The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Yeon, Jae-Hoon (2002). The Causative-Passive Ambiguity and the Notion of "Contiguity" as a Crucial Factor in Explaining the.

URL: http://society.kisti.re.kr/~liok/html/Eoneohag/Vol_32/[Eoneohag32]8_Jaehoon_YEON.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3865&langcode=jpn (2018-01-23).


Example #1:

    a. John ga Bill ni            aruk-ase-ta.
    Subj        AG       walk-Caus-Past
    `John had Bill walk.'
Example #2:

    (24) a. John-ga Mary-ni       te-o            tukam-are-ta.
    Nom      Dat     hand-Acc       catch-Pass-Past
    `John was caught by the hand by Mary.'
Example #3:

    b. John-ga Mary-ni       yubi-o         kir-are-ta.
    Nom       Dat finger-Acc        cut-Pass-Past
    `John was affected by his finger being cut by Mary.'
Example #4:

    (25) a. gakusei-ga       kodomo-ni      nak-are-ta.
    student-Nom      child-Dat      cry-Pass-Past
    `The student was affected by the child's crying.'
Example #5:

    b. Taroo-wa hahaoya-ni        sina-re-ta.
    Top mother-Dat die-Pass-Past
    `Taro had his mother die (Taro was affected by mother 's death).'
Example #6:

    b. John-ga Mary-ni          kami-o      kir-are-ta.      (Japanese)
    Nom      Dat       hair-Acc    cut-Pass-Past
    `John had his hair cut   by Mary.'