ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Thomas McFadden (2006). German inherent datives and argument structure.

URL: http://ifla.uni-stuttgart.de/~tom/downloads/datbook.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4007&langcode=deu (2019-04-26).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    a.     Boris hat die Wissenschaftler unterstützt.
    Boris has [the scientists]ACC supported
    `Boris supported the scientists.'
Example #2:

    b.     Die Wissenschaftler sind unterstützt worden.
    [the scientists]NOM are supported become
    `The scientists were supported.'
Example #3:

    b.   * Die Wissenschaftler sind geholfen worden.
    [the scientists]NOM are helped become
    intended: `The scientists were helped.'
Example #4:

    c.     Den Wissenschaftlern ist geholfen worden.
    [the scientists]DAT    is helped become
    `The scientists were helped.'
Example #5:

    (3)    a.     Boris hat den Wissenschaftlern einen großen Auftrag            gegeben.
    Boris has [the scientists]DAT     [a     big   assignment]ACC given
    `Boris gave the scientists a big assignment.'
Example #6:

    b.   * Die Wissenschaftler sind ein/einen großer/großen Auftrag                gegeben worden.
    [the scientists]NOM are [a            big           assignment]NOM/ACC given become
    intended: `The scientists were given a big assignment.'
Example #7:

    c.     Den Wissenschaftlern ist ein großer Auftrag            gegeben worden.
    [the scientists]DAT    is [a big       assignment]NOM given become
    `The scientists were given a big assignment.'
Example #8:

    (7)   a. Sie gab ihm        die etruskische Vase.
    she gave himDAT the Etruscan vase
    `She gave him the Etruscan vase.'
Example #9:

    b. Sie schrieb ihm.
    she wrote himDAT
    `She wrote (to) him.'
Example #10:

    b. Sie half ihm.
    she helped himDAT
    `She helped him.'
Example #11:

    (10)    a. Er repariert das Auto.
    he repairs [the car]ACC
    `He's repairing the car.'
Example #12:

    (13) Er hat mir seinen Lebenslauf gefaxt/ge-emailt.
    he has meDAT his   CV         faxed/emailed
    `He faxed/emailed me his CV.'
Example #13:

    (15)    a. Sie lief in die Bibliothek.
    she ran in [the library]ACC
    `She ran into the library.'
Example #14:

    (16)   a. Die Serviette hing in die Suppe.
    the napkin hung in [the soup]ACC
    `The napkin hung into the soup.'
Example #15:

    (17)   a. Er glaubt seinem Bruder.
    he believes [his    brother]DAT
    `He believes his brother.'
Example #16:

    b. Er glaubt seinem Bruder         die Geschichte.
    he believes [his    brother]DAT [the story]ACC
    roughly: `He believes his brother's story.'
Example #17:

    (20)   a. Mir ist ein Stein auf den Kopf gefallen.
    meDAT is a stone on the head fallen
    `A stone fell on my head.'
Example #18:

    b. Die Katze hat dem Kind den Hund weggetrieben.
    the cat has [the kid]DAT the dog away-driven
    `The cat drove the kid's dog away.'
Example #19:

    (22)   a.     Etwas      verdrießt mich zu Tode.
    something vexes      meACC to death
    `Something vexes me to death.'
Example #20:

    b.   * Etwas      mißfällt mir zu Tode.
    something displeases meDAT to death
    intended: `Something displeases me to death.'
Example #21:

    c.   * Du machst mir Sorgen zu Tode.
    you make meDAT worries to death
    intended: `You worry me to death.'
Example #22:

    c.      Er half ihr       nackt.
    he helped herDAT naked
    `Hei helped herj nakedi/j .'
Example #23:

    b.   * Ich werde von solchen Leuten interessiert.
    I become from such people interested
    intended: `I'm interested by such people.'
Example #24:

    c.   * Mich wird       von solchen Leuten interessiert.
    me becomes from such people interested
    intended: `I'm interested by such people.'
Example #25:

    (32)   a.   * Mich friert zu Tode.
    me freezes to death
    intended: `I'm freezing to death.'
Example #26:

    b.   * Mich hungert zu Tode.
    me hungers to death
    intended: `I'm starving to death.'
Example #27:

    c.   * Es interessiert mich zu Tode.
    it interests me to death
    intended: `It interests me to death.'
Example #28:

    b.   * Ich hoffte, [geholfen zu werden.]
    I hoped helped to be              (i.e. *P RO : DAT helped to be)
    intended: `I hope to be helped.'
Example #29:

    (40)   a. Hat die Frau das Bild gesehen?
    has the woman the picture seen
    `Has the woman seen the picture?
Example #30:

    b. Hat das Bild nicht zumindest eine Frau gesehen?
    has the picture not at least one woman seen
    `Hasn't at least one woman seen the picture?'
Example #31:

    b. Ich lasse mir diese Frechheit nicht gefallen.
    I let me this insolence not like
    `I won't take this insolence.'
Example #32:

    b. Die Schreibmaschine scheinen die Einbrecher gestohlen zu haben.
    [the typewriter]ACC seem        the burglars stolen       to have
    roughly: `The typewriter seems to have been stolen by the burglars.'
Example #33:

    b.     Dem Arzt        hilft Hans und dem Arzt         assistiert Maria
    [the doctor]DAT helps Hans and [the doctor]DAT assists Maria
    `Hans helps the doctor, and Maria assists him.'
Example #34:

    (45)   a.   * Ich hoffte [geholfen zu werden.]
    I hoped helped to be             (i.e. *P RO : DAT helped to be)
    intended: `I hope to be helped.'