ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Folli, Raffaella and Heidi Harley (2003). On obligatory obligation: the composition of Italian causatives.

URL: http://linguistics.arizona.edu/~hharley/PDFs/HarleyFolliCausatives2003.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 51&langcode=ita (2019-03-24).

 

Example #1:

    decisivo
    The president made raise the hand by five of his men when arrived the moment decisive
    "The president had five of his men raise their hand in the decisive moment."
Example #2:

    (7)   a.     Giannij ha fatto temperare la suai/j matita a ogni ragazzoi .
    Gianni has made shapen the his pencil to every boy.
    "Gianni had every boy sharpen his pencil."
Example #3:

    b.     Giannii ha fatto temperare la sua*i/j matita da ogni ragazzoi .
    Gianni has made sharpen the his pencil to every boy.
    "Giannij had his*i/j pencil sharpened by every boyi ."
Example #4:

    (8)    a.     La maestra ha fatto prendere la medicina al bambino.
    The teacher has made take the medicine to-the child.
    "The teacher had the child ingest/bring the medicine."
Example #5:

    b.     La maestra ha fatto prendere la medicina dal bambino.
    The teacher has made take the medicine by-the child.
    "The teacher had the medicine *ingested/brought by the child."
Example #6:

    (9)           La maestra ha fatto prendere la medicina.
    The teacher has made take the medicine.
    "The teacher had the medicine *ingested/brought (by someone)."
Example #7:

    (11)              Arturo ha fatto ancora una volta riparare la macchina a Corrado.
    Arturo has made again one time repair the car to Corrado.
    "Arturo had Corrado repair the car again."
Example #8:

    (14)         Ho fatto rimproverare Arturo dalla propria famiglia.
    I made scold          Arturo by.the own family.
    "I had Arthur scolded by his own family."
Example #9:

    mangiare.
    eating.
    eating."
Example #10:

    PROi mangiare.
    eating.
    eating."
Example #11:

    (16)   a.    Il bambino i mi j ha mangiato tutto senza PROi/*j piangere.
    The child 1sg.DAT has eaten all without PRO crying.
    "The child ate everything for me without crying."
Example #12:

    b.    Il bambino i mi j ha lavato i piatti per PROi/*j guadare la televisione.
    television.
    "The child washed the dishes for me to watch television."
Example #13:

    e.    Gianni       ha       mangiato             una mela.
    G.           has      eaten                an apple.
    `Gianni has eaten an apple.'
Example #14:

    f.    Gianni       si       Ú mangiato           una mela.
    G.           REFL is eat.PST               an apple.
    `Gianni ate an apple up.'
Example #15:

    g.    *Il mare      ha mangiato         la spiaggia.
    The sea       has eat.PST         the beach.
    `The sea ate the beach.'
Example #16:

    h.      Il mare       si      Ú mangiato                  la spiaggia.
    The sea       REFL is eat.PST                     the beach.
    `The sea ate the beach away.'
Example #17:

    Gianni.
    The television program has made disturbed Maria to-the war/to
    Gianni.
Example #18:

    (iii)   La programma televisivo ha fatto interessare Maria alla discussione.
    The programme televised has made interested Maria to-the discussion.
    "The television programme got Maria interested in the discussion."
Example #19:

    (20)   a.    Gianni ha fatto correre Maria.
    Gianni has made run Maria.
    "Gianni had Maria run."
Example #20:

    (21)   Gianna ha fatto riparare la macchina a Maria.
    Gianna has made repair the car to Maria.
    Gianni had Maria repair the car.
Example #21:

    (24)   a.    La radio ha parlato di SARS.
    The radio has talked of SARS.
    "The radio talked about SARS."
Example #22:

    b.    *Gianni ha fatto parlare la radio di SARS.
    John has made speak the radio of SARS.
    "John made the radio speak about SARS."
Example #23:

    (25)   a.    Il dottore ha restituto se stessa a Maria.
    The doctor has returned herself to Mary.
    "The doctor returned Mary to herself."
Example #24:

    b.    Il dottore ha restituto Maria a se stessa.
    The doctor has returned Mary to herself.
    "The doctor returned Mary to herself.
Example #25:

    (27)    a.        *La madre gli ha fatto restituire se stessa a Maria.
    The mother to-him has made restore herself to Maria.
    "The mother made him (e.g. the doctor) restore Maria herself."
Example #26:

    b.        La madre gli ha fatto restituire Maria a se stessa.
    The mother to-him has made restore Maria to herself.
    "The mother made him (e.g. the doctor) restore Maria to herself."4
Example #27:

    (32)   a.    La rabbia fece rompere il tavolo a Gianni/*da Gianni.
    The rage made break the table to Gianni/by Gianni.
    "Rage made Gianni break the table."
Example #28:

    b.    La generositÓ fece donare la casa a Gianni/*da Gianni.
    The generosity made give the house to Gianni/by Gianni.
    "Generosity made Gianni donate the house."
Example #29:

    (41)   a.    Gianni ha fatto telefonare Marco.
    G. has made telephone Marco.
    "Gianni got Marco to telephone"
Example #30:

    b.    *Marco Ŕ stato fatto telefonare (da Gianni).
    Marco is been made telephone (by Gianni).
    "Marco was gotten to telephone (by Gianni)."
Example #31:

    c.    Gianni ha fatto ridere Marco.
    G. has made laugh Marco.
    "Gianni got Marco to laugh."
Example #32:

    d.    ??Marco Ŕ stato fatto ridere (da Gianni).
    Marco is been made laugh (by G.).
    "Marco was gotten to laugh (by Gianni)."
Example #33:

    e.    Gianni ha fatto piangere Marco.
    Gianni has made cry Marco.
    "Gianni got Marco to cry"
Example #34:

    f.    ??Marco Ŕ stato fatto piangere (da Gianni).
    Marco is been made cry (by Gianni).
    "Marco was gotten to cry (by Gianni)".
Example #35:

    (42)   a.    Gianni ha fatto partire Marco.
    Gianni has made leave Marco.
    "Gianni got Marco to leave"
Example #36:

    b.    Marco Ŕ stato fatto partire.
    Marco is been made leave.
    "Marco was gotten to leave."
Example #37:

    c.    Gianni ha fatto cadere Marco.
    G. has made fall Marco.
    "G. got Marco to fall."
Example #38:

    d.    Marco Ŕ stato fatto cadere (da Gianni).
    Marco is been made fall (by Gianni).
    "Marco was gotten to fall (by Gianni)."
Example #39:

    e.       Gianni ha fatto arrivare il pachetto.
    G. has made arrive the package.
    "Gianni got the package to arrive."
Example #40:

    f.        Il   pachetto     fu    fatto      arrivare     (da     Gianni).
    The package was made arrive (by                         Gianni).
    "The package was gotten to arrive (by Gianni)."
Example #41:

    b.       Gianni gli ha fatto riparare la macchina dal meccanico.
    Gianni to-him has made repair the car by the mechanic.
    "Gianni had the car repaired by the mechanic for him."