary introduced John to Bill'
Example #2:

    (6) (i)      ku   hayk-un    John-i   Mary-eykey cwuessta
    that book-Top       -Nom     -to    gave
    `As for that book, John gave it to Mary'
Example #3:

    malhayssta
    criticized-Comp   said
    `John said that Ray2 criticized Ray2 (himself)'
Example #4:

    (15)   John-i     phal-i   pwureciessta
    -Nom   arm-Nom was broken
    `John is in the situation that his arm has been broken'
Example #5:

    Bill1-un yocum        uykisochimhay issta
    -Top these days is depressed
    by him has been bankrupt, and he is depressed these days'
Example #6:

    K: John-i     pang-ey/ -ulo           tulekassta
    -Nom   room-Locative             entered
    `John entered the room'
Example #7:

    K: John-i   Sally-wa    kyelhonhayssta
    -Nom      -with married
    `John married Sally'
Example #8:

    K: John-i    Bill-eykey    towum-ul  cwuessta
    -Nom      -Dative    help-Acc gave
    `John helped Bill'
Example #9:

    K: John-i    Tom-ul      khal-lo          ccilessta
    -Nom     -Acc    knife-Instrument poked
    `John stabbed Tom with a knife'
Example #10:

    K: John-un      khi-ka   khuta
    -Top height-Nom   is big/huge
    `John is tall'
Example #11:

    K: na-nun       pay-ka  kophuta
    I-Top stomach-Nom   is hungry(?)
    `I am hungry'
Example #12:

    (41)   John-i uyca-ey       ancassta
    -Nom chair-ey(Loc)   sat
    `John sat on the chair'
Example #13:

    (42)   John-i   hakkyo-ey          kassta
    -Nom school-ey(Loc)          went
    `John went to school'
Example #14:

    (43)   Bill-i namwu-ey       olakassta
    -Nom tree-ey(Loc) climbed
    `Bill climbed a tree'
Example #15:

    (44) (i)      John-i Mary-eykey /*-ey    mwul-ul cwuessta
    -Nom    -eykey(Dat)    water-Acc gave
    `John gave some water to Mary'
Example #16:

    (ii)   John-i    namwu-ey /*-eykey   mwul-ul cwuessta
    -Nom tree-ey(Loc)         water-Acc gave
    `John sprayed some water to the tree.'
Example #17:

    (45) (i) John-i cip-ey/*-eyse tulekassta/tochakhayssta/kassta
    -Nom house-Loc      entered /   arrived   / went
    `John entered/ arrived at/ went to his house'
Example #18:

    (ii)   John-i cip-eyse/*-ey nolayhayssta/wulessta/cassta
    -Nom house-Loc          sang / cried / slept
    `John sang/cried/slept in his house'
Example #19:

    (46)   John-i namwu-eyse tteleciessta
    -Nom tree-Loc      fell
    `John fell from the tree'
Example #20:

    (48)   John-i namwu-ey     tol-ul tenciessta
    -Nom tree-Loc stone-Acc    threw
    `John threw a stone to a tree'
Example #21:

    (49)   John-i namwu-ey       ilum-ul saykyessta
    -Nom tree-Loc     name-Acc   engraved
    `John engraved his name on a tree'
Example #22:

    (ii)   John-i   pyek-ey iss-nun       kulim-ul poassta
    -Nom wall-Loc exist-Rel picture-Acc    saw
    `John saw the picture on the wall'
Example #23:

    (i)    John-eykeyse-uy     phyenci
    -Loc(from)-Gen letter
    `the letter from John'
Example #24:

    (54)   John-un     cengcikha-ko             pwucilenha-ta
    -Top     be honest-AND           be diligent-Ind
    `John is honest and diligent'
Example #25:

    anassta
    (did) not
    `Everyone did not leave'
Example #26:

    (ii)   motun      salam-i         ttena-ci       anassta
    every/all person-Nom       leave-ci      (did) not
    `No one left'
Example #27:

    (57)   kay-ka koyangi-lul ccoch-ass-ta
    dog-Nom     cat-Acc chase-Pst-Ind
    `A dog chased a cat'
Example #28:

    (58)   koyangi-ka (kay-eykey) ccoch-ki-ess-ta
    cat-Nom   dog-by     chase-Pass-Pst-Ind
    `A cat was chased (by a dog)'
Example #29:

    (59)   John-i   pap-ul   mek-ess-ta
    -Nom meal-Acc eat-Pst-Ind
    `John ate the meal'
Example #30:

    (60) (i)      John-i   pap-ul   mek-ess-ni
    -Nom meal-Acc eat-Pst-Intr
    `Did John eat the meal ?'
Example #31:

    (ii)   John-i mwues-ul    mek-ess-ni
    -Nom what-Acc eat-Pst-Intr
    `What did John eat ?'
Example #32:

    (61)   (ne)   pap-ul   meke-ra
    you meal-Acc eat-Impr
    `Eat the meal !'
Example #33:

    (62)   (wuri) pap-ul    mek-ca
    we   meal-Acc eat-Suggest
    `Let's eat the meal'
Example #34:

    (63)   John1-i e1 Mary-lul manna-ss-ta-ko]     malha-yss-ta
    -Nom        -Acc meet-Pst-Ind-Comp   say-Pst-Ind
    `John said that he met Mary'
Example #35:

    (64)   John-i e1 Mary-lul ttayli-0-n] namca1-lul manna-ss-ta
    -Nom        -Acc hit-Pst-Rel   man-Acc meet-Pst-Ind
    `John met the man who hit Mary'
Example #36:

    (65)   nayil nalssi-ka   coh-umyen na-nun pichi-ey ka-keyss-ta
    tomorrow weather-Nom be good-if I-Top beach-to go-Futr-Ind
    `If the weather is good tomorrow, I will go to the beach'
Example #37:

    (66)   Mary1-nun e1 pwucai-ciman] kemsohakey saynghwalha-n-ta
    -Top    be rich-though frugally       live-Pres-Ind
    `Mary lives a frugal life although she is rich'
Example #38:

    (67)   John1-un onul    e1 apa -se ]     pyengwen-ey ka-ss-ta
    -Top today   be sick-because hospital-to go-Pst-Ind
    `Today, John went to the hospital because he was sick'
Example #39:

    (68)   John-i Mary-lul manna-ss-ko Jay-ka Sue-lul manna-ss-ta
    -Nom    -Acc meet-Pst-and   -Nom   -Acc meet-Pst-Ind
    `John met Mary and Jay met Sue'
Example #40:

    (a) *?John-un Mary-lul miweha-myense] hakkyo-ey kassta
    -Top      -Acc   hate-MYENSE school-to              went
    `John went to school, hating Mary'
Example #41:

    (b)   John-un   ppang-ul   meku-myense]     hakkyo-ey    kassta
    -Top bread-Acc eat-MYENSE school-to                 went
    `John went to school, eating bread'
Example #42:

    (c) *?John-i Mary-lul miweha-nun-tey il nyen-ul ponayssta
    -Nom     -Acc hating in               one year-Acc     spent
    `John spent one year hating Mary'
Example #43:

    (d) John-un swuyengha-nun-tey han sikan-i kellyessta
    -Top      swimming in    one hour-Nom             elapsed
    `It took one hour for John to swim'
Example #44:

    (e) *?John-un Mary-lul coaha-/miweha-ki]-lul kumantwuessta
    -Top     -Acc like-/hate   -Nomlz-Acc stopped
    `John stopped liking/hating Mary'
Example #45:

    (f ) John-un swuyengha-ki]-lul kkutnayessta
    -Top     swim-Nomlz-Acc  finished
    `John finished swimming.'
Example #46:

    (g)   John-un cengsang-ey tatalu-ki]-lul    kkutnayssta
    -Top   summit-at   reach-Nomlz-Acc   finished
    `John finished reaching the summit.'
Example #47:

    (h) *John-i han sikan tongan cengsang-ey tatalassta
    -Nom one hour     for    summit-at                       reached
    `John reached the summit for one hour'
Example #48:

    (69) (i) elum-i nok-ass-ta                                      base]
    ice-Nom melt-Pst-Ind
    `The ice melted'
Example #49:

    (ii)   John-i   elum-ul     nok-i -ess-ta                 derived]
    -Nom   ice-Acc melt-Caus-Pst-Ind
    (John made the ice melt)
Example #50:

    (70) (i)     John-i changmwun-ul kkay-ss-ta                     base]
    -Nom   window-Acc break-Pst-Ind
    `John broke the window'
Example #51:

    (ii)   changmwun-i    kkay-ci-ess-ta                      derived]
    window-Nom break-Pass-Pst-Ind
    `The window broke'
Example #52:

    (71) (i)      ai-ka    kel-ess-ta                                      base]
    child-Nom walk-Pst-Ind
    `The child walked'
Example #53:

    (ii)   John-i    ai-lul   kel-li-ess-ta                         derived]
    -Nom child-Acc walk-Caus-Pst-Ind
    (John made the child walk)
Example #54:

    (72) (i)      ?? John-un   ku ttay      mek-ko  iss-ess-ta
    -Top at that time eat-Conj Aux-Pst-Ind
    `John was eating at that time'
Example #55:

    iss-ess-ta
    Aux-Pst-Ind
    `John was eating at that time'
Example #56:

    (73) (i)        nwu-ka   ku kheyik-ul           mek-ess-ci ?
    who-Nom the cake-Acc            eat-Pst-Q
    `Who ate the cake?'
Example #57:

    (ii)     Mary-ka (mek-ess-e)
    -Nom eat-Pst-Ind
    `Mary ate it'
Example #58:

    (76) John-un A-lul B-lopwuthe pwunlihayssta
    -Top -Acc -from             separated
    `John separated A from B'
Example #59:

    John-un A-wa B-lul       pwunlihayssta
    -Top -and -Acc       separated
    `John separated A and B'
Example #60:

    (77)   John-un A-lul B-lopwuthe        tteyenayssta
    -Top -Acc -from             detached
    `John detached A from B'
Example #61:

    John-un A-wa B-lul       tteyenayssta
    -Top -and -Acc       detached
    `John detached A and B (= A from B)'
Example #62:

    John-i namwu-ey      tol-ul   tenciessta
    -Nom tree-Loc    stone-Acc     threw
    `John threw a stone to a tree'
Example #63:

    John-i Mary-eykey     tol-ul tenciessta
    -Nom     -Loc     stone-Acc    threw
    `John threw a stone to Mary'
Example #64:

    John-i namwu-eyse tteleciessta
    -Nom tree-Loc      fell
    `John fell from the tree'
Example #65:

    John-i Bill-eykeyse ton-ul    kkwuessta
    -Nom     -Loc    money-Acc   borrowed
    `John borrowed some money from Bill'
Example #66:

    John-i namwu-ey      tol-ul tenciessta
    -Nom tree-Loc stone-Acc    threw
    `John threw a stone to a tree'
Example #67:

    John-i namwu-ey       ilum-ul saykyessta
    -Nom tree-Loc     name-Acc   engraved
    `John engraved his name on a tree'
Example #68:

    (a) (i)    John-i hankwuk-ey memwulko issta
    -Nom Korea-Loc    stay    Aux
    `John is staying IN Korea'
Example #69:

    (ii)   John-i cikum mwunkan-ey   se    issta
    -Nom now     door-Loc stand   Aux
    `John is standing AT the door now'
Example #70:

    (ii)   John-i   pyek-ey iss-nun       kulim-ul poassta
    -Nom wall-Loc exist-Rel picture-Acc    saw
    `John saw the picture on the wall'
Example #71:

    (ii)   John-eykeyse-uy     phyenci
    -Loc(from)-Gen letter
    `the letter from John'