The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Anna Cardinaletti and Ian Roberts (1991). CLAUSE STRUCTURE AND X-SECOND.

URL: http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/mtb23/NSP/XSECOND.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 4071&langcode=deu (2020-08-04).


Example #1:

    (2)a. Ich glaube, gestern hat Maria dieses Buch gelesen.
    I believe yesterday has M. this book read.
    'I believe Mary read this book yesterday.'
Example #2:

    (25)a.      .. daß es ihm    der Johann gestern gegeben hat.
    .. that it him-DAT the J.   yesterday given has.
    '.. that John gave it to him yesterday.'
Example #3:

    b.      Gestern hat es ihm      der Johann gegeben.
    Yesterday has it him-DAT the J.      given.
    'Yesterday John gave it to him.'
Example #4:

    (28) .. daß der Johann es dem       Hans gegeben hat.
    .. that the J.   it the-DAT H. given has.
    '.. that John gave it to Hans.'
Example #5:

    b.      Gestern wurde (*es) getanzt.
    Yesterday was    it danced.
    'Yesterday there was dancing.'
Example #6:

    (62)a.     .. daß pro es ihm ein Mann gegeben hat.
    .. that   it to-him a man given has.
    '.. that a man has given it to him.'
Example #7:

    b.   .. daß pro es ihm dieser Mann gegeben hat.
    .. that   it to-him this man given has.
    '.. that this man has given it to him.'
Example #8:

    (63)     Es hat t ihm ein/dieser Mann das Buch gegeben.
    It has him a/this     man the book given.
    'A/this man has given him the book.'
Example #9:

    (ii)      die Behauptung, er wäre          in Frankfurt
    the statement he were(subj.) in F.
    'the statement he was in F.'
Example #10:

    (iii)     die Behauptung gestern wäre er in Frankfurt
    the statement yesterday were he in F.
    'the statement yesterday he was in F.'
Example #11:

    (i)     ?Es hat t dieser Mann angerufen.
    It has this man called.
    'This man has called.'