ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

HOLE, DANIEL (2005). EXTRA ARGUMENTALITY: A BINDING ACCOUNT OF POSSESSOR RAISING IN GERMAN, ENGLISH AND MANDARIN.

URL: http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~Daniel_Hole/ExtraArgumentality.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 492&langcode=deu (2019-07-24).

 

Example #1:

    c.    Hans trat      Paul        gegen das Schienbein.
    Hans kicked Paul.DAT against the shin
    `Hans kicked Paul in the shin.'
Example #2:

    (3) a. Die Wachen öffneten [dem Angreifer]DAT das Tor.
    the guards opened the.DAT attacker              the gate
    `The guards opened the gate for the attacker.'
Example #3:

    b. [Der Angreifer]NOM bekam das Tor (von den Wachen) geöffnet.
    the attacker        got      the gate by the guards             opened
    gate opened (by the guards).'
Example #4:

    (4) a. Paula widmete ihr Leben [der                     Ahnenforschung]DAT.
    Paula dedicated her life            the.DAT genealogical research.
    `Paula dedicated her life to genealogical research.'
Example #5:

    (5) a. Die Ärztin hat [Paula]DAT Blut                 abgenommen.
    the doctor has Paula             blood withdrawn
    `The doctor withdrew some of Paula's blood.'
Example #6:

    b. [Paula]NOM hat (von der Ärztin) Blut            abgenommen bekommen.
    Paula       has by the doctor blood withdrawn                got
    `The doctor withdrew some of Paula's blood.'
Example #7:

    (6) a. Sie streichelte [dem          Jungen]DAT   den Arm.
    she stroked       the.DAT boy           the arm
    `She stroked the boy's arm.'
Example #8:

    b. [Der Junge]NOM bekam (von ihr) den Arm gestreichelt.
    the boy           got      by her the arm stroked
    `She stroked the boy's arm.'
Example #9:

    (11) Ihm           standen     vor Schreck        die Haare zu Berge.
    him.DAT stood           with fright        the hairs     to   mountain
    `Due to the shock, his hair stood on end.'
Example #10:

    (12) ???Seine Haare standen             vor Schreck       zu Berge.
    his      hairs    stood       with fright       to    mountain
    `His hair stood on end with shock.'
Example #11:

    (13) Die Schwester zog dem           Patienten den Mantel des           Nachbarn aus.
    the nurse        pulled the.DAT patient    the coat      the.GEN room-mate off
    more literally: `The nurse took the patient the room-mate's coat off.'
Example #12:

    (14) Die Schwester zog den Mantel des                Patienten des      Nachbarn aus.
    the nurse        pulled the coat      the.GEN patient    the.GEN room-mate off
    `The nurse took off the coat of the patient's room-mate.'
Example #13:

    (15) Die Schwester zog              dem      Patienten seinen Mantel aus.
    the nurse           pulled the.DAT patient       his     coat    off
    `The nurse helped the patient to take his coat off.'
Example #14:

    (ii)   Die Brüste       entwickelten sich.
    the     breasts developed        REFL
    `The breasts developed.'
Example #15:

    (19) Die Mutter flocht der               Tochter     die Haare.
    the mother braided the.DAT daughter the hairs
    `The mother braided her daughter's hair.'
Example #16:

    (23) Hans trat         ihm         gegen das Schienbein.
    Hans kicked him.DAT against the shin
    `Hans kicked him in the shin.'
Example #17:

    (24) Hans zwickte ihn              in den Bauch.
    Hans            him.ACC in the belly
    `Hans pinched him in the belly.'
Example #18:

    (30) Einem         Zeugen ist ein          Hund aufgefallen.
    a.DAT       witness is     a.NOM dog        (be.)noticed
    `A witness noticed a dog.'
Example #19:

    (31) a. Ihn/Ihm          juckt    die      Kopfhaut.
    him.DAT/ACC itches the.NOM scalp
    `His scalp itches.'
Example #20:

    b. Mich drückt der            Magen.
    me.ACC presses the.NOM stomach
    `My belly hurts.'
Example #21:

    c. Dir      bricht das        Herz.
    you.DAT breaks the.NOM heart
    `Your heart is breaking.'
Example #22:

    (33) Die Maschine hatte ihm               einen Finger abgeschnitten.
    the machine had himDAT a                  finger cut off
    `The machine had cut off one of his fingers.'
Example #23:

    (34) Weisheitszähne machen oft             Kummer.
    wisdom teeth      make often trouble
    `Wisdom teeth often cause trouble.'
Example #24:

    (35) Fast allen Patienten machten [mindestens zweiWeisheitszähne]NOM Kummer.
    almost all.DAT patient     made      at least    two wisdom teeth       trouble
    `Almost every patient had trouble with at least two wisdom teeth.'
Example #25:

    (36) a. Mindestens zwei Weisheitszähne machten fast allen               Patienten Kummer.
    at least    two wisdom teeth made             almost all.DAT patients      trouble
    `At least two wisdom teeth caused trouble for almost every patient.'
Example #26:

    b. Mindestens zwei Weisheitszähne machten fast allen             Zahnärzten Kummer.
    at least    two wisdom teeth made             almost all.DAT dentists      trouble
    `At least two wisdom teeth caused trouble for almost every dentist.'
Example #27:

    (38) Wasch mir           *(zu-liebe/zum Gefallen)!
    wash me.DAT to-love/to             pleasure
    `Do the laundry for my sake!'
Example #28:

    b. An dem Auto platzte ein Reifen.
    at    the car burst         a    tire
    `The car burst a tire.'
Example #29:

    (42) Paul kochte mir           ein warmes Essen.
    Paul cooked me.DAT a           hot      meal
    `Paul cooked me a hot meal.'
Example #30:

    (43) a. Popeye hat Olive Oyl                den Küchentisch          sauber-gewischt.
    Popeye has Olive Oyl.DAT the kitchen table                 clean-wiped
    `Popeye wiped the kitchen table clean for Olive Oyl.'
Example #31:

    b. Popeye hat Olive Oyl              ein Bullauge             sauber-gewischt.
    Popeye has Olive Oyl.DAT a               porthole          clean-wiped
    `Popeye wiped a porthole clean for Olive Oyl.'
Example #32:

    c. Popeye hat Olive Oyl              einen Stein              sauber-gewischt.
    Popeye has Olive Oyl.DAT a               stone             clean-wiped
    `Popeye wiped a stone clean for Olive Oyl.'