The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bickel, Balthasar & Johanna Nichols (2006). Inflectional morphology.

URL: http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~bickel/lehre/infl.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 560&langcode=byw (2020-08-13).


Example #1:

    unchik-a yeti          n-thuu-t-u?
    3NSG-ERG what.NOM 3NSG.A-cook-NPT-3P
    `What do they cook?'
Example #2:

    a. la--u-yakt-he.
    `S/he was dancing.'
Example #3:

    b. misen-ka-ni-at-ni.
    `S/he didn't recognize us (incl.).'
Example #4:

    `I've gone.'
Example #5:

    a. Dhankuta- khar-e-a.
    Dh.-LOC        go-PT-[1SG]EXCL
    `I went to Dhankuta.'
Example #6:

    b. Dhankuta-e yag-he-a.
    Dh.-LOC        stay-PT-[1SG]EXCL
    `I stayed in Dhankuta.'
Example #7:

    a. mi-n-ta-at-ni
    `they didn't come'
Example #8:

    b. n-ta-he
    `they came'
Example #9:

    c.   n-ta-at-ni
    `s/he didn't come'
Example #10:

    a. ka-ha       a-tak
    1SG-GEN 1SG.POSS-friend
    `my friend'
Example #11:

    b. un-chik-a ka              ma--ni-at-ni.
    3-NSG-ERG 1SG[ABS] 1SG.P-3NSG.A-see-NEG
    `They didn't see me.'