ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bleam, Tonia M. (1999). LEÃ?STA SPANISH AND THE SYNTAX OF CLITIC DOUBLING.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/2000/00-02.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-07).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 571&langcode=spa (2020-08-10).

 

Example #1:

    1.     Le vi.                                   Leísta
    CL.dat I.saw
    "I saw him/(her)."
Example #2:

    2.     Lo vi.                                   Standard
    CL.acc.masc I.saw
    "I saw him/it."
Example #3:

    3.     Le di el libro.                          Leísta/Standard
    CL.dat I.gave the book
    "I gave the book to him/her."
Example #4:

    4.      a. Lo vi a él.                           Standard
    CL I.saw A him
    "I saw him."
Example #5:

    5.      a. Le vi a él                            Leísta
    CL I.saw A him
    "I saw him."
Example #6:

    9.      a. (Lo) ví a Juan
    CL saw.1SG A Juan
    "I saw Juan."
Example #7:

    b. (La) oían a Paca/ a la niña/ a la gata
    CL heard.3PL A Paca/ A the girl/ A the cat.FE   M
    "They heard Paca/ the girl/ the cat(fem)."
Example #8:

    b. (*La) buscaban    a alguien que los ayudara
    CL looked.for.3PL A someone that CL help.SUBJ
    "They were looking for someone who could help them"
Example #9:

    c. (*Lo) alabarán     a-l niño que termine         primero
    CL praise.FUT.3PL A-the boy that finishes.SUBJ first
    "They will praise whichever boy finishes first"
Example #10:

    11.     Diaramente, la escuchaba a una mujer que cantaba tangos
    daily       CL listened.3SG to a woman that sang      tangos
    "Every day s/he listened to a woman who sang tangos."
Example #11:

    12.     a. Les       dejaré      todo mi dinero a los pobres
    to.them leave.fut.I all my money to the poor
    'I will leave all my money to the poor'
Example #12:

    b. Les     ofrecieron queso a familias de pocos medios
    to.them offered.they cheese to families of few means
    'They offered cheese to low-income families'
Example #13:

    19.    a. La vi.                               clitic
    CL-fem I.saw
    I saw her/it.
Example #14:

    b. Vi la mesa.                          det
    I.saw the-fem table-fem
    I saw the table.
Example #15:

    20.    a. Lo vi.                               clitic
    CL-masc I.saw
    I saw it (him).
Example #16:

    b. Vi el libro.                         det
    I.saw the-masc book-mask
    I saw the book.
Example #17:

    21.    a. Lo malo de este situacion es que....
    the bad of this situation is that...
    "The bad part of this situation is that..."
Example #18:

    b. Vi lo que hiciste.
    I.saw the that you.did
    "I saw what you did"
Example #19:

    22.    Comemo-lo caldo.
    ate.we-the soup
    We ate the soup.
Example #20:

    23.    Comemos o caldo.
    ate.we the soup
    We ate the soup.
Example #21:

    24.    Comemo-lo.
    ate.we-it
    We ate it.
Example #22:

    27.    para     fala-lo profesor
    in.order talk-the profesor
    "in order for the professor to talk"
Example #23:

    28.    a. Din      que vos chegastedes os fillos de Petra.
    say.they that you arrived     the sons of Petra
    "The sons of Petra say that you arrived."
Example #24:

    29.    a. Fixonos    mirar o home.
    made.he-us see the man
    "The man made us see."
Example #25:

    b. Fixonos    mira-lo home.
    made.he-us see-the man
    * "The man made us see."
Example #26:

    31.    *Dixen que o comemos [t [caldo]].
    said-I that the ate.we       soup
    I said that we ate the soup.
Example #27:

    32.    *Quixemo-lo ler [t [libro]].
    wanted.we-the read book
    "We wanted to read the book"
Example #28:

    33.    Dixen que o comemos [t [pro]].
    said-I that it ate.we
    "They said that we ate it."
Example #29:

    34.     Quixemo-lo ler [t [pro]]
    wanted.we-it read
    "We wanted to read it."
Example #30:

    35.     Chegamo-los nenos.
    arrived.we-the children
    We, the children, arrived.
Example #31:

    36.      a. *Chegamo-los.
    arrived.we-CL
    "We arrived."
Example #32:

    37.      *Lo llega.
    CL arrive
    "He arrives."
Example #33:

    39.      a. Vi el/la que vino
    I.saw the(masc/fem) that came.3sg
    I saw the one who came
Example #34:

    b. Vi el/la de Francia
    I.saw the(masc/fem) of France
    I saw the one from France
Example #35:

    41.      a. La vi.
    CL I.saw
    "I saw her/it."
Example #36:

    43.     a. Carmen le entregó el libro.
    Carmen CL-dat gave the book
    b. Carmen gave him/her the book.
Example #37:

    45.      a. Juan la vió a ella
    Juan CL saw A her
    "Juan saw her"
Example #38:

    46.    a. Di un libro a Juan.
    gave.I a book to Juan
    I gave a book to Juan.
Example #39:

    c. Le di un libro a Juan.
    CL gave.I a book to Juan
    I gave Juan a book.
Example #40:

    b. Le di a María el libro.
    CL I.gave to Maria the book
    I gave the book to Maria.
Example #41:

    57.      a. Le entregó secretamente los papeles a Juan.
    cl gave.3sg secretly the papers to Juan.
    S/he gave Juan the papers secretly.
Example #42:

    59.     Le vi a Pepe ayer.                              direct object
    CL I.saw A Pepe yesterday
    "I saw Pepe yesterday."
Example #43:

    60.    Le di el libro a Pepe ayer.                     indirect object
    CL I.gave the book to Pepe yesterday
    "I gave the book to Pepe yesterday"
Example #44:

    61.    a. Le vi al profesor ayer.
    CL I.saw A-the professor yesterday
    "I saw the professor yesterday."
Example #45:

    b. Le vi a tu tío ayer.
    CL I.saw A your uncle yesterday
    "I saw your uncle yesterday."
Example #46:

    c. Le vi a este tío ayer.
    CL I.saw A this uncle yesterday
    "I saw this guy yesterday."
Example #47:

    62.     Juan les ha visto a todas las chicas.
    Juan CL has seen A all the girls
    "Juan has seen all the girls."
Example #48:

    63.     Juan (*les) ha visto a muchas chicas.
    Juan CL has seen A many girls
    "Juan has seen many girls"
Example #49:

    64.     Le vi a un tipo (que llevaba puesta una falda).
    CL I.saw A a guy that wore put a skirt
    "I saw a guy wearing a skirt."
Example #50:

    65.    a. Estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary'
Example #51:

    66.    Le estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    CL I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary.'
Example #52:

    67.    a. Todo policía va a buscar a dos criminales.
    every police go to to.look.for A two criminals
    "Every police officer is going to look for two criminals."
Example #53:

    68.    a. Conozco a los soldados.
    I.know A the soldiers.
    c. "I know the soldiers."
Example #54:

    69.    a. Les conozco a los soldados.
    CL I.know A the soldiers
    c. I know the soldiers.
Example #55:

    72.    Juan (*les) ha conocido a lingüistas.
    Juan CL has met A linguists
    "Juan has met linguists."
Example #56:

    73.    Les dejaré           todo mi dinero a los pobres
    to.them 3PL.I.will.leave all my money to the poor
    "I will leave all my money to the poor"
Example #57:

    74.    Les ofrecieron queso a familias de pocos medios
    to.them 3PL.offered cheese to families of few means
    "They offered cheese to low-income families"
Example #58:

    78.           a. (*La) vi a María
    (*CL-acc) I.saw A Maria
    "I saw Maria"
Example #59:

    b. A María, la vi.
    A Maria CL-acc I.saw
    "Maria, I saw her"
Example #60:

    c. La vi.
    CL-acc I.saw
    "I saw her/it."
Example #61:

    79.           Le vi a María.
    CL-dat I.saw A Maria
    "I saw Maria"
Example #62:

    145.    Juan le vió la mano a Carmen.
    Juan CL saw the hand to Carmen
    Juan saw Carmen's hand.
Example #63:

    146.    Juan le vió la mano.
    Juan CL saw the hand
    "Juan saw her/his hand"
Example #64:

    147.   Juan vió la mano de ella.
    Juan saw the hand of her
    "Juan saw her hand"
Example #65:

    176.   Le di una patada a la mesa.
    CL I.gave a kick to the table
    I gave the table a kick.
Example #66:

    179.   a. Le estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    CL I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary.'
Example #67:

    b. Todo policía les va a buscar a dos criminales.
    every police CL go to to.look.for A two criminals
    "Every police officer is going to look for two criminals."
Example #68:

    180.    a. Conozco a los soldados.
    I.know A the soldiers
    "I know the soldiers."
Example #69:

    b. Les conozco a los soldados.
    CL I.know A the soldiers
    *"I know soldiers."
Example #70:

    181.    Le vi a Juan.
    LE I.saw A Juan
    `I saw Juan'
Example #71:

    182.    El chico le vió a su hermana.
    The boy LE saw A his sister
    `The boy saw his sister'
Example #72:

    c. Le estoy buscando a alguien que trabaja aquí; tal vez le conoces...
    LE I.am looking.for a someone who works here; maybe LE you.know
    `I'm looking for someone who works here; maybe you know him/her.'
Example #73:

    estudiante de mi clase.
    student of my class.
    class."
Example #74:

    187.   Le voy a premiar a cualquier niño que termine primero.
    CL I.go to reward A whichever boy that finish-subj first
    I'm going to reward whichever boy finishes first.
Example #75:

    188.    a. Cada chico le vió a su hermana.
    Each boy le saw A his sister
    b. Each boyi saw hisi sister
Example #76:

    189.   Le estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    CL I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary.'
Example #77:

    190.   Cada policía les va a buscar a dos criminales.
    each police CL go to to.look.for A two criminals
    "Each police officer is going to look for two criminals."
Example #78:

    amigo suyoi.
    friend his
    his."
Example #79:

    198.       A-l ver-te a ti, vi a tu madre en tu sonrisa.
    at-the to.see-you A you I.saw A your mother in your smile
    "Upon seeing you, I saw your mother in your smile."
Example #80:

    199.       Juan le vió a tu madre (#en tu sonrisa)
    Juan CL see A your mother
    "Juan saw your mother"
Example #81:

    206.    Juan le vió a tu madre (#en tu sonrisa)
    Juan CL see A your mother (in your smile)
    "Juan saw your mother"
Example #82:

    209.   a. Le di una patada a la mesa.
    CL I.gave a kick to the table
    "I gave the table a kick."
Example #83:

    b. *Le vi (a) la mesa.
    CL I.saw A the table
    "I saw the table."
Example #84:

    211.    a. La toqué a la sonata hasta las doce.
    CL I.played A the sonata until the twelve
    "I played the sonata until twelve"
Example #85:

    212.    Toqué la sonata hasta las doce ­ diez veces
    I.played the sonata until the twelve ­ ten times
    "I played the sonata until twelve (ten times)"
Example #86:

    213.      La toqué a la sonata hasta las doce ­ *diez veces
    CL I.played A the sonata until the twelve ten times
    "I played the sonata until twelve."
Example #87:

    214.      La toqué a la sonata.
    CL I.played A the sonata
    "I played the sonata"
Example #88:

    217.    a. Conozco a los soldados.
    I.know A the soldiers
    "I know the soldiers."
Example #89:

    b. Les conozco a los soldados.
    CL I.know A the soldiers
    "I know the soldiers"
Example #90:

    221.     Le vi.
    CL I.saw
    "I saw him"
Example #91:

    222.     a. La vi.
    CL I.saw
    "I saw her/it."
Example #92:

    b. Lo vi.
    CL I.saw
    "I saw it."
Example #93:

    223.   a. Juan le vió una mano a la mujer.
    Juan CL saw a hand to the woman
    "Juan saw a hand of the woman."
Example #94:

    b. #Juan le vió una pata a la mesa.
    Juan CL saw a leg to the table
    "Juan saw a leg of the table."
Example #95:

    b. Carmen le cortó una pata a la mesa.
    Carmen CL cut a leg to the table
    "Carmen cut a leg of the table."
Example #96:

    225.   (*Le) partió al vaso.
    CL 3sg.broke A-the glass
    "S/he broke the glass."
Example #97:

    232.   a. Ella es alta.
    pron-fem is tall
    "She/*it is tall."
Example #98:

    b. El fue mandado a Londres.
    pron-masc was sent to London
    "He/*it was sent to London."
Example #99:

    c. Llegó ella ayer.
    arrived pron yesterday
    "She/*it arrived yesterday."
Example #100:

    233.   a. Lo vi a él.                          "Standard"
    CL I.saw A pron
    "I saw him/*it."
Example #101:

    b. Le vi a él.                          Leísta
    CL I.saw A pron
    "I saw him/*it."
Example #102:

    i.      Acabaste la tesis, o acabó ella con-tigo?
    finished.2sg the thesis or finished.3sg pron with-you
    "Did you finish the thesis, or did it finish you?"
Example #103:

    234.      a. Llegó hasta ella.
    I.arrived until pron
    "I arrived as far as it."
Example #104:

    b. Puse el mantel sobre ella.
    I.put the tablecloth over it
    "I put the tablecloth over it/her."
Example #105:

    235.      Le di una patada a ella.
    CL I.gave a kick to pron
    "I gave her/*it a kick."
Example #106:

    237.   Le di una patada (pro)
    CL I.gave a kick
    "I gave it/her/him a kick."
Example #107:

    238.   a. Le pasé la franela a la mesa.
    CL I.passed the cloth to the table
    "I wiped the cloth over the table."
Example #108:

    b. Le di una patada a la silla.
    CL I.gave a kick to the chair
    "I gave the chair a kick."
Example #109:

    240.   Le di una patada (pro)
    CL I.gave a kick
    "I gave it/her/him a kick."
Example #110:

    241.   Le vi.
    CL I.saw
    "I saw him/*it."
Example #111:

    251.    La vi
    CL I.saw
    "I saw her/it"
Example #112:

    252.    a. Le vi a Juan.
    CL.dat I.saw A Juan
    "I saw Juan."
Example #113:

    b. Le di un libro a Juan
    CL.dat I.gave a book to Juan
    "I gave a book to Juan."
Example #114:

    259.   Vi a la mujer.
    I.saw A the woman
    "I saw the woman."
Example #115:

    261.   a. Vi a la mujer.
    I.saw A the woman
    `I saw the woman.'
Example #116:

    262.   a. Vi a-l gato.
    I.saw a-the cat
    `I saw the cat'
Example #117:

    b. Vi la mesa.
    I.saw the table
    `I saw the table'
Example #118:

    264.   a.      Los pájaros saludan a la aurora.
    the birds welcome A the dawn
    "The birds greet the dawn."
Example #119:

    b.      El entusiasmo venció a la dificultad
    the enthusiasm defeated A the difficulty
    "Enthusiasm defeated difficulty."
Example #120:

    c.      llamar a la muerte
    to.call A the death
    "to summon death"
Example #121:

    265.    a. La saludan.
    CL.acc greet.3pl
    "They greet her."
Example #122:

    b. La venció.
    CL.acc defeat.3sg.pst
    "S/he defeated her."
Example #123:

    c. La llamaron.
    CL.acc call.3pl.pst
    "They called her."
Example #124:

    269.   a. Había un hombre en el jardín.
    there.was a man in the garden
    "There was a man in the garden."
Example #125:

    b. Había dos hombres en el jardín.
    there.was two men in the garden
    "There were two men in the garden."
Example #126:

    c. Había muchos hombres en el jardín.
    there.was many men in the garden
    "There were many men in the garden."
Example #127:

    270.   a. *Había María en el jardín.
    there.was Maria en the garden
    "*There was Maria in the garden."
Example #128:

    b. *Había el hombre en el jardín.
    there.was the man en the garden
    "*There was the man in the garden."
Example #129:

    c. *Había todos los hombres en el jardín.
    there.was all the men in the garden
    "*There were all the men in the garden."
Example #130:

    271.   a. Vi a María.
    I.saw A Maria
    `I saw Maria'
Example #131:

    272.   a. Vi a-l gato.
    I.saw A-the cat
    `I saw the cat'
Example #132:

    b. Juan y María llevaron un herido al hospital.66
    Juan and Maria carried a wounded (person) to-the hospital
    "Juan and Maria took a wounded person to the hospital."
Example #133:

    284.    a. Estoy buscando a una secretaria que trabaja aquí. Se llama María.
    I.am looking.for A a secretary who works here. REFL call Maria
    `I'm looking for a secretary who works her. Her name is Maria'
Example #134:

    b. *Estoy buscando una secretaria que trabaja aquí. Se llama María.
    I.am looking.for a secretary who works here. REFL call Maria
    `I'm looking for a secretary who works her. Her name is Maria'
Example #135:

    286.    a. Juan y María buscan a una chica que sabe español.
    Juan and Maria look.for A a girl knows-IND Spanish
    "Juan and Maria are looking for a girl who speaks Spanish."
Example #136:

    287.    Juan y María buscan (a) una chica que sepa español.
    Juan and Maria look.for (A) a girl that knows-SUBJ Spanish
    "Juan and Maria are looking for a girl who might know Spanish."
Example #137:

    290.   a. Exactamente la mitad de los estudiantes mencionaron a un profesor.
    Exactly the half of the students mentioned A one professor
    "Exactly half the students mentioned a professor."
Example #138:

    b. Cada soldado va a matar a dos hombres.
    each soldier goes to kill A two men
    `Each soldier is going to kill two men'
Example #139:

    294.   Cada policía va a buscar a dos hombres.
    each police goes to look.for A two men
    `Each policeman is going to look for two men'
Example #140:

    b. Juan y María llevaron un herido al hospital.
    Juan and Maria carried a wounded (person) to-the hospital
    "Juan and Maria took a wounded person to the hospital."
Example #141:

    311.   Le di el libro a Carmen.
    Cl I.gave the book to Carmen
    "I gave the book to Carmen"
Example #142:

    312.   Le puse un techo nuevo a la casa.
    Cl I.put a roof new to the house
    "I put a new roof on the house."
Example #143:

    313.    Carmen le conoció a Juan Carlos.
    Carmen cl met A Juan Carlos
    "Carmen met Juan Carlos."
Example #144:

    314.    El chico le vió a su hermana.
    the boy CL saw A his sister
    "The boy saw his sister."
Example #145:

    315.    La profesora le castigó a un niño.
    the professor CL punished A a boy
    "The profesor punished a boy"
Example #146:

    316.    Le encontré a-l gato.
    CL I.found A-the cat
    "I found the cat."
Example #147:

    317.    a. Juan partió (*a) el vaso.
    Juan broke (*A) the glass
    "Juan broke the glass"
Example #148:

    318.    a. Juan limpió (*a) la mesa.
    Juan cleaned (*A) the table
    "Juan cleaned the table."
Example #149:

    320.      No (*le) vi a nadie.
    Neg LE I.saw A no-one
    `I didn't see anyone'
Example #150:

    323.     a. La vieja va a donar todos sus bienes a museos.
    the old-fem go to donate all her goods to museums
    "The old woman is going to donate all of her belongings to museums."
Example #151:

    329.   *A Juan se durmió.
    A Juan SE slept
    "Juan fell asleep."
Example #152:

    330.   Le di el libro a (*a) Juan.
    CL I.gave the book to to Juan
    "I gave the book to Juan."
Example #153:

    332.   Carmen les presentó a Xabier a sus padres.
    Carmen CL introduced A Xabier to her parents
    "Carmen introduced Xabier to her parents."
Example #154:

    334.   No (*le) vi a nadie.
    Neg LE I.saw A no-one
    `I didn't see anyone'
Example #155:

    335.   (*Le) vi a cada hombre.
    (*Cl) I.saw A each man
    "I saw each man."
Example #156:

    336.   Luis le busca a un estudiante que habla francés.
    Luis CL looks.for A a student that speaks-IND French
    "Luis is looking for a student who speaks French."
Example #157:

    338.    Estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary'
Example #158:

    339.    Le estoy buscando a una secretaria.
    CL I.am looking.for A a secretary
    `I'm looking for a secretary.'
Example #159:

    340.   a. Cada policía va a buscar a dos criminales.
    each police go to to.look.for A two criminals
    "Each police officer is going to look for two criminals."