ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Itziar San Martin (2000). EVIDENCE THAT PRO RECEIVES REGULAR STRUCTURAL CASE IN BASQUE.

URL: http://www.linguistics.uconn.edu/pdf/eco503/san_m.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3912&langcode=eus (2018-10-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)       Jonek liburua irakurri du.
    Jon-ERG book-Det-ABS read Aux (3.ABS-3.ERG).
    `John has read the book.'
Example #2:

    (2)       Jon bihar etorriko da.
    Jon-ABS tomorrow come-fut Aux (3.ABS)
    `John will come tomorrow.'
Example #3:

    (6)       eman diot.                                               3-way pro-drop
    give Aux (3.ABS-3DAT-1.ERG)
    `I have given it to him/her.'
Example #4:

    (7)       Ni [PRO proABS Joni ematen] saiatu naiz.                 Subject of transitive controlled (ERG)
    Ni-ABS Jon-DAT give-Nomin-INN try Aux (1.ABS)
    `I have tried to give it to Jon'
Example #5:

    (8)       Ni [PRO joaten] saiatu naiz.                             Subject of unaccusative controlled (ABS)
    I-ABS go-Nomin-INN try Aux (1.ABS)
    `I have tried to leave.'
Example #6:

    (9)           Joni       [Ři ogia            egiten]       saiatu da.                                                   Try class
    Jon-ABS         bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-INN try Aux (3ABS)
    'Jon has tried to make bread.'
Example #7:

    (10)          Joneki [Ři ogia             egitea]     pentsatu du.                                                      Decide class
    Jon-ERG bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-Det-ABS decide Aux (3ABS-3ERG)
    'Jon has decided to make bread.'
Example #8:

    (11)          Jonek nii [Ři    ogia            egitera] bidali nau.                                                     Send class
    Jon-ERG I-ABS bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-ALL send Aux (1ABS-3ERG)
    'Jon has sent me to make bread.'
Example #9:

    (12)          Jonek nirii [Ři  ogia       egitea]           gomendatu dit.      Recommend class
    Jon-ERG I-DAT bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-Det-ABS recommend Aux (3ABS-1DAT-3ERG)
    'Jon has recommended me to make bread.'
Example #10:

    (9')            Joni      [PROi/*j/*Mariak      ogia egiten]     saiatu da.                                                                                                                      Subj
    Jon-ABS        bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-LOC try Aux (3ABS)
    ' Jon has tried to make bread.'
Example #11:

    (10') Joneki [proi/j/Mariak ogia        egitea]  pentsatu du.                                                                                                                                    pro
    Jon-ERG bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-Det-ABS decide Aux (3ABS-3ERG)
    ' Jon has decided to make bread.'
Example #12:

    (11') Jonek nii [PROi/*j/*Mariak    ogia egitera]  bidali nau.                                                                                                                                   Obje
    Jon-ERG I-ABS bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-ALL send Aux (1ABS-3ERG)
    ' Jon has sent me to make bread.'
Example #13:

    (12') Jonek nirii [proi/j/Mariak ogia   egitea]       gomendatu dit.    pro
    Jon-ERG I-DAT bread-Det-ABS make-Nom-Det-ABS recommend Aux (3ABS-1DAT-3ERG)
    ' Jon has recommended me to make bread.'
Example #14:

    (14)             Emakumeak arto*(a) erein du
    woman-Det-ERG corn-DET-ABS planted Aux (ABS-ERG)
    `The woman has planted (the) corn.'
Example #15:

    (19)    Jon [PRO Mariari ogia ematen] saiatu da                    PRO must be marked ERG
    Jon          Maria-DAT bread-Det-ABS give-Nom-INN try Aux (3.ABS)
    `Jon has tried to give bread to Maria.'
Example #16:

    (20)    Jon [PRO joaten] saiatu da.                                     PRO must be marked ABS
    Jon-ABS go-Nom-INN try Aux (3ABS)
    `Jon has tried to leave.'