ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Heejeong Ko (2005). Syntactic Edges and Linearization.

URL: http://ling.snu.ac.kr/ko/publications/Papers/Ko_thesis_2005.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4039&langcode=kor (2019-04-20).

 

Example #1:

    (i) ?*Haksayng-i        sey-myeng yehaksayng-ul       mil-ess-ta
    Student-Nom 3-Cl              girl.student-Acc push-Past-Dec
    `Three students pushed girls'
Example #2:

    (28)   (?) Haksayng-tul-i1 [ na-nun [t1 sey-myeng Mary-lul            mannassta-ko] sayngkakhanta]]
    Student-Pl-Nom       I-Top       3-Cl           Mary-Acc   met-C                 think
    `Students1, I think that three t1 met Mary.'
Example #3:

    (52)   a. Haksayng-tul-i      sey-myeng      Mary-eykey       maykcwu-lul      cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom      3-Cl           Mary-Dat         beer-Acc         give-Past-Dec
    `Three students gave Mary beer'
Example #4:

    b. ?* Haksayng-tul-i     Mary-eykey sey-myeng maykcwu-lul             cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom Mary-Dat            3-Cl         beer-Acc         give-Past-Dec
    `Three students gave Mary beer'
Example #5:

    (i)     *Haksayng-tul-i Mary-eykey maykcwu-ul sey-myeng cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom Mary-Dat            beer-Acc      3-Cl           give-Past-Dec
    `Three students gave Mary beer'
Example #6:

    (ii)    *Haksayng-tul-i maykcwu-lul kyosil-lo                sey-myeng kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc             classroom-to 3-Cl             bring-Past-Dec
    `Three students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #7:

    (53)     a. Haksayng-tul-i   sey-myeng maykcwu-lul kyosil-lo                kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom 3-Cl                   beer-Acc     classroom-to bring-Past-Dec
    `Three students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #8:

    b. ?*Haksayng-tul-i    kyosil-lo          sey-myeng maykcwu-lul kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom classroom-to 3-Cl                    beer-Acc      bring-Past-Dec
    `Three students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #9:

    (54)   a. ?*Haksayng-tul-i       ilpwule       sey-myeng kong-ul              patassta
    Student-Pl-Nom      deliberately 3-Cl               ball-Acc     received
    `Three students received a ball deliberately'
Example #10:

    b. Haksayng-tul-i        pwunmyenghi        sey-myeng kong-ul          patassta
    Student-Pl-Nom      evidently          3-Cl            ball-Acc   received
    `Evidently, three students received a ball'
Example #11:

    (i)    Haksayng-tul-i kong-ul           cayppalli     sey-kay patassta
    Student-Pl-Nom ball-Acc quickly                3-Clthing received
    `Students received three balls quickly' (cf. (20) and (25))
Example #12:

    (58)   John-i            mwulyeyhakey            maykcwu-lul                      masi-ess-ta
    John-Nom          rudely                  beer-Acc                         drink-Past-Dec
    `John drank beer in a rude manner' (*but he drank in a polite manner) [low readi
Example #13:

    (60)    Haksayng-tul-i         mwulyeyhakey yel-myeng maykcwu-lul masiessta
    Student-Pl-Nom          rudely          10-Cl       beer-Acc    drank
    ?*`Ten students drank beer in a rude manner'
Example #14:

    (61)    Ecey,           catongcha-ga koyhan-eykey twu-tay pwuswu-eci-ess-ta
    Yesterday,      car-Nom       robber-by       2-Cl      break-Pass-Past-Dec
    `Yesterday, two cars were broken by a robber' [passive, S<PP<NQsubj]
Example #15:

    (i) Haksayng-i      sey-myeng     tochakha-yess-ta
    Student-Nom 3-Cl             arrive-Past-Dec
    `Three students arrived'
Example #16:

    (ii) ?Haksayng-i     sey-myeng     wus-ess-ta
    Student-Nom 3-Cl             laugh-Past-Dec
    `Three students laughed'
Example #17:

    (62)   Koyangi-ka      i   pyeng-ulo          sey-mari       cwuk-ess-ta
    Cat-Nom         this disease-by        3-Cl           die-Past-Dec
    `Three cats died from this disease' [unaccusative, S<PP<NQsubj]
Example #18:

    (i)(?)Haksayng-tul-ii caki-uyi sensayng-nim-eykey twu-myeng pwuthcap-hi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom self-Gen teacher-Hon-by           2-Cl           capture-Pass-Past-Dec
    `Two students were captured by self's teacher.'
Example #19:

    (i) Ecey,        kwunsa-tul-i       ku tali-lul      twu-myeng kennu-ess-ta
    Yesterday soldier-Pl-Nom that bridge-Acc 2-Cl                   cross-Past-Dec
    `Yesterday, two soldiers crossed the bridge.'
Example #20:

    (66)   a. Haksayng-tul-i         amato       sey-myeng     tochakha-yess-ulkes-ita
    Student-Pl-Nom       probably    3-Cl          arrive-Past-likely-Cop
    `Probably, three students arrived'
Example #21:

    b.   Haksayng-tul-i        amato          sey-myeng cenhwahay-ss-ulkes-ita
    Student-Pl-Nom        probably       3-Cl       telephone-Past-likely-Cop
    `Probably, three students telephoned.'
Example #22:

    (94)     a. John-i        haksayng-tul-ul sey-myeng [PRO Boston-ulo ka-lako] seltukhayssta
    John-Nom student-Pl-Acc          3-Cl                Boston-to   go-C     persuaded
    `John persuaded three students to go to Boston'
Example #23:

    c. ?John-i       Boston-ulo1 haksayng-tul-ul sey-myeng [PRO t1 ka-lako] seltukhayssta
    John-Nom Boston-to          student-Pl-Acc     3-Cl               go-C     persuaded
    `John persuaded three students to go to Boston'
Example #24:

    (96)   Sally-ka        ku       mwun-ul            tasi   yel-ess-ta
    Sally-Nom       that     door-Acc           again open-Past-Dec
    `Sally opened that door, and the door had been in the state of being open before
Example #25:

    (ii) Sally-ka ku       tongkwul-ul tasi        yel-ess-ta
    Sally-Nom that cave-Acc             again open-Past-Dec
    `Sally opened the cave again'
Example #26:

