ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Adrian Thomas Wymann (1996). THE EXPRESSION OF MODALITY IN KOREAN.

URL: http://www.isw.unibe.ch/isw/forschung/aw_diss.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 448&langcode=kor (2019-06-20).

 

Example #1:

    Minca-ka Bob-u&l        mann-a-ss-ta
    Minca-NOM Bob-ACC meet-Sfx-PAST-SCSfx
    ,,Minca met Bob"
Example #2:

    (38)     sa-o
    buy-MFS:SCSfx
    b) ,,buy!" (imperative)
Example #3:

    (41)     acu an po-i-ne
    completely NEG see-PASS-DFS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(It) is completely out of sight" (HBL 102)
Example #4:

    (44)    kkoch-i phi-n-ta
    flower-NOM bloom-PRES-(NSL):IND:SCSfx
    ,,the flower is blooming" (HBL 103)
Example #5:

    (59)      ppalli ha-si-p-si-o
    quickly do-HON-UFS-IMP-SCSfx
    ,,(Please) do (it) quickly" (HBL 99)
Example #6:

    (61)   tolaka-o
    go:through-MFS:SCSfx
    b) ,,(you) go through" (indicative)
Example #7:

    (62)   ne naka-o
    2sg go:out-HON-MFS:SCSfx
    b) ,,you (2sg) are leaving" (indicative)
Example #8:

    (63)    top-si-o
    help-HON-MFS:SCSfx
    ,,(Please) help!"
Example #9:

    (64)   ice swi-ke
    now rest-DFS:IMP:SCSfx
    ,,Rest now!" (HBL 102)
Example #10:

    (103) chwalyo&ngha-l ho&ka-ka iss-o&-yo
    take:photographs-ADN:FUT permission-NOM exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) may take photographs" (INF)
Example #11:

    (104) chwalyo&ngha-l ho&lak o&ps-o&-yo
    take:photographs-ADN:FUT permission not:exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) may not take photographs" (INF)
Example #12:

    (105) oechul ho&ka-lu&l o&t-ta
    exit permission-ACC receive-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) may go out" (MJS 2026)
Example #13:

    (106) Yo&ngcho&l yo&nghwa kukyo&ng-u&l ka-l inka-lu&l pat-ta
    Y. movie show-ACC go-ADN:FUT permission-ACC receive-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,Yo&ngcho&l may go to see a movie show" (INF)
Example #14:

    (107) i ko&s-u&n kwanyong-u&lo ho&yong toe-o& iss-ta
    this thing-TOP usage-INSTR permission become-CSfx exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,one may do this (it is sanctioned by common usage)" (MJS, 2029)
Example #15:

    (110) ne-nu&n ka-to coh-ta
    2sg-TOP go-Sfx be:good-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,you may go" (SOH 348)
Example #16:

    (112) i kwaca mo&k-o&-to coh-su&p-ni-kka
    this cake eat-CSfx-Sfx be:good-UFS-IND-INTER:SCSfx
    ,,may (I) eat this cake?"(MJS 1591)
Example #17:

    (113) ku&-nu&n cip-u&lo tolaka-to coh-kess-ta
    that-TOP home-LOC return-Sfx be:good-FUT-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he may go home" (INF)
Example #18:

    (114) ice-n cip-u&lo an tolaka-to coh-so
    now-TOP home-LOC NEG return-Sfx be:good-MFS:IND:SCSfx
    b) ,,right now (you) may stay (for the moment)" (LEW 234)
Example #19:

    (115) kongwo&n-u&lo ka-myo&n coh-kess-su&p-ni-kka
    park-LOC go-Sfx be:good-FUT-UFS-IND-INTER:SCSfx
    ,,may (I) go to the park?" (LEW 137)
Example #20:

    (116) co& kuk kyo&ng citae-e tu&lo&ka-si-myo&n an toe-p-ni-ta
    that state border zone-LOC enter -HON-Sfx NEG become-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(One) may not enter the state border zone there" (LEW 137)
Example #21:

    (117) na-nu&n ko&ki-e ka-to kwaenchanh-su&p-ni-ta
    1sg-TOP there-LOC go-Sfx be:allright-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,I am allowed to go there" (INF)
Example #22:

