ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sun-Hee Lee (2001). ARGUMENT COMPOSITION AND LINEARIZATION.

URL: http://ling.ohio-state.edu/~shlee/osuwpl56-shl.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 47&langcode=kor (2019-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1) John-i     ku saken-ul        cosa-lul        ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom that accident-Acc investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John did an investigation of that accident.'
Example #2:

    (6) a. John-i     [S Mary-ka chayk-ul kakkum ilke-yahan-tako] malhayssta
    John-Nom Mary-Nom book-Acc sometimes read-must-Comp said
    `John said that Mary should read a book sometimes.'
Example #3:

    b. John-i     Mary-eykey [VP chayk-ul kakkum ilk-ulako] seltukhayssta
    John-Nom Mary-to          book-Acc sometimes read-Ending persuaded
    `John persuaded Mary to sometimes read a book.'
Example #4:

    c. John-i     Mary-eykey chayk-ul kakkum [ ilk-key  hayessta ]
    John-Nom Mary-Dat book-Acc sometimes read-Ending caused
    2. `John caused Mary to sometimes read a book.'
Example #5:

    (7) John-i    Mary-lul han sikan-maney kippu-key         hayessta
    John-Nom Mary-Acc one hour-in        be happy-Ending caused
    `John caused Mary to be happy in an hour.'
Example #6:

    1. Mary-ka ku chayk-ul ilk-key          John-eykey hayessta
    Mary-Nom that book-Acc read-Ending John-to      caused
    `Mary caused John to read the book.'
Example #7:

    2. *Mary-ka ku chayk-ul ilk-key         John-ul hayessta
    Mary-Nom that book-Acc read-Ending John-Acc caused
    `Mary caused John to read the book.'
Example #8:

    (8) a. tahaynghi, John-i     [S Mary-ka chayk-ul ilk-key] hayessta
    fortunately John-Nom Mary-Nom book-Acc read-Ending caused
    `Fortunately, John caused Mary to read a book.'
Example #9:

    b. John-i     [S Mary-ka, tahaynghi, chayk-ul ilk-key] hayessta
    John-Nom Mary-Nom fortunately book-Acc read-Ending caused
    `Fortunately, John caused Mary to read a book.'
Example #10:

    c. John-i     [S Mary-ka chayk-ul, tahaynghi, ilk-key] hayessta
    John-Nom Mary-Nom a book fortunately read-Ending caused
    `Fortunately, John caused Mary to read a book.'
Example #11:

    (9) a. tahaynghi, John-i      Mary-ul [VP chay-ul ilk-key ] seltukhayessta
    fortunately John-Nom Mary-Acc book-Acc read-Ending persuaded
    `Fortunately, John persuaded Mary to read a book.'
Example #12:

    b. John-i     Mary-ul [VP chay-ul, tahaynghi, ilk-key ] seltukhayessta
    John-Nom Mary-Acc book-Acc fortunately read-Ending persuaded
    `Fortunately, John persuaded Mary to read a book.'
Example #13:

    (10) a. tahaynghi, John-i     Mary-eykey chayk-ul ilk-key hayessta
    fortunately John-Nom Mary-Dat book-Acc read caused
    `Fortunately, John caused Mary to read a book.'
Example #14:

    b. John-i     Mary-eykey chayk-ul, tahaynghi, ilk-key hayessta
    John-Nom Mary-Dat book-Acc fortunately read-Ending caused
    `Fortunately, John caused Mary to read a book.'
Example #15:

    (11) a. John-i     ku saken-ul        cosa-ul         ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom that accident-Acc investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John did an investigation of that accident.'
Example #16:

    b. John-i     ku saken-uy        cosa-lul        ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom that accident-Gen investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John did an investigation of that accident.'
Example #17:

    (12) a. John-i    kutul-kwa hyepsang-ul      ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom them-with negotiation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John made a negotiation with them.'
Example #18:

    (13) a. ku saken-un       John-i       cosa-lul         ha-yess-ta
    that accident-Top John- Nom investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `As for that accident, I did an investigation.'
Example #19:

    b. kutul-kwa-nun John-i      hyepsang-ul      ha-yess-ta
    them-with-Top John-Nom negotiation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `As for with them, John made a negotiation.'
Example #20:

    (14) a. John-i    cosa-lul           ha-n kes-un ku saken-ita
    John-Nom investigation-Acc do-Rel what-Top that accident-Copular
    `What John did an investigation was that accident'
Example #21:

    b. John-i    hyepsang-ul     ha-n kes-un kutul-kwa-ita
    John-Nom negotiation-Acc do-Rel what-Top them-with-Copular
    `Who John made a negotiation with was them.'
Example #22:

    (15) a. Yenghuy-ka chingwu-uy oppa-lul        salanghanta
    Yenghuy-Nom friend-Gen brother-Acc loves
    `Yenghuy loves her friend's brother.'
Example #23:

    b. *chingwu-nun Yenghuy-ka oppa-lul            salanghanta
    friend-Top      Yenghuy-Nom brother-Acc loves
    `As for a friend, Yenghuy loves her brother.'
Example #24:

    c. *Yenghuy-ka oppa-lul         salangha-nun kes-un chingwu-ita
    Yenghui-Nom brother-Acc loves-REL who-Top friend-copula
    `It is her friend whose brother Yenghuy loves.(lit)'
Example #25:

    (16) a. John-i      ku saken-ul        cosa-lul           machi-ess-ta
    John-Nom that accident-Acc investigation-Acc finish-Past-Ending
    `John finished the investigation of that accident.'
Example #26:

    b. John-i      ku saken-uy        cosa-lul           machi-ess-ta
    John-Nom that accident-Gen investigation-Acc finish-Past-Ending
    `John finished the investigation of that accident.'
Example #27:

    (17) a. John-i    kutul-kwa hyepsang-ul       kkuthnay-ess-ta
    John-Nom them-with negotiation-Acc end-Past-Ending
    `John ended the negotiation with them.'
Example #28:

    b. John-i    kutul-kwa-uy hyepsang-ul      kkuthnay-ess-ta
    John-Nom them-with-Gen negotiation-Acc end-Past-Ending
    `John ended the negotiation with them.'
Example #29:

    (18) a. Na-nun nay salm-ey hoyuy-lul           nukki-ess-ta
    I-Top my life-in skepticism-Acc feel-Past-Ending
    `I felt a skepticism in my life.(lit)'
Example #30:

    b. Na-nun sulpum-lul nukki-ess-ta
    I-Top sorrow-Acc feel-Past-Ending
    `I felt sorrow.'
Example #31:

    (19) a. Chelswu-ka John-eykey kocangnan sikye-lul swuli-lul mathki-ess-ta
    Chelswu-Nom John-to       broken      watch-Acc repair-Acc entrust-Past-Ending
    `Chelswu entrusted the repair of a broken watch to John.'
Example #32:

    b. Na-nun John-eykey caysan-ul        mathki-ess-ta
    I-Top John-to       property-Acc entrust-Past-Ending
    `I entrusted my property to John.'
Example #33:

    (20) a. Na-nun ku saken-ul chelcehi cosa-lul                  ha-yess-ta
    I-Top that accident-ul thoroughly investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `I did an investigation of that accident thoroughly.'
Example #34:

    b. Na-nun ku saken-ul cosa-lul                 chelcehi ha-yess-ta
    I-Top that accident-ul investigation-Acc thoroughly do-Past-Ending
    `I did an investigation of that accident thoroughly.'
Example #35:

    (21) a. Na-un nay salm-ey khukey hoyuy-lul             nukki-ess-ta
    I-Top my life-in greatly skepticism-Acc feel-Past-Ending
    `I greatly felt a skepticism in my life.'(lit)
Example #36:

    b. Na-nun nay salm-ey hoyuy-lul            khukey nukki-ess-ta
    I-Top my life-in skepticism-Acc greatly feel-Past-Ending
    `I greatly felt a skepticism in my life' (lit)
Example #37:

    (22) Na-nun ku saken-ul chelcehan cosa-lul              ha-yess-ta
    I-Top that accident-ul thorough investigation-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `I did a thorough investigation of that accident.'
Example #38:

    (23) Na-nun salm-ey khun hoyuy-ul nukki-ess-ta
    I-Top life-in great skepticism feel-Past-Ending
    `I felt a great skepticism in my life.'(lit.)
Example #39:

    (24) a. John-i     tosekwan-ey [NP chayk-uy pannap-ul] ha-n-ta
    John-Nom library-to         book-Gen return-Acc do-Pres-Ending
    `John returns the book to the library.'
Example #40:

    b. John-i     Mary-eykey [NP kkoch-uy senmwul-ul] ha-n-ta
    John-Nom Mary-to           flower-Gen present-Acc do-Pres-Ending
    `John presents flowers to Mary.'
Example #41:

    (25) John-i    Mary-eykey [[ ppalli ka-key ] hayessta]
    John-Nom Mary-to          fast go-Ending made
    `John made Mary go fast.'
Example #42:

    (26) John-i     ku saken-ul       [[ chelcehan cosa-lul ]  hayessta]
    John-Nom that accident-Acc thorough investigation-Acc did
    `John did thorough investigation of that accident.'
Example #43:

    (31) a. John-i    secem-eyse ku chayk-ul kwuip-ul        ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom bookstore-at that book-Acc purchase-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John purchased that book at the bookstore.'
Example #44:

    b. John-i    ku chayk-ul secem-eyse kwuip-ul        ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom that book-Acc bookstore-at purchase-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John purchased that book at the bookstore.'
Example #45:

    c. *John-i secem-eyse kwuip-ul          ku chayk-ul ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom bookstore-at purchase-Acc that book-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John purchased that book at the bookstore.'
Example #46:

    (33) a. John-i    Mary-eykey ku chayk-ul ilk-ulako seltukhayssta
    John-Nom Mary-to      that book-Acc read-Comp persuaded
    `John persuaded Mary to read that book .'
Example #47:

    (34) a. John-i    Mary-ka hakyo-eyse nolko iss-tako   sayngkakhayssta
    John-Nom Mary-Nom school-at be playing-Comp thought
    `John thought Mary is playing at the school.'
Example #48:

    (35) a. John-i    Mary-eykey ku chayk-ul ilk-ulako seltukhayss- ta
    John-Nom Mary-to      that book-Acc read-Comp persuaded-Ending
    `John persuaded Mary to read that book.'
Example #49:

    b. John-un Tom-eykey-to kulehkey ha-lako seltukhayss-ta
    John-Top Tom-to-also do so-Comp       persuaded-Ending
    `John also persuaded Tom to do so.'
Example #50:

    (36) a. John-i Tom-eykey Mary-ka ku chayk-ul ilkess-tako malhayss-ta
    John-i Tom-to     Mary-Nom that book-Acc read-Ending told-Ending
    `John told Tom that Mary read that book.'
Example #51:

    b. John-i     Jim-eykey-to kulayss-tako       malhayss-ta
    John-Nom Jim-to-also (she) did so-Comp told-Ending
    `John also told to Jim that (she) did so '
Example #52:

    (37) a. Mary-ka ilcwuil ceney [S John-i ku proceyhthu-lul kkuthnay-yahan-tako] malhayssta
    M-Nom one week ago J-Nom the project-Acc finish-must-Comp              told
    `One week ago, Mary said that John had to finish the project'
Example #53:

    (39) a. John-i     Mary-eykey [VP ku chayk-ul nayil      ilk-ulako] seltukayssta
    John-Nom Mary-to          that book-Acc tomorrow read-Comp persuaded
    `John persuaded Mary to read the book tomorrow'
Example #54:

    b. John-i     nayil   Mary-eykey [VP ku chayk-ul ilk-ulako] malhaysstta
    John-Nom tomorrow Mary-to          that book-Acc read-Comp persuaded
    `John persuaded Mary to read the book tomorrow.
Example #55:

    (40) a. tahaynghi John-i       Mary-ekey [VP chong-ul patak-ey noh-ulako ] seltukhayssta
    fortunately John-Nom Mary-to         gun-Acc floor-on put-Comp persuaded
    `Fortunatly, John persuaded Mary to put the gun on the floor.'
Example #56:

    b. *John-i Mary-eykey [VP chong-ul patak-ey tahanghi noh-ulako] seltukhayssta
    John-i Mary-to          gun-Acc floor-on fortunately put-Comp persuaded
    `Fortunately, John persuaded Mary to read the book loudly.'
Example #57:

    (41) a. Mary-ka Tom-eykey [S John-i ku proceykthu-lul kkuthnay-yahanta-ko] malhayssta
    M-Nom T-to            J-Nom that project-Acc finish-Must-Comp      told
    `Mary told Tom that John must finish the project.'
Example #58:

    i. John-i     Mary-ekey chong-ul tahanghi patak-ey noh-ulako seltukhayssta
    John-Nom Mary-to gun-Acc fortunately floor-on put-Comp persuaded
    `Fortunately, John persuaded Mary to put the gun on the floor.'
Example #59:

    i. *John-un Mary-ka Tom-eykey [ ku proceykth-lul kkuthnay-yahan-tako] malhayssta.
    John-Top Mary-Nom Tom-to         that project-Acc finish-must-Comp told
    `Mary told Tom that John must finish the project.'
Example #60:

    ii. *Mary-ka Tom-eykey [ ku proceykth-lul kkuthnay- yahan-tako] malha-n John
    Mary-Nom Tom-to       that project-Acc finish-must-Comp     told-Rel John
    `John who Mary told Tom that must finish the project.'
Example #61:

    (45) a. John-i    chayk-ul kwuip-ul    ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom book-Acc purchase-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `John purchased a book.'
Example #62:

    (51) a. secem-eyse chay-ul kwuip-ul           ha-yess-ta
    bookstore-at book-Acc purchase-Acc do-Past-Ending
    `(I) purchased a book at the book store.'
Example #63:

    (52) a. Mary-ka ku proceykth-lul Tom-eykey [S John-i kkuthnay-yahan-tako] malhayssta
    Mary-Nom that project-Acc Tom-to        John-Nom finish-must-Comp told
    `Mary told Tom that John must finish that project.'