    (ii) Sally-ka     tasi    ku     tongkwul-ul yelessta
    Sally-Nom again that cave-Acc               opened
    `Sally opened the cave again' (restitutive, repetitive)
Example #27:

    Iceney    pro sapo-n-cek-un           ep-ci-man,
    before    (I)   buy-Rel-time-Top      be.not-CI-but
    `I have never bought an espresso machine before but',
Example #28:

    a.      #Nay-ka         eyspuleyso    kikyey-lul      tasi    han-tay sao-l-kkeyyo
    I-Nom          espresso      machine-Acc again 1-Cl           buy-Fut-promise
    department before)' [restitutive reading]
Example #29:

    b.       Nay-ka         eyspuleyso kikyey-lul        han-tay tasi    sao-l-kkeyyo
    I-Nom          espresso     machine-Acc     1-Cl       again buy-Fut-promise
    department before)' [restitutive reading]
Example #30:

    c.      *John-i panccum chayk-ul han-kwon ilk-ess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc one-Cl                halfway        read-Past-Dec
    `John read one book halfway'
Example #31:

    (i) John-i        tasi [Mary-ka            haksayng-tul-ul sey-myeng ttayliessta-ko] malhayssta
    John-Nom again Mary-Nom student-Pl-Acc 3-Cl                          hit-C         said
    `John said again that Mary hit three students' (??restitutive, repetitive)
Example #32:

    (ii) ??Haksayng-tul-ul1 John-i           tasi    [Mary-ka t1 sey-myeng ttayliessta-ko] malhayssta
    Student-Pl-Acc John-Nom again Mary-Nom 3-Cl                        hit-C           said
    `John said again that Mary hit three students' (??restitutive, repetitive)
Example #33:

    (i) ?* John-i         chayk-ul       Mary-lul sey-kwon cwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc Mary-Acc 3-Cl                     give-Past-Dec
    `John gave three books to Mary'
Example #34:

    John-i          chayk-ul       Mary-eykey      sey-kwon       cwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom        book-Acc       Mary-Dat        3-Cl           give-Past-Dec
    `John gave three books to Mary'
Example #35:

    John-i         Mary-eykey      tasi   diamond panci-lul      sacwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom       Mary-Dat        again diamond ring-Acc        buy-Past-Dec
    `John bought a diamond ring for Mary again' [(?)restitutive, repetitive]
Example #36:

    John-i         diamond panci-lul     Mary-eykey     tasi    han-kay          sacwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom       diamond ring-Acc      Mary-Dat       again one-Cl             buy-Past-Dec
    `John bought a diamond ring for Mary again' [*restitutive, repetitive]
Example #37:

    (i) a. *Mary-ka         John-hanthey talli-ess-ta
    Mary-Nom        John-Dat        run-Past-Dec
    `Mary ran for John'
Example #38:

    b. *Mary-ka           John-hanthey kabang-ul        cap-ass-ta
    Mary-Nom John-Dat              bag-Acc       hold-Past-Dec
    `Mary held a bag for John' (Pylkkänen 2002, p.25)
Example #39:

    John-i        [sey-myeng-uy haksayng-tul]-eykey     chayk-ul    cwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom 3-Cl-Gen           student-Pl-Dat          book-Acc give-Past-Dec
    `John gave three students a book'
Example #40:

    *John-i        haksayng-tul-eykey        sey-myeng chayk-ul    cwu-ess-ta
    John-Nom student-Pl-Dat                 3-Cl      book-Acc give-Past-Dec
    `John gave three students a book'
Example #41:

    (109) a.       Haksayng-tul-i      [sey-kos-uy cwucem]-eyse       makcwu-lul      masiessta
    Student-Pl-Nom      3-Cl-Gen    bar-in             beer-Acc       drank
    `Students drank beer in three bars'
Example #42:

    b.       *Haksayng-tul-i     cwucem-eyse          sey-kos   makcwu-lul   masiessta
    Student-Pl-Nom     bar-in              3-Cl       beer-Acc     drank
    `Students drank beer in three bars'
Example #43:

    (i) John-i      haksayng-ul sey-myeng nokcho-lo mantulessta
    John-Nom student-Acc 3-Cl                 tired-to made
    `John made three students tired'
Example #44:

    (ii) *John-i       haksayng-ul nokcho-lo sey-myeng mantulessta
    John-Nom student-Acc tired-to            3-Cl           made
    `John made three students tired'
Example #45:

    (iii) ?Haksayng-ul John-i              sey-myeng nokcho-lo mantulessta
    Student-Acc John-Nom            3-Cl          tired-to   made
    `John made three students tired'
Example #46:

    (181) a.       John-i           kwukhi-lul         sey-cokak-ulo        mantul-ess-ta
    Jonn-Nom         cooky-Acc          3-pieces-into        make-Past-Dec
    `John broke a cooky into three pieces'
Example #47:

    b.      *John-i          sey-cokak-ulo       kwukhi-lul     t    mantul-ess-ta
    Jonn-Nom         3-pieces-into       cooky-Acc           make-Past-Dec
    `John broke a cooky into three pieces'
Example #48:

    c.      *sey-cokak-ulo             John-i           kwukhi-lul     t    mantul-ess-ta
    3-pieces-into             Jonn-Nom         cooky-Acc           make-Past-Dec
    `John broke a cooky into three pieces'
Example #49:

    (i)     Kwukhi-lul (ecey)       sey-cokak-ulo, John-i           mantul-ess-ta
    Cooky-Acc yesterday 3-pieces-into          John-Nom make-Past-Dec
    `John broke a cooky into three pieces'
Example #50:

    (182) a.       John-i      kwukhi-lul     twu-kay     sey-cokak-ulo    mantul-ess-ta
    Jonn-Nom cooky-Acc         two-Cl      3-pieces-into    make-Past-Dec
    `John broke two cookies into three pieces'
Example #51:

    b.      *John-i      kwukhi-lul     sey-cokak-ulo t twu-kay           t   mantul-ess-ta
    Jonn-Nom cooky-Acc         3-pieces-into       two-Cl             make-Past-Dec
    `John broke two cookies into three pieces'
Example #52:

    (ii)   *Kwukhi-lul sey-cokak-ulo twu-kay, John-i                  mantul-ess-ta
    Cooky-Acc 3-pieces-into 2-Cl             John-Nom        make-Past-Dec
    `John broke two cookies into three pieces'
Example #53:

    John-i         tali-ka        aphu-ta
    John-Nom       leg-Nom        sick-Dec
    `John's leg is sick'
Example #54:

    Mary-ka        John-ul        tali-lul         cap-ass-ta
    Mary-Nom       John-Acc       leg-Acc          grab-Past-Dec
    `Mary grabbed John's leg'
Example #55:

    a.     John-i         apeci-ka        wupyo-lul         mou-si-n-ta
    John-Nom       father-Nom      stamp-Acc         collect-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father collects stamps'
Example #56:

    a.      John-i        apeci-ka        yenge-lul         cal    ha-si-n-ta
    John-Nom      father-Nom      English-Acc well         do-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father speaks English well'
Example #57:

    Context: Nwukwu-uy/ka         apeci-ka        totwuk-ul        cap-usi-ess-ni?
    Who-Gen/Nom          father-Nom      thief-Acc        capture-Hon-Past-Q
    `Whose father captured a thief?'
Example #58:

    a.     ?John-i        apeci-ka        totwuk-ul         cap-usi-ess-ta
    John-Nom      father-Nom      thief-Acc         capture-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father captured a thief'
Example #59:

    a.   ?John-i           apeci-ka           (cengkicekulo) koatul-eykey senmwul-ul ponay-si-n-ta
    John-Nom father-Nom                      regularly                orphans-Dat       present-Acc send-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father sends a present to orphans regularly'
Example #60:

    a.      ?John-i            apeci-ka                           koawon-ey       umsik-ul      paytalha-si-ess-ta
    John-Nom father-Nom                                   orphanage-to    food-Acc      deliver-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father delivered food to an orphanage'
Example #61:

    a.      John-i         apeci-ka          yelsimhi           wupyo-lul         mou-si-n-ta
    John-Nom       father-Nom        diligently         stamp-Acc         collect-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father collects stamps diligently'
Example #62:

    a.       John-i        apeci-ka          yenge-lul          cal/ilpwule            ssu-si-n-ta
    John-Nom      father-Nom        English-Acc well/deliberately use-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father speaks English well (often)/deliberately'
Example #63:

    a.      ?John-i        apeci-ka          chong-ulo          say-lul           so(-si-)ass-ta
    John-Nom      father-Nom        gun-with           bird-Acc          shot(-Hon-)Past-Dec
    `John's father shot a bird with a gun'
Example #64:

    2                     2                       1
    John-Nom      gun.with             father-Nom              bird-Acc    shot(-Hon-)Past-Dec
    `John's father shot a bird with a gun'
Example #65:

    a.     ?Amato         John-i                apeci-ka           wupyo-lul      mou-si-n-ta
    Probably       John-Nom              father-Nom         stamp-Acc      collect-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `Probably, John's father collects stamps'
Example #66:

    a.     ?Tahaynghito John-i                  apeci-ka           yenge-lul      cal    ha-si-n-ta
    Fortunately   John-Nom              father-Nom         English-Acc well      do-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `Fortunately, John's father speaks English well'
Example #67:

    a.      ?Pwunmyenghi         John-i         apeci-ka           say-lul             so(-si-)ass-ta
    Evidently           John-Nom father-Nom bird-Acc                          shot(-Hon-)Past-Dec
    `Evidently, John's father shot a bird'
Example #68:

    a.      John-i          hangsang        t            apeci-ka            kosnolay-lul pwulu-si-n-ta
    John-Nom        always                       father-Nom          nose.sing-Acc sing-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father always does humming'
Example #69:

    b.      John-i          caknyen-ey      t            apeci-ka            toycik-ul         ha-si-ess-ta
    John-Nom        last year                    father-Nom          retire-Acc        do-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father retired last year'
Example #70:

    c. (?) John-i         kongwon-eyse t        apeci-ka           mayil        coking-ul          ha-si-n-ta
    John-Nom park-in                    father-Nom everyday jogging-Acc                   do-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father goes for a run in a park everyday'
Example #71:

    a.    Mary-ka       John-ul         sonmok-ul          cap-ass-ta
    Mary-Nom      John-Acc        wrist-Acc          grab-Past-Dec
    `Mary grabbed John's wrist'
Example #72:

    b.    John-i        Mary-eykey      t        sonmok-i/ul               cap-hi-ess-ta
    John-Nom      Mary-Dat(by)             wrist-Nom/Acc             grab-Pass-Past-Dec
    `John's wrist were grabbed by Mary' (cf. Maling and Kim 1992)
Example #73:

    a.    John-i        ku pyeng-ulo             t         ai-ka           cwuk-ess-ta
    John-Nom      that disease-with                  baby-Nom        die-Past-Dec
    `John's baby died from this disease'
Example #74:

    b.    John-i     sinyak-ulo/         (nwukwu pota)         ppalli      t   moksori-ka   tolawassta
    John-Nom new.medicine-with/(anyone than)            quickly          voice-Nom    returned
    `John's voice returned (was cured) with new medicine/quickly (than anybody else'
Example #75:

    a.     ?Mary-ka       ai-ka          ilpwule               wu-n-ta
    Mary-Nom baby-Nom            deliberately          cry-Pres-Dec
    `Mary's baby cries deliberately'
Example #76:

    a.     Ilpwule        Mary-ka       John-ul                tali-lul    capassta
    Deliberately   Mary-Nom      John-Acc               leg-Acc     grabbed
    `Mary grabbed John's leg deliberately'
Example #77:

    (216) Kim-ssi-ka        John-ul       tasi     tali-lul       ttayli-ess-ta
    Kim-Mr.-Nom John-Acc           again leg-Acc           hit-Past-Dec
    ii)    `Mr. Kim hit John on his leg again' (and he has done that before) [repeti
Example #78:

    (217) Kim-ssi-ka        espresso kikye-lul        tasi    soncapi-lul pwulettuli-ess-ta
    Kim-Mr.-Nom espresso machine-Acc again handle-Acc break-Past-Dec
    ii)    `Mr. Kim broke the handle of the espresso machine again' (and he has done
Example #79:

    (i) Espresso kikye-ka             tasi     soncapi-ka        pwule-ci-ess-ta
    Espresso machine-Nom again            handle-Nom        break-Pass-Past-Dec
    `The handle of the espresso machine was broken again'
Example #80:

    (218) a.      John-i         apeci-ka        kay-lul      (cacwu) ttayli-si-n-ta
    John-Nom       father-Nom      dog-Acc      (often) hit-Hon-Pres-Dec
    `John's father often hits a dog.'
Example #81:

    b.     *Mary-ka       John-ul         apeci-lul       (cacwu) tayli-n-ta
    Mary-Nom John-Acc            father-Acc      (often)   hit-Pres-Dec
    `Mary hits John's father.'
Example #82:

    (219) a.      John-i         tali-ka         apwuta
    John-Nom       leg-Nom         sick
    `John's leg is sick'
Example #83:

    b.     Mary-ka        John-ul         tali-ul         tayli-ess-ta
    Mary-Nom       John-Acc        leg-Acc         hit-Past-Dec
    `Mary hit John's leg.'
Example #84:

    (221) *John-i          Mary-eykey     Bill-ul          apeci-lul         sokayha-yess-ta
    John-Nom       Mary-Dat       Bill-Acc         father-Acc        introduce-Past-Dec
    `John introduced Bill's father to Mary.'
Example #85:

    (222) *John-i         kyosil-lo       Bill-ul          apeci-lul         mosyewa-ss-ta
    John-Nom      classroom-to    Bill-Acc         father-Acc        bring-Past-Dec
    `John brought Bill's father to the classroom.'
Example #86:

    (i) Mary-ka      John-ul     pal-ul      kkus-ul cha-ss-ta
    Mary-Nom John-Acc foot-Acc end-Acc kick-Past-Dec
    `Mary kicked the end of John's foot.' (`Mary kicked John on the end of the foot'
Example #87:

    (ii) ??Mary-ka      John-ul tasi      pal-ul       kkus-ul cha-ss-ta
    Mary-Nom John-Acc again foot-Acc end-Acc kick-Past-Dec
    `Mary kicked the end of John's foot again.' (repetitive, ?*restitutive)
Example #88:

    1                                     1
    Beer-Acc               John-Nom                               all/all                drink-Past-Dec
    `John drank all bottles of beer'
Example #89:

    *Haksayng-tul-i        sakwa-lul      twu-myeng                    mek-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom        apple-Acc      2-Cl                         eat-Past-Dec
    `Two students ate apples'
Example #90:

    a.     Haksayng-tul-i         sakwa-lul      twu-myeng-i                  mek-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom         apple-Acc      2-Cl-Nom                     eat-Past-Dec
    `Two students ate apples'
Example #91:

    c.     Haksayng-tul-i               sakwa-lul     motwu -(ka)/ta(-tul) mek-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom               apple-Acc     all-Nom/all-Pl            eat-Past-Dec
    `All the students ate apples'
Example #92:

    d.     Haksayng-tul-i              sakwa-lul      amwuto           mek-ci-anh-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom              apple-Acc      anyone           eat-CI-not-Past-Dec
    `No students ate apples'
Example #93:

    a.      Haksayng-tul-i     Mary-eykey sey-myeng-i maykcwu-lul           cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom     Mary-Dat       3-Cl-Nom     beer-Acc         give-Past-Dec
    `Three students gave Mary beer'
Example #94:

    b.      Haksayng-tul-i    Mary-eykey sey-myeng-man(-i) maykcwu-lul           cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom Mary-Dat        3-Cl-only-Nom         beer-Acc       give-Past-Dec
    `Only three students gave Mary beer'
Example #95:

    c.    Haksayng-tul-i    Mary-eykey motwu(-ka)/ta maykcwu-lul cwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom Mary-Dat         all-Nom/all        beer-Acc        give-Past-Dec
    `All the students gave Mary beer'
Example #96:

    a.    Haksayng-tul-i    kyosil-lo     sey-myeng-i maykcwu-lul kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom classroom-to 3-Cl-Nom             beer-Acc        bring-Past-Dec
    `Three students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #97:

    b.    Haksayng-tul-i    kyosil-lo     sey-myeng-man(-i) maykcwu-lul kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom classroom-to 3-Cl-only-Nom               beer-Acc       bring-Past-Dec
    `Only three students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #98:

    c.    Haksayng-tul-i    kyosil-lo     motwu(-ka)/ta maykcwu-lul kacyewa-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom classroom-to all-Nom/all           beer-Acc       bring-Past-Dec
    `All students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #99:

    d.    Haksayng-tul-i    kyosil-lo     amwuto maykcwu-lul kacyeo-ci-anh-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom classroom-to anyone        beer-Acc           bring-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `No students brought beer to the classroom'
Example #100:

    b.     (?)Haksayng-tul-i      yelsimhi           sey-myeng-man(-i)            kong-ul         cha-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom       diligently        3-Cl-only-Nom                ball-Acc    kick-Past-Dec
    `Only three students kicked a ball diligently'
Example #101:

    c.     Haksayng-tul-i      yelsimhi             motwu-(ka)/ta(-tul)           kong-ul     cha-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom diligently                all-Nom/all-Pl                ball-Acc    kick-Past-Dec
    `All the students kicked a ball diligently'
Example #102:

    d.    (?)Haksayng-tul-i      yelsimhi           amwuto        kong-ul          cha-ci-anh-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom diligently              anyone        ball-Acc          kick-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `No students kicked a ball diligently'
Example #103:

    a.     Haksayng-tul-i      pwunmyenghi sey-myeng-i                  kong-ul      pat-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom evidently                3-Cl-Nom         ball-Acc         receive-Past-Dec
    `Evidently, three students received a ball'
Example #104:

    b.     Haksayng-tul-i      pwunmyenghi sey-myeng-man(-i)          kong-ul        pat-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom evidently             3-Cl-only-Nom        ball-Acc        receive-Past-Dec
    `Evidently, only three students received a ball'
Example #105:

    c.     Haksayng-tul-i      pwunmyenghi        motwu-(ka)/ta(-tul)      kong-ul     pat-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom evidently               all-Nom/all-Pl           ball-Acc receive-Past-Dec
    `Evidently, all the students received a ball'
Example #106:

    d.     ?Haksayng-tul-i      pwunmyenghi         amwuto      kong-ul      pat-ci-mos-hay-ss-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom evidently                anyone      ball-Acc     receive-CI-not-do-Past-Dec
    `Evidently, no students received/were able to receive a ball.'
Example #107:

    a.     Haksayng-tul-ul        John-i          twu-myeng-ul             kaluchi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Acc         John-Nom        2-Cl-Acc                 teach-Past-Dec
    `John taught two students'
Example #108:

    b.     Haksayng-tul-ul        John-i          twu-myeng-man(-ul) kaluchi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Acc         John-Nom        2-Cl-only-Acc            teach-Past-Dec
    `John taught only two students'
Example #109:

    c.     Haksayng-tul-ul        John-i          motwu(-lul)/ta           kaluchi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Acc         John-Nom        all-Acc/all              teach-Past-Dec
    `John taught all the students'
Example #110:

    d.    Haksayng-tul-ul        John-i            amwuto       kaluchi-ci-anh-ass-ta
    Student-Pl-Acc        John-Nom           anyone       teach-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `John taught no student'
Example #111:

    a.    John-i         haksayng-tul-ul           yelsimhi     twu-myeng-ul             kaluchiessta
    John-Nom       student-Pl-Acc            diligently   2-Cl-Acc                 taught
    `John taught two students diligently'
Example #112:

    c.    John-i         haksayng-tul-ul           yelsimhi     motwu(-lul)/ta           kaluchiessta
    John-Nom       student-Pl-Acc            diligently   all-Acc/all              taught
    `John taught all the students diligently'
Example #113:

    d.    (?)John-i      haksayng-tul-ul           yelsimhi     amwuto        kaluchi-ci-anh-ass-ta
    John-Nom student-Pl-Acc                diligently   anyone        teach-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `John taught no students diligently'
Example #114:

    a.    John-i         haksayng-tul-ul           pwunmyenghi twu-myeng-ul              kaluchiessta
    John-Nom       student-Pl-Acc            evidently    2-Cl-Acc                 taught
    `Evidently, John taught two students'
Example #115:

    b.     John-i          haksayng-tul-ul         pwunmyenghi twu-myeng-man(-ul) kaluchiessta
    John-Nom        student-Pl-Acc          evidently        2-Cl--only-Acc          taught
    `Evidently, John taught only two students'
Example #116:

    c.     John-i          haksayng-tul-ul         pwunmyenghi       motwu(-lul)/ta         kaluchiessta
    John-Nom        student-Pl-Acc          evidently         all-Acc/all            taught
    `Evidently, John taught all the students'
Example #117:

    d.     (?)John-i       haksayng-tul-ul         pwunmyenghi amwuto             kaluchi-ci-anh-ass-ta
    John-Nom student-Pl-Acc              evidently         anyone       teach-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `Evidently, John taught no students'
Example #118:

    a.     John-i          espresso        kikye-lul         tasi   han-tay-lul     sawa-ss-ta
    John-Nom        espresso        machine-Acc again one-Cl-Acc             buy.come-Past-Dec
    `John bought one espresso machine again' (?restitutive, repetitive)
Example #119:

    b.     John-i          espresso        kikye-lul         tasi   han-tay-man sawa-ss-ta
    John-Nom        espresso        machine-Acc again one-Cl-only            buy.come-Past-Dec
    `John bought one espresso machine again' (??restitutive, repetitive)
Example #120:

    (i) *John-i     espresso kikye-lul         tasi amwutokesto sao-ci-anh-ass-ta
    John-Nom espresso machine-Acc again anything             buy.come-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `John bought no espresso machine again' (restitutive, repetitive)
Example #121:

    c.     John-i           espresso     kikye-lul         tasi   mowtu/ta      sawa-ss-ta
    John-Nom         espresso     machine-Acc again all/all              buy.come-Past-Dec
    `John bought one espresso machine again' (restitutive, repetitive)
Example #122:

    a.    ?*Sey-myeng-i     (ecey)          haksayng-tul-i               maykcwu-lul      masi-ess-ta
    3-Cl-Nom        yesterday       student-Pl-Nom               beer-Acc         drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank beer yesterday'
Example #123:

    c.    ?*motwu(-ka)/ta          (ecey)         haksayng-tul-i         maykcwu-lul       masi-ess-ta
    All-Nom/all            yesterday      student-Pl-Nom         beer-Acc         drink-Past-Dec
    `All students drank beer yesterday'
Example #124:

    d.    ?*Amwuto        (ecey)       haksayng-tul-i           maykcwu-lul      masi-ci-anh-ass-ta
    Anyone        yesterday student-Pl-Nom              beer-Acc        drink-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `No students drank beer yesterday'
Example #125:

    a.    ?*Sey-pyeng-ul                    maykcwu-lul         John-i                masi-ess-ta
    Three-Cl-Acc                    beer-Acc            John-Nom              drink-Past-Dec
    `John drank three bottles of beer'
Example #126:

    b.    ?*Sey-pyeng-man(-ul)              maykcwu-lul         John-i                masi-ess-ta
    Three-Cl-only-Acc               beer-Acc            John-Nom              drink-Past-Dec
    `John drank only three bottles of beer'
Example #127:

    (i)   Yel-myeng-ina            haksayng-tul-i            oassta
    10-Cl-DM                 student-Pl-Nom            came
    '10 students came'
Example #128:

    c.     ?*motwu/ta                     maykcwu-lul       John-i                 masi-ess-ta
    All/all                      beer-Acc          John-Nom               drink-Past-Dec
    `John drank all beer'
Example #129:

    d.     ?*Han-pyeng-to                 maykcwu-lul       John-i          masi-ci-anh-ass-ta
    One-Cl-even                  beer-Acc          John-Nom        drink-CI-Neg-Past-Dec
    `John did not drink even a bottle of beer'
Example #130:

    (i)     John-i          Mary-lul      yenge-lul      kaluchi-ess-ta
    John-Nom        Mary-Acc      English-Acc teach-Past-Dec
    `John taught Mary English'
Example #131:

    a.     ?John-i        apeci-ka         kkangphay-tul-ul   sey-myeng      ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Nom      father-Nom       gangster-Pl-Acc    3-Cl           hit-Past-Dec
    `John's father hit three gangsters'
Example #132:

    b.     *John-i        kkangphay-tul-ul       apeci-ka     sey-myeng      ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Nom      gangster-Pl-Acc        father-Nom   3-Cl           hit-Past-Dec
    `John's father hit three gangsters'
Example #133:

    c.     *Kkangphay-tul-ul John-i                 sey-myeng        apeci-ka       ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Acc       John-Nom          3-Cl             father-Nom     hit-Past-Dec
    `John's father hit three gangsters'
Example #134:

    d.     *John-i         kkangphay-tul-ul         sey-myeng        apeci-ka       ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Nom       gangster-Pl-Acc          3-Cl             father-Nom     hit-Past-Dec
    `John's father hit three gangsters'
Example #135:

    e.     ??kkangphay-tul-ul sey-myeng             John-i           apeci-ka       ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Acc      3-Cl              John-Nom         father-Nom     hit-Past-Dec
    `John's father hit three gangsters'
Example #136:

    a.     Haksayng-tul-i sey-myeng maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom 3-Cl             beer-Acc            10-Cl-Acc      drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #137:

    b.     ?*Haksayng-tul-i maykcwu-lul sey-myeng yel-pyeng-ul                   masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc               3-Cl            10-Cl-Acc      drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #138:

    c.     ?*Maykcwu-lul haksayng-tul-i           yel-pyeng-ul sey-myeng masi-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc        student-Pl-Nom 10-Cl-Acc              3-Cl         drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #139:

    d.     ?*Haksayng-tul-i     maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul         sey-myeng masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc            10-Cl -Acc       3-Cl           drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #140:

    e.     ??(Ku) maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul haksayng-tul-i            sey-myeng       masi-ess-ta
    That beer-Acc      10-Cl-Acc        student-Pl-Nom      3-Cl            drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #141:

    a.     John-i         apeci-ka       maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul tu-si-ess-ta
    John-Nom       father-Nom     beer-Acc           10-Cl-Acc       drink-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #142:

    b.     *John-i        maykcwu-lul        apeci-ka         yel-pyeng-ul tu-si-ess-ta
    John-Nom      beer-Acc           father-Nom      10-Cl-Acc        drink-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #143:

    c.     *Maykcwu-lul John-i              yel-pyeng-ul     apeci-ka          tu-si-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc       John-Nom      10-Cl-Acc           father-Nom       drink-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #144:

    d.     *John-i        maykcwu-lul        yel-pyeng-ul apeci-ka          tu-si-ess-ta
    John-Nom      beer-Acc           10-Cl-Acc       father-Nom drink-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #145:

    e.     ??Maykcwu-lul     yel-pyeng-ul         John-i         apeci-ka           tu-si-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc        10-Cl-Acc            John-Nom       father-Nom        drink-Hon-Past-Dec
    `John's father drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #146:

    a.     Kkangphay-tul-i           sey-myeng     John-ul       tali-lul       ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom           3-Cl          John-Acc      leg-Acc        hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #147:

    b.     *Kkangphay-tul-i          John-ul       sey-myeng     tali-lul       ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom           John-Acc      3-Cl          leg-Acc        hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #148:

    c.     *John-ul       kkangphay-tul-i          tali-lul      sey-myeng      ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Acc       gangster-Pl-Nom          leg-Acc       3-Cl           hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #149:

    d.     *Kkangphay-tul-i          John-ul       tali-lul      sey-myeng      ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom          John-Acc      leg-Acc       3-Cl           hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #150:

    e.     ??John-ul      tali-lul          kkangphay-tul-i      sey-myeng      ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Acc      leg-Acc           gangster-Pl-Nom      3-Cl           hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #151:

    a.     Haksayng-tul-i     sey-myeng-i        maykcwu-lul   yel-pyeng    masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom 3-Cl-Nom               beer-Acc      10-Cl        drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #152:

    b.     Haksayng-tul-i     maykcwu-lul    sey-myeng-i yel-pyeng          masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc           3-Cl-Nom        10-Cl          drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #153:

    c.     Maykcwu-lul    haksayng-tul-i     yel-pyeng sey-myeng-i           masi-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc       Student-Pl-Nom 10-Cl             3-Cl-Nom          drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #154:

    d.     Haksayng-tul-i     maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng sey-myeng-i             masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc           10-Cl         3-Cl-Nom         drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #155:

    e.     Maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng         haksayng-tul-i sey-myeng-i masi-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc       10-Cl          student-Pl-Nom 3-Cl-Nom            drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #156:

    a.   Haksayng-tul-i sey-myeng-i         maykcwu-lul      yel-pyeng-ul      masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom 3-Cl-Nom            beer-Acc        10-Cl-Acc          drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #157:

    b.   Haksayng-tul-i      maykcwu-lul     sey-myeng-i      yel-pyeng-ul     masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom beer-Acc             3-Cl-Nom         10-Cl-Acc        drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #158:

    c.   Maykcwu-lul      haksayng-tul-i    yel-pyeng-ul sey-myeng-i             masi-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc         student-Pl-Nom 10-Cl-Acc          3-Cl-Nom             drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #159:

    d.    Haksayng-tul-i      maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul sey-myeng-i                masi-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom      beer-Acc         10-Cl-Acc        3-Cl-Nom         drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #160:

    e.    Maykcwu-lul yel-pyeng-ul       haksayng-tul-i             sey-myeng-i masi-ess-ta
    Beer-Acc       10-Cl-Acc       student-Pl-Nom             3-Cl-Nom     drink-Past-Dec
    `Three students drank 10 bottles of beer'
Example #161:

    a.     Kkangphay-tul-i        sey-myeng-i John-ul               tali-lul      ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom        3-Cl-Nom         John-Acc         leg-Acc       hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #162:

    b.     Kkangphay-tul-i        John-ul          sey-myeng-i      tali-lul      ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom        John-Acc         3-Cl-Nom         leg-Acc       hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #163:

    d.     Kkangphay-tul-i        John-ul          tali-lul         sey-myeng-i ttayli-ess-ta
    Gangster-Pl-Nom        John-Acc         leg-Acc          3-Cl-Nom      hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #164:

    e.     John-ul           tali-lul        kkangphay-tul-i      sey-myeng-i ttayli-ess-ta
    John-Acc          leg-Acc         gangster-Pl-Nom      3-Cl-Nom      hit-Past-Dec
    `Three gangsters hit John's leg'
Example #165:

    (i) Haksayng-tul-i piano-lul           sey-myeng-i hamkkey tul-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom piano-Acc            3-Cl-Nom        together lift-Past-Dec
    `Three students lifted a piano together' (collective reading, *distributive read
Example #166:

    (ii) Haksayng-tul-i tambay-lul         sey-myeng-i phiwu-ess-ta
    Student-Pl-Nom cigarette-Acc 3-Cl-Nom             smoke-Past-Dec
    `Three students smoked a cigarette' (*collective reading, distributive reading)
Example #167:

    a.     John-un    caki-pan     haksayng-i      sey-myeng-i      pwuca-lako    mitnunta
    John-Top self class     student-Nom 3-Cl-Nom             be.rich-C     believe
    `John believes that three students in his class are rich.'
Example #168:

    b.     Haksayng-i      Mary-eykey     sey-myeng-i              ponaye-ci-ess-ta
    Student-Nom Mary-Dat           3-Cl-Nom                 send-Pass-Past-Dec
    `Three students were sent to Mary.'
Example #169:

    (265) a.      Sey-myeng-i             Mary-lul         mann-ass-e
    3-Cl-Nom                Mary-Acc         meet-Past-Dec
    `Three (people) met Mary'
Example #170:

    b.     John-i          sey-myeng-ul             ttayli-ess-e
    John-Nom        3-Cl-Acc                 hit-Past-Dec
    `John hit three (people)'
Example #171:

    (i) *Sey-myeng Mary-lul          mann-ass-e
    3-Cl          Mary-Acc meet-Past-Dec
    `Three (people) met Mary'
Example #172:

    (266) a.       Motwu (-ka)    Mary-lul       mann-ass-e
    All-Nom        Mary-Acc       meet-Past-Dec
    `All (of them) met Mary'
Example #173:

    b.     Mary-ka         motwu(-lul)    mann-ass-e
    Mary-Nom        all-Acc        meet-Past-Dec
    `Mary like all (of them)'
Example #174:

    (267) a.       Amwuto         Mary-lul       mos-mann-ass-e
    Anyone         Mary-Acc       not-meet-Past-Dec
    `No one (none of them) met Mary'
Example #175:

    b.      Mary-nun       amwuto         mos-mann-ass-e
    Mary-Top       anyone         not-meet-Past-Dec
    `Mary met no one (none of them)'
Example #176:

    (276) A:       Haksayng myech-myeng-i              khempyuwuthe chayk-ul        sass-ni?
    Student     how.many-Cl-Nom computer                  book-Acc   bought-Q
    `How many students bought the computer book?'
Example #177:

    B:      ?Haksayng-i              kukes-ul         twu-myeng    sasse
    Student-Nom             it-Acc           2-Cl         bought
    `Two students bought it'
Example #178:

    B:     *Haksayng-i      kukes-ul     twu-myeng       sa-n-il-i            iss-ess-e
    Student-Nom it-Acc          2-Cl            buy-Rel-thing-Nom exist-Past-Dec
    `It happened that two students bought it' (cf. (276))
Example #179:

    B:      Haksayng-i       (ecey)      twu-myeng kukes-ul sa-n-il-i                    iss-ess-e
    Student-Nom      yesterday 2-Cl                  it-Acc   buy-Rel-thing-Nom exist-Past-Dec
    `It happened that two students bought it (yesterday)'
Example #180:

    John-i           apeci-ka      hangsang         kosnolay-lul    pwulusinta
    John-Nom         father-Nom    always           nose.sing-Acc   sing
    `John's father always hums a song'
Example #181:

    Mary-ka          John-ul       meli-lul         capassta
    Mary-Nom         John-Acc      head-Acc         grabbed
    `Mary grabbed John's head'
Example #182:

    Haksayng-i             sey-myeng-i        Mary-lul   mannassta
    Student-Nom            3-Cl-Nom           Mary-Acc met
    `Three students met Mary'
Example #183:

    Ku     kay-ka          haksayng-ul       sey-myeng-ul       mwulessta
    That   dog-Nom         student-Acc       3-Cl-Acc           bit
    `That dog bit three students'
Example #184:

    a.     John-un     caki-pan haksayng-i         sey-myeng-i        pwuca-lako     mitnunta [Nom-Nom]
    John-Top self class student-Nom 3-Cl-Nom                   be.rich-C      believe
    `John believes that three students in his class are rich.'
Example #185:

    c.     *John-un caki-pan haksayng-i sey-myeng-ul pwuca-lako mitnunta                        [*Nom-Acc]
    John-Top self class student-Nom 3-Cl-Acc            be.rich-C        believe
    `John believes three students in his class to be rich.'
Example #186:

    d.     ?John-un     caki-pan haksayng-ul sey-myeng-ul pwuca-lako                  mitnunta [?Acc-Acc]
    John-Top self class student-Acc        3-Cl-Acc           be.rich-C       believe
    `John believes three students in his class to be rich.'
Example #187:

    a.     Haksayng-i            Mary-eykey               sey-myeng-i        ponay-eci-ess-ta
    Student-Nom           Mary-Dat                 3-Cl-Nom           send-Pass-Past-Dec
    `Three students were sent to Mary.'
Example #188:

    b.     *Haksayng-i           Mary-eykey               sey-myeng-ul       ponay-eci-ess-ta
    Student-Nom          Mary-Dat                 3-Cl-Acc           send-Pass-Past-Dec
    `Three students were sent to Mary.'
Example #189:

    a.     John-un           Mary-ka         meli-ka           coh-ta-ko        mitnunta          [Nom-Nom]
    John-Top          Mary-Nom        head-Nom          good-Dec-C       believe
    `John believes that Mary`s head is good (Mary is smart) '
Example #190:

    b.     John-un         Mary-lul        meli-ka           coh-ta-ko      mitnunta            [Acc-Nom]
    John-Top        Mary-Acc        head-Nom          good-Dec-C     believe
    `John believes Mary`s head to be good (Mary is smart)'
Example #191:

    c.     ?John-un        Mary-lul        meli-lul          coh-ta-ko      mitnunta            [?Acc-Acc]
    John-Top       Mary-Acc        head-Acc          good-Dec-C     believe
    `John believes Mary`s head to be good (Mary is smart)' (cf. Japanese: Hiraiwa 20
Example #192:

    a.     John-un         sakwa-ka        kkepcil-i         mas-i       issta-ko     mitnunta [Nom-Nom]
    John-Top        apple-Nom       skin-Nom          taste-Nom exsit-C        believe
    `John believes that apples' skin is delicious' (not pear's skin)
Example #193:

    b.     John-un         sakwa-lul       kkepcil-i         mas-i       issta-ko     mitnunta [Acc-Nom]
    John-Top        apple-Acc       skin-Nom          taste-Nom exsit-C        believe
    `John believes apples' skin to be delicious' (not pear's skin)
Example #194:

    c.     ?John-un        sakwa-lul       kkepcil-ul        mas-i       issta-ko     mitnunta [?Acc-Acc]
    John-Top      apple-Acc       skin-Acc          taste-Nom exsit-C        believe
    `John believes apples' skin to be delicious' (not pear's skin)
Example #195:

    a.     Suni-ka        meli-ka/*lul           piski-eci-ko-iss-ta
    Suni-Nom       head-Nom/Acc           comb-Pass-Prog-Cop-Dec
    `Suni's hair is being combed'
Example #196:

    b.     Panana-ka      kkepcil-i/*ul          kka-ci-ess-ta
    Babana-Nom skin-Nom/Acc               peel-Pass-Past-Dec
    `The banana was peeled'
Example #197:

    Haksayng-i             sey-myeng-i            Mary-lul      mannassta
    Student-Nom            3-Cl-Nom               Mary-Acc      met
    `Three students met Mary'
Example #198:

    Ku      kay-ka         haksayng-ul     sey-myeng-ul         mwulessta
    That   dog-Nom         student-Acc     3-Cl-Acc             bit
    `That dog bit three students'
Example #199:

    (i) John-i      chayk-ul han-sikan-dongan-ul ilk-ess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc one-hour-for-Acc             read-Past-Dec
    `John read a book for an hour'
Example #200:

    (ii) *John-i       chayk-ul han-sikan-dongan-ul twu-kwon ilk-ess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc one-hour-for-Acc             two-Cl        read-Past-Dec
    `John read two books for an hour'
Example #201:

    (ii) John-i         chayk-ul     han-sikan-dongan     twu-kwon ilk-ess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc one-hour-for                  two-Cl       read-Past-Dec
    `John read two books for an hour'
Example #202:

    John-i         apeci-ka       hangsang         kosnolay-lul    pwulusinta
    John-Nom       father-Nom     always           nose.sing-Acc   sing
    `John's father always hums a song'
Example #203:

    a.     *John-un        Mary-ka        meli-lul         coh-ta-ko      mitnunta            [*Nom-Acc]
    John-Top       Mary-Nom       head-Acc         good-Dec-C     believe
    `John believes that Mary`s head is good (Mary is smart) '
Example #204:

    b.     *John-un        sakwa-ka       kkepcil-ul       mas-i       issta-ko     mitnunta [*Nom-Acc]
    John-Top       apple-Nom      skin-Acc         taste-Nom exsit-C        believe
    `John believes that apples' skin is delicious' (not pear's skin)
Example #205:

    (318) Na-nun           khokkili-ka     kho-ka           kkus-i      tantanhata-ko minunta
    I-Top           elephant-Nom nose-Nom tip-Nom                hard.be-C     believe
    `I believe that the tip of elephant's nose is hard'
Example #206:

    (319) *Na -nun         khokkili-ka     kho-lul          kkus-i        tantanhata-ko minunta
    I-Top         elephant-Nom nose-Acc            tip-Nom       hard.be-C     believe
    `I believe that the tip of elephant's nose is hard'
Example #207:

    (320) *Na -nun         khokkili-ka      kho-lul         kkus-ul     tantanhata-ko minunta
    I-Top         elephant-Nom nose-Acc tip-Acc                 hard.be-C     believe
    `I believe that the tip of elephant's nose is hard'
Example #208:

    (321) Mary-ka          John-ul         meli-lul          capassta
    Mary-Nom        John-Acc        head-Acc          grabbed
    `Mary grabbed John's head'
Example #209:

    a.     Suni-ka           meli-ka/*lul         piski-eci-ko-iss-ta
    Suni-Nom          head-Nom/Acc         comb-Pass-Prog-Cop-Dec
    `Suni's hair is being combed'
Example #210:

    b.      Panana-ka      kkepcil-i/*ul          kka-ci-ess-ta
    Babana-Nom skin-Nom/Acc               peel-Pass-Past-Dec
    `The banana was peeled'
Example #211:

    (326) a.         Na-nun Mary-ka       John-ul         meli-lul   piski-ess-ta-ko       mitnunta
    I-Top    Mary-Nom John-Acc           head-Acc comb-Past-Dec-C         believe
    `I believe that Mary combed John's hair'
Example #212:

    b.     Na-nun John-i         Mary-eykey meli-ka         piski-eci-ess-ta-ko    mitnunta
    I-Top      John-Nom Mary-Dat           head-Nom comb-Pass-Past-Dec-C believe
    `I believe that John's hair was combed by Mary'
Example #213:

    c.     ?*Na-nun John-ul       Mary-eykey meli-ka         piski-eci-ess-ta-ko   mitnunta
    I-Top      John-Acc Mary-Dat         head-Nom comb-Pass-Past-Dec-C believe
    `I believe that John's hair was combed by Mary'
Example #214:

    d.     ?*Na-nun John-ul      Mary-eykey meli-lul       piski-eci-ess-ta-ko     mitnunta
    I-Top     John-Acc Mary-Dat      head-Acc comb-Pass-Past-Dec-C        believe
    `I believe that John's hair was combed by Mary'
Example #215:

    Haksayng-i       kay-eykey    son-ul           mwul-li-ess-ta
    Student-Nom dog-Dat           hand-Acc         bite-Pass-Past-Dec
    `A student's hand was bitten by a dog.' (Maling & Kim 1992, p. 65)
Example #216:

    (328) John-i           susulo         Mary-eykey        sonmok-ul     chap-hi-ess-ta
    John-Nom        by.himself     Mary-Dat          wrist-Acc     hold-Pass-Past-Dec
    `John let Mary hold his wrist by himself's will'
Example #217:

    (329) *John-i          susulo         Mary-eykey        meli-ka       pis-eci-ess-ta
    John-Nom      by.himself     Mary-Dat          head-Nom      comb-Pass-Past-Dec
    `John's hair was combed by Mary by himself's will'