    (118) o&lu&n-u&l so&mki-nu&n ko&s-u&n ai-u&i chaekmu i-p-ni-ta
    elder-ACC serve-ADN:PRES thing-TOP child-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Children must show respect for the elders" (INF)
Example #23:

    (119) kongpu-lu&l cal ha-nu&n ko&s-u&n haksaeng-u&i ponpun i-p-ni-ta
    study-ACC well do-ADN:PRES thing-TOP student-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Students must study well" (INF)
Example #24:

    (120) apo&ci-nu&n Pusan-u&lo ka-l u&imu-ka iss-u&p-ni-ta
    father-TOP Pusan-LOC go-ADN:FUT obligation-NOM exist-COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Father must go to Pusan" (INF)
Example #25:

    (121) napse-u&i u&imu-lu&l ci-p-ni-ta
    taxes-GEN obligation-ACC owe-COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(one) must pay taxes" (MJS 1383)
Example #26:

    (122) i kutu-nu&n suso&nha-l philyo-ka iss-ta
    this shoe-TOP repair-ADN:FUT necessity-NOM exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,these shoes need to be repaired" (MJS 1969)
Example #27:

    (123) amulaeto 5000 wo&n-u&n philyo ha-si-p-ni-ta
    inevitably 5000 Wo&n-TOP necessity AUX-HON-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I) must have 5000 Wo&n" (MJS 1969)
Example #28:

    yoku toe-n-ta
    necessity AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(one) must do this work with great care" (INF)
Example #29:

    (125) ku& ko&s-u&n sukko-lu&l yo ha-n-ta
    that thing-TOP consideration-ACC necessity AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(we) must consider that" (DON 1413)
Example #30:

    (127) i pyo&nci-lu&l ilk-o&-ya ha-n-ta
    this letter-ACC read-CSfx-Sfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) must read this letter" (L&K 162)
Example #31:

    ho&ka-lu&l o&t-o&-ya ha-n-ta
    permission-ACC obtain-CSfx-Sfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) must apply to the authorities for permission to take a photograph here"
Example #32:

    (129) no&-nu&n ciku&m tto&n-a-ya ha-n-ta
    2sg-TOP now leave-CSfx-Sfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,you must leave now" (SOH 347)
Example #33:

    po-a-ya-kess-ta
    see-CSfx-Sfx-Sfx-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) should try to paint that lovely autumn mountain" (LEW 253)
Example #34:

    hwaltong ha-ya toe-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    activity do-Sfx AUX-FUT-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    society" (LEW 254)
Example #35:

    (132) na-nu&n il ha-ci anh-u&myo&n an toe-n-ta
    1sg-TOP work do-NLR not:be-Sfx NEG become-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I must work" (INF)
Example #36:

    o&ps-o&-yo
    not:exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) hate to die, but now I must" (INF)
Example #37:

    anh-u&l su o&ps-ta
    not-ADN:FUT means not:exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I must leave it alone, although with great regret" (DON 880)
Example #38:

    o&ps-u&p-ni-ta
    not:exist-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,We must continue to plant and cultivate" (LEW 212)
Example #39:

    (140) co&ltaelo ku&lae-so&-nu&n an toe-l ko&s i-ta
    absolutely this:way-Sfx-Sfx NEG become-ADN:FUT thing COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(One) should not do that" (DON 1133)
Example #40:

    (141) phyo&nci-lu&l nae-sy-o&-ya ha-l ko&s i-p-ni-ta
    letter-ACC write-HON-CSfx-Sfx AUX-ADN:FUT thing COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(you) should write a letter" (INF)
Example #41:

    (142) ku& nyo&so&k cosim ha-nu&n-ke ko&s coh-u&l ko&-ta
    that guy careful do-ADN:PRES-Sfx thing be:good-ADN:FUT thing-DIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,that guy should be careful (about what he does)" (DON 823)
Example #42:

    sekye-e pichna-ke toe-l ko&s-ip-ni-ta
    world-LOC be:outstanding-ADV become-ADN:FUT thing-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    b) ,,An even more excellent ROK must arise and shine forth in the world" (LEW 12
Example #43:

    o&lu&n-u&l so&mki-nu&n ko&s-u&n ai-u&i chaekmu i-p-ni-ta
    elder-ACC serve-ADN:PRES thing-TOP child-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Children must show respect for the elders"
Example #44:

    DON acu yukamsu&lo&p-ciman na-nu&n ku& ko&s-u&l phoki ha-ci anh-u&l su o&ps-ta
    means not:exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I must leave it alone, although with great regret"
Example #45:

    na-nu&n il ha-ci anh-u&myo&n an toe-n-ta
    1sg-TOP work do-NLR not:be-Sfx NEG become-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I must work"
Example #46:

    oechul ho&ka-lu&l o&t-ta
    2026   exit permission-ACC receive-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) may go out"
Example #47:

    chwalyo&ngha-l ho&lak-i o&ps-o&-yo
    take:photographs-ADN:FUT permission-NOM not:exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(you) may not take photographs"
Example #48:

    i ko&s-u&n kwanyong-u&lo ho&yong toe-o& iss-ta
    2029   this thing-TOP usage-INSTR permission become-CSfx exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,One may do this (it is sanctioned by common usage)"
Example #49:

    Yo&ngcho&l yo&nghwa kukyo&ng-u&l ka-l inka-lu&l pat-ta
    Y. movie show-ACC go-ADN:FUT permission-ACC receive-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,Yo&ngcho&l may go to see a movie show"
Example #50:

    DON ku& nyo&so&k cosim ha-nu&n-ke ko&s coh-u&l ko&-ta
    823     that guy careful do-ADN:PRES-Sfx thing be:good-ADN:FUT thing-DIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,that guy should be careful (about what he does)"
Example #51:

    to& hullyungha-n taehanminkuk-i toe-o& sekye-e pichna-ke toe-l ko&s-ip-ni-ta
    be:outstanding-ADV become-ADN:FUT thing-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    world"
Example #52:

    kongwo&n-u&lo ka-myo&n coh-kess-su&p-ni-kka
    137    park-LOC go-Sfx be:good-FUT-UFS-IND-INTER:SCSfx
    ,,may (I) go to the park?"
Example #53:

    co& kuk kyo&ng citae-e tu&lo&ka-si-myo&n an toe-p-ni-ta
    137    that state border zone-LOC enter -HON-Sfx NEG become-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(One) may not enter the state border zone there"
Example #54:

    i kutu-nu&n suso&nha-l philyo-ka iss-ta
    1969    this shoe-TOP repair-ADN:FUT necessity-NOM exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,these shoes need to be repaired"
Example #55:

    kongpu-lu&l cal ha-nu&n ko&s-u&n haksaeng-u&i ponpun i-p-ni-ta
    study-ACC well do-ADN:PRES thing-TOP student-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,students must study well"
Example #56:

    cuk-ki-nu&n silh-ciman i co&n pyo&-l su-ka o&ps-o&-yo
    UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) hate to die, but now I must"
Example #57:

    ani toe-n-ta
    become-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,We must not take myths or legends or tales to be lies"
Example #58:

    taman cakku sim-ko kakku-nu&n su pakk-e o&ps-u&p-ni-ta
    IND-SCSfx
    ,,We must continue to plant and cultivate"
Example #59:

    i kwaca mo&k-o&-to coh-su&p-ni-kka
    1591    this cake eat-Cfx-Sfx be:good-UFS-IND-INTERROG:SCSfx
    ,,may I eat this cake?"
Example #60:

    DON cane-nu&n ham-kke ka-to kwaenchanh-ta
    323    2sg-TOP in:company go-Sfx be:allright-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,you may go with (them)"
Example #61:

    apo&ci-nu&n pusan-u&lo ka-l u&imu-ka iss-u&p-ni-ta
    father-TOP Pusan-LOC go-ADN:FUT obligation-NOM exist-COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Father must go to Pusan"
Example #62:

    phyo&nci-lu&l nae-sy-o&-ya ha-l ko&s i-p-ni-ta
    letter-ACC write-HON-CSfx-Sfx AUX-ADN:FUT thing COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(you) should write a letter"
Example #63:

    i phyo&nci-lu&l ilk-o&-ya ha-ta
    162    this letter-Obj read-Cfx-Sfx Aux-SCSfx
    ,,(he) must read this letter"
Example #64:

    toe-n-ta
    AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(one) must do this work with great care"
Example #65:

    (145) nalssi-ka kae-l kamang-u&n iss-ta
    weather-NOM be:clear-ADN:FUT possibility-TOP exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,the weather may clear up" (MJS 13)
Example #66:

    (146) han kae wo&l inae-e pokku kanu&ngso&ng-i iss-ta
    NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,it may (all) be restored (to the original state) within a month" (MJS 5)
Example #67:

    (147) i caek-u&n so&ngkong-u&i kamang-i khu&-p-ni-ta
    this book-TOP success-GEN possibility-NOM be:big-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,this book may well be a success" (INF)
Example #68:

    (148) ku&-nu&n yucoe-lo chuco&ng ha-n-ta
    that-TOP guilt-INSTR presumption AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he may be guilty (I presume)" (MJS 1770)
Example #69:

    kath-a-yo
    seem-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I think) I may have walked ten miles" (INF)
Example #70:

    kath-a-yo
    seem-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) may live in Cheju City (I presume)" (INF)
Example #71:

    h-ae-yo
    AUX-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I suppose that) he may go to the States" (INF)
Example #72:

    (153) chuco&ng-sangsokin
    probability-heir
    ,,the heir most likely" (DON 1114)
Example #73:

    mit-su&p-ni-ta
    believe-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I believe that) Denzel Washington may star in this movie" (INF)
Example #74:

    (156) pi-ka o-l nu&kkim tu&-n-ta
    rain-NOM come-ADN:FUT notion come:to:be-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "It may rain soon" (lit. ,,I have a feeling it will come on to rain") (INF)
Example #75:

    (157) ku&lo&-l su iss-o&-yo
    be:like:that-ADN:FUT possibility exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    "It may be like that" (INF)
Example #76:

    (160) po&su&-ka nu&c-u&l ko&s kath-ta
    bus-NOM be:late-ADN:FUT thing seem-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "The bus may be late" (INF)
Example #77:

    (161) ku&lo&ke mal ha-myo&n so&ngnae-l ko&s i-ta
    like:that speech AUX-Sfx get:angry-ADN:FUT thing COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "(he) is likely to get angry if (you) say that" (MAR 607)
Example #78:

    mit-su&p-ni-ta
    believe-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(we believe) you must have received our letters" (DON 1050)
Example #79:

    (166) ku& salam phikonha-l ko&s i-o&-yo
    that man tire-ADN:FUT thing COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must be tired" (INF)
Example #80:

    manh-a-ss-u&l ko&s i-ta
    be:many-CSfx-PAST-ADN:FUT thing COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,There must have been many people who did not know Chinese writing" (LUK 393)
Example #81:

    (168) Pak so&nsaeng-i samusil-e kesi-l sem i-ta
    Pak Mr.-NOM office-LOC be:HON-ADN:FUT conjecture COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,Mr. Pak must be in his office (he is bound to be)" (INF)
Example #82:

    (169) ilha-ko iss-nu&n sem i-ta
    work-Sfx exist-ADN:PRES conjecture COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) must be working" (MJS 994)
Example #83:

    tho& i-e-yo
    expectation COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) must have been discharged from the hospital by now" (INF)
Example #84:

    (171) ku&ro&h-l li iss-o&-yo
    be:such-ADN:FUT good:reason exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,It must be true" (INF)
Example #85:

    (172) ku&-nu&n al-ko iss-u&m-e thu&llim o&ps-ta
    that-TOP be:sick-Sfx exist-NLR-LOC error not:exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must be sick" (DON 857)
Example #86:

    al-a-ss-ta
    know-CSfx-PAST-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I almost know for certain that) he must have been at home" (MJS 1614)
Example #87:

    i-e-yo
    COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(without doubt) that man must be a medical doctor" (INF)
Example #88:

    (176) no& i tongne sal-ko&s-ta
    2sg this village live-AUX-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,you must live in this village (I assume)" (MJS 83)
Example #89:

    (177) ku& salam-i h-ae-ss-u&l-ko&l
    that man-NOM do-CSfx-PAST-ADN:FUT-Sfx
    ,,he must have done it" (DON 353)
Example #90:

    (178) o&ce so&ul-e pi-ka manhi w-a-ss-kess-ta
    yesterday Seoul-LOC rain-NOM much come-CSfx-PAST-Sfx-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I presume that) it must have rained a lot in Seoul yesterday" (SHI 77)
Example #91:

    (179a) naeil nalssi-ka coh-u&l ko&s i-p-ni-ta
    tomorrow weather-NOM be:good-ADN:FUT thing COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,The weather tomorrow will (probably) be fine" (LUK 394)
Example #92:

    (179b) naeil nalssi-ka coh-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    tomorrow weather-NOM be:good-Sfx-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(We expect) the weather tomorrow will be fine" (LUK 394)
Example #93:

    na-u&i chuchu&k-u&lo-nu&n ku&-nu&n 50 se kalyang i-ta
    1771   1sg-GEN surmise-INSTR-TOP that-TOP 50 age approximately COP-CF
    ,,he may be fifty years old (I should suppose him to be)"
Example #94:

    DON chuco&ng-sangsokin
    1114   probability-heir
    ,,The heir most likely"
Example #95:

    ku&-nu&n hoksi onu&l o-l-ci molu&-n-ta
    that-TOP perhaps today come-ADN:FUT-NLR not:know-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,He may come today"
Example #96:

    ko&th-u&lo po-a nai su&mul-u&n toe-l ko&s-u&lo cimcag h-ae-ss-ta
    estimate AUX-CSfx-PAST-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,from his appearance he must have been 20"
Example #97:

    ku&-ka cip-e iss-nu&n cul al-a-ss-ta
    NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I almost know for certain that) he must have been at home"
Example #98:

    tencel wasingtho&n-u&n i yo&nghwa-e chulyo&nha-si-l chul mit-su&p-ni-ta
    believe-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I believe that) Denzel Washington may star in this movie"
Example #99:

    phyo&nghwa-ka w-a-ss-ta-ko kaco&ng h-ae-yo
    UFS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I suppose that) peace may have come"
Example #100:

    nalssi-ka kae-l kamang-u&n iss-ta
    13    weather-NOM be:clear-ADN:FUT possibility-TOP exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,the weather may clear up"
Example #101:

    ku&-nu&n mikuk-u&lo ka-l ko&s i-la-ko kasang h-ae-yo
    AUX-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I suppose that) he may go to the States"
Example #102:

    ku&-nu&n ice kot tol-a o-kess-ta
    that-TOP now immediately return-CSfx come-Sfx-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,He must be here any minute"
Example #103:

    DON ku& salam-i h-ae-ss-u&l-ko&l
    353     that man-NOM do-CSfx-PAST-ADN:FUT-Sfx
    ,,he must have done it"
Example #104:

    ku& salam phikonha-l ko&s i-o&-yo
    that man tire-ADN:FUT thing COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must be tired"
Example #105:

    po&su&-ka nu&c-u&l ko&s kath-ta
    bus-NOM be:late-ADN:FUT thing seem-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "The bus may be late"
Example #106:

    no& i tongne sal-ko&s-ta
    83     2sg this village live-AUX-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,you must live in this village (I assume)"
Example #107:

    ciku&m-ccu&m hankuk-e-n kkoch-i manpa-l ha-li-la
    125     now-around Korea-LOC-TOP flower-NOM bloom-ADN:FUT AUX-Sfx-Sfx
    ,,(I presume) flowers must be blossoming in Korea around this time"
Example #108:

    ku&ro&-l li iss-o&-yo
    be:such-ADN:FUT good:reason exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,It must be true"
Example #109:

    DON tangsin-i uli-u&i phyo&nci-lu&l pat-u&sy-o&-ss-u&li-la-ko mit-su&p-ni-ta
    believe-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(we believe) you must have received our letters"
Example #110:

    pi-ka o-l nu&kkim tu&-n-ta
    rain-NOM come-ADN:FUT notion come:to:be-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "It may rain soon" (lit. ,,I have a feeling it will come on to rain")
Example #111:

    na-u&i phantan-u&lo-nu&n ku&-nu&n acu co&ngcikha-n salam i-l ko&s kath-ta
    COP-ADN:FUT thing seem-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,He must be a very honest man in my opinion"
Example #112:

    na-u&i saengkak-u&lo-nu&n ku&-nu&n onu&l tol-a o-l ko&s kath-su&p-ni-ta
    seem-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,He is bound to return today (according to my belief)"
Example #113:

    Yo&ngcho&l-u&n san-u&lo ka-la-ko sangsang ha-n-ta
    Y.-TOP mountain-LOC go-Sfx-Sfx assumption AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I assume that) Yo&ngcho&l may go to the mountains"
Example #114:

    ilha-ko iss-nu&n sem i-ta
    994     work-Sfx exist-ADN:PRES conjecture COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must be working"
Example #115:

    ku&lo&-l su iss-ta
    1026    be:such-ADN:FUT possibility exist-CF
    ,,It may be so"
Example #116:

    ciku&m-ccu&m-u&n ku&-ka pyo&ngwo&n-eso& na-w-a-ss-u&l tho& i-e-yo
    expectation COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must have been discharged from the hospital by now"
Example #117:

    DON ku&-nu&n al-ko iss-u&m-e thu&llim o&ps-ta
    857     that-TOP be:sick-Sfx exist-NLR-LOC error not:exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he must be sick"
Example #118:

    u&isim ha-l pa o&ps-i co& salam-u&n u&isa i-e-yo
    UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(without doubt) that man must be a medical doctor"
Example #119:

    (182) ku& sae-ka cuk-o&-ss-kess-kun-a
    that bird-NOM die-CSfx-PAST-Sfx-Sfx-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    "That bird must have died!" (SOH 354)
Example #120:

    (184) ku&lo&m thusu ,,rotation"-i kacang cungyoha-n kwanko&n-i-kess-ne
    so pitcher rotation-NOM be:important-ADN:PRES key:point-COP-Sfx-Sfx
    "Ah, then the pitching rotation must be the most important factor!" (HSL 404)
Example #121:

    tolaka-n-ta-ko-yo
    return-PRES-NSL:IND-Sfx-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    saying?)" (LEW 220)
Example #122:

    (187) ttal i-la-ko ha-n-ta
    daughter COP-NSL:IND-Sfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(they say) (she) is the daughter (L&K 241)
Example #123:

    heo&ci-o& ka-ko mal-a-ss-u&l ko&s i-ta
    scatter-CSfx go-Sfx leave-CSfx-PAST-ADN:FUT thing COP-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    (their) own places by now" (HWA 235)
Example #124:

    ku&lo&m thusu ,,rotation"-i kacang cungyoha-n kwanko&n-i-kess-ne
    404    so pitcher rotation-NOM be:important-ADN:PRES key:point-COP-Sfx-Sfx
    "Ah, then the pitching rotation must be the most important factor!"
Example #125:

    i sacin maepu-ka ccik-o&ss-ta-ko h-ae-yo
    UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(They) say that my brother-in-law took this picture" (LUK 198)
Example #126:

    iss-u&p-ni-ta
    exist-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Even in the dark of night you can walk if you have a light" (ECK 184)
Example #127:

    (192) kae-nu&n us-u&l su o&ps-o&-yo
    dog-TOP laugh-ADN:FUT means not:exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,Dogs are unable to laugh" (SOH 348)
Example #128:

    (194) co&naek-cipul ha-l nu&nglyo&k iss-u&p-ni-ta
    full-payment do-ADN:FUT capability exist-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I) can pay (you) back in full" (INF)
Example #129:

    (195) kicha-lu&l tha-l yo&yu iss-o& yo
    train-ACC ride-ADN:FUT margin exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(One) can take the train" (INF)
Example #130:

    (196) kaelyang-u&i yo&ci iss-o& yo
    improvement-GEN scope exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,it can be improved" (INF)
Example #131:

    a-si-p-ni-ta
    know-HON-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,that teacher speaks Korean" (INF)
Example #132:

    (199) heo&mchi-l chul-u&l al-ko iss-o&-yo
    swim-ADN:FUT knowledge-ACC know-Sfx exist-XIS-UIS-IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) can swim" (INF)
Example #133:

    (200) na-l su iss-o&-yo
    fly-ADN:FUT means exist-XIS-UIS-IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) can fly!" (INF)
Example #134:

    heo&mchi-l cul-u&l al-ta
    1614   swim-ADN:FUT know:how-Obj know-CF
    ,,to know how to swim"
Example #135:

    co&naek-cipul ha-l nu&nglyo&k iss-u&p-ni-ta
    full-payment do-ADN:FUT capability exist-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I) can pay (you) back in full"
Example #136:

    o&tuu-n pam i-la-to pulkyo&tu&l-myo&n ka-l su iss-u&p-ni-ta
    exist-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Even in the dark of night you can walk if you have a light"
Example #137:

    kaelyang-u&i yo&ci iss-o& yo
    improvement-GEN scope exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,it can be improved"
Example #138:

    kicha-lu&l tha-l yo&yu iss-o& yo
    train-ACC ride-ADN:FUT margin exist-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) can take the train"
Example #139:

    (201) cip-e tolaka-ko siph-su&p-ni-ta
    home-LOC return-Sfx wish-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to go home" (INF)
Example #140:

    (202) ku& cali-lu&l noli-p-ni-ta
    that job-ACC want-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(he) is after that job" (INF)
Example #141:

    (203) na-nu&n pyo&nhwa-ka iss-ki-lu&l pala-n-ta
    1sg-TOP change-NOM exist-NLR-ACC wish-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want a change" (MJS 693)
Example #142:

    (204) ilsaeng-u&l sikol-eso& sa-l cakco&ng i-e-yo
    lifetime-ACC country-LOC live-ADN:FUT intention COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to spend my entire life in the country" (DON 946)
Example #143:

    (205) na-nu&n khu&-n catongcha sa-ki-lu&l sowo&n i-e-yo
    1sg-TOP be:big-ADN:PRES car buy-NLR-ACC wish COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want to buy a big car" (INF)
Example #144:

    (206) maekcu han pyo&ng masi-ki-lu&l wo&n h-ae-yo
    beer one bottle drink-NLR-ACC wish AUX-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to drink a bottle of beer" (PUL 201)
Example #145:

    chungtong-u&l nu&kki-n-ta
    urge-ACC feel-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I feel I want to say everything" (DON 304)
Example #146:

    nae-n-ta
    start-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he wants everything he sees" (DON 1152)
Example #147:

    (210) na-nu&n o&no&hakca-ka toe-ko c-a ha-n-ta
    1sg-TOP linguist-NOM become-Sfx want-CSfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want to become a linguist" (INF)
Example #148:

    (211) na-nu&n nolae-lu&l pulu&-lyo& h-ae-ss-ta
    1sg-TOP song-ACC sing-Sfx AUX-CSfx-PAST-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I wanted to sing" (DON 1413)
Example #149:

    (IV)       es wot cho rägne
    EXPLETIVE want come to:rain
    ,,It looks like rain"
Example #150:

    (212) co&-nu&n losu&aencellesu&-e ka-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    1sg-TOP Los:Angeles-LOC go-Sfx-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,I will (want to) go to Los Angeles"(INF)
Example #151:

    DON ilsaeng-u&l sikol-eso& sa-l cakco&ng i-e-yo
    946     lifetime-ACC country-LOC live-ADN:FUT intention COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to spend my entire life in the country"
Example #152:

    DON na-nu&n coeta mal h-ae p&oli-ko siph-u&n chungtong-u&l nu&kki-n-ta
    PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I feel I want to say everything"
Example #153:

    losu&aencellesu&-e ka-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    Los:Angeles-LOC go-Sfx-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,I will (want to) go to Los Angeles"
Example #154:

    na-nu&n o&no&hakca-ka toe-ko c-a ha-n-ta
    1sg-TOP linguist-NOM become-Sfx want-CSfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want to become a linguist"
Example #155:

    DON na-nu&n nolae-lu&l pulu&-lyo& h-ae-ss-ta
    1413   1sg-TOP song-ACC sing-Sfx AUX-CSfx-PAST-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I wanted to sing"
Example #156:

    ku& cali-lu&l noli-p-ni-ta
    that job-ACC want-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(he) is after that job"
Example #157:

    na-nu&n pyo&nhwa-ka iss-ki-lu&l pala-n-ta
    693    1sg-TOP change-NOM exist-NLR-ACC wish-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want a change"
Example #158:

    na-nu&n khu&-n catongcha sa-ki-lu&l sowo&n i-e-yo
    1sg-TOP be:big-ADN:PRES car buy-NLR-ACC wish COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want to buy a big car"
Example #159:

    DON ku&-nu&n po-nu&n ko&s-u&n motu tham nae-n-ta
    NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,he wants everything he sees"
Example #160:

    maekcu han pyo&ng masi-ki-lu&l wo&n h-ae-yo
    201    beer one bottle drink-NLR-ACC wish AUX-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to drink a bottle of beer"
Example #161:

    (214) chil-yuk-i myo&s myo&ng-i-to&-la
    seven-six-NOM how:many NC(person)-COP-Sfx-Sfx
    ,,(let me see) how many (students) were there in the class of `76?" (HSL 425)
Example #162:

    (217) na-nu&n khu&-n catongcha sa-ki-lu&l sowo&n i-e-yo
    1sg-TOP be:big-ADN:PRES car buy-NLR-ACC wish COP-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want to buy a big car" (INF)
Example #163:

    (218) co&-nu&n losu&aencellesu&-e ka-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    1sg-TOP Los:Angeles-LOC go-Sfx-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,I will (want to) go to Los Angeles"(INF)
Example #164:

    (220) i caek-u&n so&ngkong-u&i kamang-i khu&-p-ni-ta
    this book-TOP success-GEN possibility-NOM be:big-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,this book may well be a success" (INF)
Example #165:

    (221) naeil nalssi-ka coh-u&l ko&s i-p-ni-ta
    tomorrow weather-NOM be:good-ADN:FUT thing COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,The weather tomorrow will (probably) be fine" (LUK 394)
Example #166:

    h-ae-yo
    AUX-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I suppose that) he may go to the States" (INF)
Example #167:

    (223) na-nu&n pyo&nhwa-ka iss-ki-lu&l pala-n-ta
    1sg-TOP change-NOM exist-NLR-ACC wish-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I want a change" (MJS 693)
Example #168:

    (224) cip-e tolaka-ko siph-su&p-ni-ta
    home-LOC return-Sfx wish-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(I) want to go home" (INF)
Example #169:

    (225) co& kuk kyo&ng citae-e tu&lo&ka-si-myo&n an toe-p-ni-ta
    that state border zone-LOC enter -HON-Sfx NEG become-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,(One) may not enter the state border zone there" (LEW 137)
Example #170:

    (227) i pyo&nci-lu&l ilk-o&-ya ha-n-ta
    this letter-ACC read-CSfx-Sfx AUX-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) must read this letter" (L&K 162)
Example #171:

    (228) o&ce so&ul-e pi-ka manhi w-a-ss-kess-ta
    yesterday Seoul-LOC rain-NOM much come-CSfx-PAST-Sfx-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(I presume that) it must have rained a lot in Seoul yesterday" (SHI 77)
Example #172:

    (228) Yo&ngcho&l yo&nghwa kukyo&ng-u&l ka-l inka-lu&l pat-ta
    Y. movie show-ACC go-ADN:FUT permission-ACC receive-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,Yo&ngcho&l may go to see a movie show" (INF)
Example #173:

    (229) i kutu-nu&n suso&nha-l philyo-ka iss-ta
    this shoe-TOP repair-ADN:FUT necessity-NOM exist-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,these shoes need to be repaired" (MJS 1969)
Example #174:

    (230) na-nu&n il ha-ci anh-u&myo&n an toe-n-ta
    1sg-TOP work do-NLR not:be-Sfx NEG become-PRES-NSL:IND:SCSfx
    ,,I must work" (INF)
Example #175:

    (231) kongwo&n-u&lo ka-myo&n coh-kess-su&p-ni-kka
    park-LOC go-Sfx be:good-FUT-UFS-IND-INTER:SCSfx
    ,,may (I) go to the park?" (LEW 137)
Example #176:

    hwaltong ha-ya toe-kess-u&p-ni-ta
    activity do-Sfx AUX-FUT-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    society" (LEW 254)
Example #177:

    (233) kongpu-lu&l cal ha-nu&n ko&s-u&n haksaeng-u&i ponpun i-p-ni-ta
    study-ACC well do-ADN:PRES thing-TOP student-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,students must study well" (INF)
Example #178:

    kath-a-yo
    seem-XIS-UIS:IND:SCSfx
    ,,(he) may live in Cheju City (I presume)" (INF)
Example #179:

    (242) kongpu-lu&l cal ha-nu&n ko&s-u&n haksaeng-u&i ponpun i-p-ni-ta
    study-ACC well do-ADN:PRES thing-TOP student-GEN duty COP-UFS-IND-SCSfx
    ,,Students must study well" (INF)