The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Andrew Spencer (2005). Towards a Typology of "Mixed Categories".

URL: http://privatewww.essex.ac.uk/~spena/papers/Spencer%20mixedcats.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3906&langcode=lav (2020-08-13).


Example #1:

    (28)   pa        zied-os-u                                       pav-u
    through blossom-PRES.ACT.PRT-       FEM.SG.ACC.INDEF      meadow.     FEM-ACC.SG
    `through a flowering meadow'
Example #2:

    (29)   a.      Vis ir       strdj-is
    He     is    work-MASC.     SG
    `He has worked'
Example #3:

    b.      Via bija strdj-usi
    she    was work-FEM.      SG
    `She had worked'
Example #4:

    c.      Vii bs        strdj-usi
    they.MASC     will work-       MASC.PL
    `They (Masc.) will work'
Example #5:

    d.      Vias bs       strdj-usas
    they.FEM      will work-       FEM.PL
    `They (Fem.) will work'
Example #6:

    (30)   a.      Es     tieku                     mazg-t-s
    I      become.1SG.PRES           wash-PAST.PASS.PRT-MASC.SG
    `I am being washed'
Example #7:

    b.      Ms tikm                          mazg-t-i
    I      become.1PL.PAST           wash-PAST.PASS.PRT-MASC.PL
    `I am being washed'
Example #8:

    (35)   Dzirdju        Almu       atbrauc-am       uz Stokholmu
    I.heard        Alma       come-GER         to Stockholm
    `I have heard that Alma has come to Stockholm'
Example #9:

    (36)   Tuvoj-ot-ies      dienasta           laik-am,       Grnis atgriezs Latvij
    arrive-GER-REFL military.service time-DAT           Grinis returned to.Latvia
    `When the time for military service drew nearer, Grinis returned to Latvia'
Example #10:

    (37)   Gerda nopietni skatjs,        mind-am-a             saprast
    Gerda looked.at seriously, try-GER-FEM.SG           understand.    INF
    `Gerda look at him seriously, trying to understand'
Example #11:

    (38)   Gerda nopietni skatjs,        min-ot                saprast
    Gerda looked.at seriously, try-GER                  understand.    INF
    `Gerda look at him seriously, trying to understand'
Example #12:

    (54)   Latvian         grmat-u     veikals
    book-GEN.PL shop