ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ivona Kucerová (2007). Agreement in Icelandic.

URL: http://web.mit.edu/kucerova/www/wecol2006-handout.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4062&langcode=isl (2019-05-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   şağ voru     konugi gefnar ambáttir    í vettur.
    EXPL were.pl king.Dat given slaves.Nom in winter
    `A king was given female slaves in winter.'
Example #2:

    b. *Şağ virğast einhverjum manni hestarnir        vera seinir.
    EXPL seem.pl some      man.Dat the-horses.Nom be slow.Nom
    `A man finds the horses slow.'
Example #3:

    b.   Şağ finnast mörgum stúdentum tölvurnar           ljótar.
    EXPL find.pl many students.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Many students find the computers ugly.'
Example #4:

    a. Ég       hafği séğ hana.
    I.Nom had seen her.Acc
    `I had seen her.'
Example #5:

    b. Henni şykir Ólafur          leiğinlegur.
    her.Dat thinks Olaf.Nom boring.Nom
    `She finds Olaf boring.'
Example #6:

    a. Ég       hjálpaği honum.
    I.Nom helped him.Dat
    `I helped him.'
Example #7:

    b. Henni şykir Ólafur            leiğinlegur.
    her.Dat thinks Olaf.Nom boring.Nom
    `She finds Olaf boring.'
Example #8:

    b.   Şağ líkuğu einhverjum şessir              sokkar.
    EXPL liked.pl someone.Dat these socks.Nom
    `Someone liked these socks.'
Example #9:

    (14)     Stelpunum         var       hjálpağ.
    the-girls.Dat.F.pl was.3.sg helped.N.sg.
    `The girls were helped.'
Example #10:

    b. *Şağ virğast einhverjum manni hestarnir        vera seinir.
    EXPL seem.pl some      man.Dat the-horses.Nom be slow.Nom
    `A man finds the horses slow.'
Example #11:

    b.   Şağ finnast mörgum stúdentum tölvurnar           ljótar.
    EXPL find.pl many students.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Many students find the computers ugly.'
Example #12:

    b. *Şağ finnast fáum börnum               tölvurnar                     ljótar.
    EXPL find.pl. few children.Dat.pl computer.D.Nom.pl                 ugl y
    `There are few children that find the computers ugly.'
Example #13:

    b. *Şağ fin      nast       báğum köttumum      mısnar         góğar.
    EXPL fin     d .p l .   both cats-the.Dat   mice-the.Nom   tasty
    `Both the cats   find t     he mice tasty.'
Example #14:

    (24)    a. *Şağ finnst börnum           tölvurnar          ljótar.
    EXPL finds children.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Children find the computers ugly.'
Example #15:

    b. *Şağ finnst börnunum             tölvurnar           ljótar.
    EXPL finds the-children.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `The children find the computers ugly.'
Example #16:

    c. *Şağ finnst Páli         tölvurnar         ljótar.
    EXPL finds Paul.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Paul finds the computers ugly.'
Example #17:

    (25)    a.   Börnum         finnst tölvurnar          ljótar.
    children.Dat finds the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Children find the computers ugly.'
Example #18:

    b.   Börnunum           finnst tölvurnar           ljótar.
    the-children.Dat finds the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `The children find the computers ugly.'
Example #19:

    c.   Páli      finnst tölvurnar          ljótar.
    Paul.Dat finds the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    `Paul finds the computers ugly.'
Example #20:

    b. *Şağ       finnast næstum öllum          börnum            tölvurnar           ljótar.
    EXPL      find.pl. almost all           children.Dat.pl   computer.D.Nom.pl   ugl y
    `Almost all   children find the comp        uters ugly.'
Example #21:

    b. *Şağ fin      nast hverjum ketti            mısnar         góğar.
    EXPL fin    d.pl. each     cat.Dat        mice-the.Nom   tasty
    `Each cat find   the mice tasty.'
Example #22:

    b. Şağ fin       nast       akkúrat    şremur börnum           tölvurnar           ljótar.
    EXPL fin    d .p l .   exactly    three children.Dat.pl   computer.D.Nom.pl   ugl y
    `Exactly three   child      ren find   the computers ugly.'
Example #23:

    b. Nemandinn las bókinai ekki ti .
    student-the read book-the not
    `The student didn't read the book.'
Example #24:

    b. *Mıs elska fáa ketti ekki.
    mice love few cats not
    `Mice do not love few cats.'
Example #25:

    b. *Mısnar elska     hvern kött ekki.
    mice love       each cat not
    `The mice do not l   ove each cat.'
Example #26:

    b. Mısnar       elska akkúrat şrjá ketti ekki.
    mice-the   love exactly three cats not
    `The mice do    not love exactly three cats.'
Example #27:

    b. Mısnar       elska nokkra ketti ekki.
    mice-the   love few-of-the cats not
    `The mice do    not love few of the cats.'
Example #28:

    Şağ finnast mörgum köttum     fljótt  mısnar góğar.
    EXPL find.pl many cats.Dat.pl QUICKLY the-mice tasty
    `Many mice find quickly the mice tasty.'
Example #29:

    a. Nemandinn las ekki şrjár bækur.
    the-student read not three books
    `It is not the case that the student read three books.'
Example #30:

    b. Nemandinn las şrjár bækur ekki.
    the-student read three books not
    `There are three books that the students didn't read.'
Example #31:

    (44)    a.   Şağ finnst    mörgum stúdentum tölvurnar          ljótar.
    EXPL finds.sg many students.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.NOm
    - In general, many students find the computers ugly.
Example #32:

    b.   Şağ finnast mörgum stúdentum tölvurnar               ljótar.
    EXPL find.pl many students.Dat the-computers.Nom ugly.Nom
    puters ugly.
Example #33:

    b. Strákarnir     höfğu   miklu grjóti hent í bí      lana.
    the-boys      had     much rock thrown in th      e-cars
    `The boys had t   hrown    many rocks at the cars.'
Example #34:

    a. Şağ hafa næstum öllum köttum fu              ndist fiskarnir góğir.
    EXPL have almost all       cats     fo     und fish-the.pl good
    `Almost all cats have found the fish tasty.'
Example #35:

    a. Şağ hafa fáum köttum fundist fiskarnir góğir.
    EXPL have few cats        found fish-the.pl good
    `Few cats have found the fish tasty.'
Example #36:

    a. Şağ hafa báğum köttunum fu           ndist fiskarnir góğir.
    EXPL have both cats-the fo         und fish-the.pl good
    `Both of the cats have found the fish   tasty.'
Example #37:

    b. ?Şağ hafa alltaf öllum köttunum fundist fiskarnir góğir.
    EXPL have always all      cats-the found fish-the.pl good
    `All the cats have always found the fish tasty.'
Example #38:

    b. *Hverjum             mundu hafa virst hestarnir vera seinir?
    whom.Dat            would.pl have seemed horses to-be slow
    `To whom            would have seemed the horses to be slow?'
Example #39:

    b. Hvağa       köt t um          virğast mısnar         góğar?
    which      cat.Dat           seem.pl the-mice.Nom tasty
    `To wh     ich cat           do the mice seem to be tasty?'
Example #40:

    b.      Hverjum         virğist mısnar         góğar?
    whom.Dat        seem.pl the-mice.Nom tasty
    `To whom        do the mice seem to be tasty?'