ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Carnie, Andrew (1995). Non-Verbal Predication and Head-Movement.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-17-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 61&langcode=gle (2018-04-21).

 

Example #1:

    6)     Leanann an t-ainmní an briathar i nGaeilge
    follow. PRES the subject the verb in Irish
    `The subject follows the verb in Irish'
Example #2:

    8)      a)      Is é Seán an platapas
    C agr John the platypus
    "John is the Platypus"
Example #3:

    b)      Is platapas (é) Seán
    C platypus agr John
    "John is a Platypus"
Example #4:

    1)       Leanann an t-ainmní an briathar i nGaeilge
    follow. PRES the subject the verb in Irish
    `The subject follows the verb in Irish'
Example #5:

    5)               Tá       na Clingeánaí ag scaoileadh na féasar
    Be.pres the Klingons prog fire        the phasers-gen
    "The Klingons are firing the phasers"
Example #6:

    6)               *[Ull][don ghasúr] a thug sé
    apple to-the boy wh gave he
    "It was an apple to the boy that he gave"
Example #7:

    10)              Ní raibh mé ach ag déanamh grinn
    Neg be.past I only prog make fun
    "I was only making fun"          (McCloskey 1983a: 20)
Example #8:

    12)     a)       Chonaic Seán agus Máire lena chéile
    Saw     John and Mary with.their other
    "John and Mary saw each other"
Example #9:

    b)       *Chonaic lena chéile Seán agus Máire
    Saw      with their other John and Mary
    "Each other saw John and Mary"
Example #10:

    44)              Chonaic, cinnte, an fear an réaltlong
    Saw, certainly, the man the starship
    "The man certainly saw a starship"
Example #11:

    i) *Chonaic inné na gasraí capall mór bán ansin
    Saw yesterday the boys horse big white there
    "The boys saw a big white horse there yesterday"
Example #12:

    49)     Níor thug, nó is beag má thug, [an pobal aon aird ar an bhean bhocht]
    neg gave, or C small if gave, the people any attention on the woman poor
    "The community paid no attention or almost no attention to the poor woman"
Example #13:

    51)     Duirt mé go gceannódh sí é agus cheannaigh subj object
    said I that would.buy she it and bought .
    I said that she would buy it and she did.
Example #14:

    52)     *Ní chonaic ach [beirt an duine]
    Neg saw but two-people the man
    "only two people saw the man"
Example #15:

    53)     *[Seán teach i nDoire] a cheannaigh
    John house in Derry C bought
    "It was John a house in Derry that bought"
Example #16:

    55)    a)            Leanann      an t-ainmní an briathar i nGaeilge
    follow. PRES the subject the verb       in Irish
    `The subject follows the verb in Irish' (Modern Irish)
Example #17:

    60)              Ceapaim        [ go bhfaca       sé      an madra ]
    think.PRES.1s [ that see.PST . DEP he. NOM the dog                    ]
    `I think that he saw the dog.'
Example #18:

    67) *Ni bhfuair siad amach ariamh an bhliain sin cé a bhí ag goid a gcuid móna
    Neg found they out ever that year             who C° was prog steal their turf
    "They never found out who was stealing their turf that year"
Example #19:

    69)     a)       Cé riamh a chuala í
    who ever C heard her
    "Who ever heard her"
Example #20:

    70)             Braon eilei ní   bhfaighir ti
    drop other neg+C get-2
    "Another drop you will not get!"
Example #21:

    71)    Tá sé ráite [ariamh] [má chaineann tú sagart ] maithiúnasi nach bhfaighidh tú ti
    is it said ever       if criticize you priest forgiveness negC get.fut you
    (or It is always said that if you criticize a priest you will not be forgiven)
Example #22:

    72)    [Pingin rua] char caith mé ar an bhád
    Penny red negC spend I on the boat
    (lit "Red Cent, did I not spend on the boat.")
Example #23:

    74)               Ní            beir                  in fer                      in claideb
    Neg.C°carries-3s-conjthe man        the sword
    `The man does not carry the sword.'
Example #24:

    6)       a) Níor shaothraigh Eoghan ariamh pingin
    neg earned      Owen ever penny
    "Eogan never earned a penny"
Example #25:

    7)      Ba mhaith liom          [ an teach      a thógáil ]
    C good        with.1s the house.ACC TRANS build
    `I would like to build the house.'
Example #26:

    8)      a) i nDoire                b) an bhean        c) bean mhór
    in Derry                   the woman          woman big
    "in Derry"                 "the woman" "the big woman"
Example #27:

    d) Ceapaim [go bhfuil sé ansin]
    Think.1.s that be.pres he there
    "I think that he is there"
Example #28:

    9)      Ba mhaith liom Seán an teach a           thógáil le casúr
    C good with.1.s John the house Tran      build with hammer
    "I want Sean to build the house with a   hammer"
Example #29:

    10)    a) Tá mé ag scríobh an abairt anois                    (colloquial)
    Be.pres I prog write the sentence.acc now
    "I am writing the sentence now"
Example #30:

    b) Tá mé ag scríobh na habairte anois        (formal)
    Be.pres I prog write the sentence.gen now
    "I am writing the sentence now"
Example #31:

    12) * Ba mhaith liom [CP Seán           na habairte         scríobh ]
    C good with.1.S       John.ACC the sentence.GEN TRAN write
    `I want John to write the sentence'
Example #32:

    14)a) Ba mhaith liom [CP Seán         an abairt
    C good with.1.S       John.ACC the sentence.ACC TRAN write
    `I want John to write the sentence'
Example #33:

    b) Ba mhaith liom [CP Seán       fanacht]                                           SV (north)
    C good with.1.S      John.ACC wait
    `I want John to wait
Example #34:

    15)      a) Ní thaithneann leati [ PROi dul]
    Neg please with.2 [       go]
    "You are not pleased to go"                                                   PR
Example #35:

    b) Ní thaithneann liom [ mé an abairt aL scríobh]
    Neg please      with.2 me the sentence tran write
    "you are not pleased (for) me to write the sentence"                          EC
Example #36:

    16)     Ba mhaith liomi [CP PROi               fanacht]                                 PRO V (south)
    C good with.1.S                       wait
    `I want to wait
Example #37:

    6)        a) Níor shaothraigh Eoghan ariamh pingin
    neg earned      Owen ever penny
    "Eogan never earned a penny"
Example #38:

    40)      a) Níor shaothraigh Eoghan ariamh pingin
    neg earned      Owen ever penny
    "Eogan never earned a penny"
Example #39:

    44)     a)      Ba mhaith liom na buachaillí a bhualadh
    C good with.me the boys trans.3.sng strike
    I would like to strike the boys
Example #40:

    46)      Leanann an t-ainmní an briathar i nGaeilge
    follow. PRES the subject the verb in Irish
    `The subject follows the verb in Irish'
Example #41:

    47)       Níor shaothraigh Eoghan ariamh pingin
    neg earned      Owen ever penny
    "Eogan never earned a penny"
Example #42:

    49)    Beidh an trachtas críochnaithe agam amárach.
    be.fut the thesis finished at.me tomorrow
    (lit The thesis will be finished by me tomorrow)
Example #43:

    52)     Thosaigh idir na fir
    rose between the men
    "The men quarreled"
Example #44:

    55)     Bhí na sealgairí tamall fada ag amharc orthu
    Was the hunters time long prog look on.them
    "The hunters were watching them for a long time." (McCloskey forthcoming)
Example #45:

    63)                Tá mé ag scuabadh an bád    / an bháid
    Be I prog sweep the boat-acc/the boat-gen
    "I am sweeping the boat"
Example #46:

    1) a) Tá      Jean Luc Picard mór                                        Tá
    be.Pres                  big
    "Jean Luc Picard is big"
Example #47:

    b) Is Clingeán (é) an dalta                                        Is (predicative)
    C    Klingon (agr) the ensign
    "The ensign is a Klingon"
Example #48:

    c) Is é Jean Luc Picard an captaen                                 Is (equative)
    C agr                           the captain
    "Jean Luc Picard is the captain"
Example #49:

    4)         Níor      thóg Seán an teach
    Neg.past build J      the house
    "John did not build the house"
Example #50:

    [Níor        rith]      sé
    neg.past run       he
    "he did not run"
Example #51:

    [Níor      dochtúir]     é
    Neg.past doctor    him
    "He was not a doctor"
Example #52:

    7)                     *Ní is amadán é
    Neg.pres C fool him
    "He is not a fool"
Example #53:

    8)                Ní            amadán é
    C.neg.pres fool    him
    "He is not a fool"
Example #54:

    12)     a)      Is dochtúir é
    Cdoctor him
    "He is a doctor"
Example #55:

    b)      dochtúir é
    doctor him
    "He is a doctor"
Example #56:

    c)      Tá sé mór
    be he big
    "He is big"
Example #57:

    d) *    sé mór
    he big
    "he is big"
Example #58:

    13)             Is é Seán an dochtúir           /is e: .../
    C agr John the doctor
    "John is the doctor"
Example #59:

    14)             An bhfuil tú tinn?  Tá.
    Q be.pres you sick. Am (yes)
    "Are you sick? Yes"
Example #60:

    15)     a)       An dochtúir tú? Is ea/ *Is
    Q doctor you C ø/*C
    "Are you a doctor" "yes"
Example #61:

    b.       An leatsa         an Chevy? Ní        liomsa/*Ní
    Q with.2.s.emp the Chevy? C.neg with.1.s.emp
    "Is that your Chevy?"         "No"
Example #62:

    16)              Bhí, cinnte, Seán tinn
    was certainly, J sick
    "Certainly, John was sick"
Example #63:

    17)              *Bhí, cinnte,    sé tinn
    Was, certainly, he sick
    "Certainly, he was sick"
Example #64:

    18).             *Is, cinnte,    dochtúir é
    C certainly, doctor him
    "Certainly, he is a doctor.
Example #65:

    21)      a.       Tá       sé mór                     (adjectives)
    Be.pres he big
    "he is big"
Example #66:

    b.        Tá      Seán go maith              (adverbs)
    be.pres John adv well
    "John is well"
Example #67:

    c.       Tá Seán i mBaile Átha Cliath (PP)
    be.pres J     in Dublin
    "John is in Dublin"
Example #68:

    d.       Tá       Seán ag rith               (verb- with progressive)
    be.pres J prog run.
    "John is running"
Example #69:

    e.       Bhí      an obair déanta             (verb-with passive/perfective)
    be.past the work done
    "The work was done"
Example #70:

    f.       *Tá      sé dochtúir                (*NP)
    be.pres he doctor
    "He is a doctor"
Example #71:

    22)               Is dochtúir mé                      (NPs --- Productive)
    C doctor me
    I am a doctor
Example #72:

    23)               *Is cliste iad             (*adj)
    C clever them
    "they are clever"
Example #73:

    24)               *Is i nDaoire Seán                  (*PP)
    C     in Derry John
    "*John is in Derry"
Example #74:

    25)               *Is ag rith é                       (*Verb)
    C prog run him
    "he is running"
Example #75:

    27)               Más ceart mo chuimhne (from Doherty 1992)
    if+C right my memory
    "If my memory is right" (Más = Má + Is)
Example #76:

    29)      a.       Is de bhunadh Phrotastúnach í
    C of stock      Prostestant her
    "She is of Protestant stock" (from Doherty 1992)
Example #77:

    b.       Is as      Inis Eoghain é
    C out-of Inish Owen him
    "He is from Inish Owen"   (from Doherty 1992)
Example #78:

    c.       Is ó     Bhaile Átha Cliath iad
    C from Dublin              them
    "They are from Dublin"        (from Doherty 1992)
Example #79:

    d.       Is liomsa an t-Alfa Romeo sin
    C with.me the Alfa Romeo that
    "I own that Alfa Romeo"       (from Doherty 1992)
Example #80:

    33)              Ba dhochtúir é
    C.past doctor him
    "he was a doctor"
Example #81:

    36)      a)       Bhí     sé cliste
    be.past he clever
    "He was clever"
Example #82:

    b)       Bíonn      madraí ag amhastrach
    be.habitual dogs prog bark
    "Dogs bark"
Example #83:

    37)               *Ba      chliste é
    C.past clever him
    "He was clever (before he died)"
Example #84:

    41)              Agus [é i gCalafóirnia]...
    And him in California
    "And he is/was in California"
Example #85:

    42)              *agus [é dlíodóir]
    and him lawyer
    "and he is/was a lawyer"
Example #86:

    43)    a)       Is dochtúir Cathal
    C doctor Cathal
    "Cathal is a doctor" (individual level)
Example #87:

    b)       Tá Cathal ina shuí
    Be Cathal in.his sitting
    "Cathal is sitting" (stage)
Example #88:

    c)       Tá Cathal {cliste, mór, ard}
    Be Cathal clever,big, tall
    "Cathal is {clever/big/tall}" (all individual level)
Example #89:

    1) a) Is dochtúir (í) Beverly Crusher
    C doctor (her)
    'Beverly Crusher is a doctor'
Example #90:

    b) Is é Jean Luc Picard an captaen
    C him                       the captain
    'Jean Luc Picard is the captain'
Example #91:

    c) Is    é an dochtúir é
    Cop him the doctor him
    'he is the doctor'
Example #92:

    d) Is Clingeán é
    C Klingon him
    "He is a Klingon"
Example #93:

    Is Clingeán {é /an dalta/Worf }
    C Klingon him/the ensign/Worf
    '{He/The ensign/Worf }is a Klingon'
Example #94:

    Is é {Worf /an dalta} an Clingeán
    C agr Worf/the ensign the Klingon
    'Worf/the ensign is the Klingon'
Example #95:

    12)     Rith+eann Cathal
    run+3s     Charles
    "Charles runs"
Example #96:

    Is é Seán an platapas
    C agr John the platypus
    "John is the platypus"
Example #97:

    15)     Is é an platapas Seán
    C agr the platypus John
    "The platypus is John.
Example #98:

    Is platapas é Seán
    C platypus agr John
    "John is a platypus"
Example #99:

    17)      *Is Seán é platapas
    C John agr platypus
    "*A platypus is John"
Example #100:

    19)             Is dochtúir é          (cf. *Is dochtúir sé (nom))
    C doctor him.acc
    He is a doctor.
Example #101:

    21)      Chuir Luacsana Troí agus é isean an ríomhaire sa réaltlong
    Put.past             and him.emph the computer in.the starship
    'He and Lwaxana Troi put the computer in the starship'
Example #102:

    22)      Chuir sé an ríomhaire sa réaltlong
    Put.past he the computer in.the starship
    He put the computer in the startship
Example #103:

    23)      a) Fuair, cinnte, Taisia Eár bás
    Got, certainly, Tasha Yar death
    "Tasha Yar, certianly, died"
Example #104:

    b) *Fuair, cinnte, sí bás
    Got, certainly, she death
    "*She, certainly, died"
Example #105:

    b)       Is é Ceannasaí Radhcár an t-amadán
    C agr Commander Riker the fool
    'Commander Riker is the fool'
Example #106:

    27)      a)       Is ríomhaire é leifteanantcheannasaí Data
    C computer agr Lieutenant-Commander Data
    'Lieutenant Commander Data is a computer'14
Example #107:

    b)       Is ríomhaire leifteanantcheannasaí Data
    C computer Lieutenant-Commander Data
    'Lieutenant Commander Data is a computer'
Example #108:

    32)a) Is     í       an leabharlann an teach         mór
    C agr.fem the library.fem the house.masc big
    The library is the big house
Example #109:

    35)               *Is dochtúir é é
    C doctor agr he.
    "He is a doctor"
Example #110:

    37)      a)       dá mba mise túsa
    if C.irrl I.emph you.eph
    "If I were you"
Example #111:

    b)       An seanbhuachaill ab
    the old-boy       C.rel agr he
    "he was the old boy" (from Ó Siadhail 1989) Irish
Example #112:

    39)     Is    é an dochtúir é
    C agr the doctor him
    'he is the doctor'
Example #113:

    40)a) Scaoil an Captaen na féasair ar na Clingeánaí
    Fired the Captain the phasers on the Klingons
    'The Captain fired the phasers at the Klingons'
Example #114:

    b)??Scaoil an Captaen iad ar na Clingeánaí
    Fired the Captain them on the Klingons
    'The Captain fired them at the Klingons'
Example #115:

    c) Scaoil an Captaen ar na Clingeánaí iad
    Fired the Captain on the Klingons them
    'The Captain fired them at the Klingons
Example #116:

    b)          Is cosúil lena chéile iad
    C like with-3-pl-poss each-other them
    "They are like one another" (From Doherty 1992)
Example #117:

    b)    an fear a bhí __ breoite
    the man who was __ ill
    "The man that was ill"
Example #118:

    50)        a)    an fear ar dochtúir é
    the man C.rel doctor he
    "The man who he is a doctor"
Example #119:

    b)    an fear arbh é an dochtúir é
    the man C.rel agr the doctor he
    "The man who he was the doctor"              (Doherty 1992)
Example #120:

    55)       *na daoine a rabhadar breoite
    the people who were-3pl ill
    "The people who they were ill"           (McCloskey 1990:214)
Example #121:

    1) a) Is   dochtúir capall                   é
    C doctor       horses.gen              him
    "He is a doctor of horses"
Example #122:

    i) Is amhrán é "yellow submarine" aL bhuailfidh an píobaire
    C song agr               wh play.fut the bagpiper
    "Yellow submarine" is a song which the bagpiper will play"
Example #123:

    13)      [Chonaic sé ] an platapas le ghloiní
    Saw     he the platypus with binoculars
    "He saw the platypus with binoculars"
Example #124:

    15) a) Bíonn fios agat i gconaí [CP caidéi aL bhuailfidh an píobaire ti]
    be.hab know at.2.s always whati COMP play.fut the piper ti
    "You always know what the bagpiper will play"
Example #125:

    b) Cén Píobairej [CPaN mbíonn fios agat i gconaí [CPcaidéi aL bhuailfidh séj ti]]
    Which piper COMP be.hab know at.2.s always            whati COMP play.fut. he
    "Which bagpiper do you always know what he will play"
Example #126:

    19)      *Bhuail Cathal cad?
    Hit.past Charles what
    "Charles hit what?"
Example #127:

    20) a) Cén sort dochtúra (é) McCoy
    What kind doctor. gen agr McCoy
    "McCoy is what kind of Doctor?"
Example #128:

    b) *Cad arb a dhochtúir (é) McCoy
    What rel his doctor agr McCoy
    "*What would McCoy be a doctor of?"
Example #129:

    c) *Cén sort dochtúra ab (é) McCoy
    What kind doctor.gen C.rel agr McCoy
    "*What kind of doctor is McCoy
Example #130:

    26) Q:      An é           Ceannasaí an Enterprise William Riker?            Is é
    Q COP+T+Agr Commander the                                        CT
    "Is William Riker the Commander of the Enterprise?"
Example #131:

    28)a) I lár an gheimhridh, an bhfaca tú do chara,
    in middle the winter, Q see you your friend
    In the middle of winter, did you see your friend
Example #132:

    30)      Is teangeolaí ar phóg Seán      (é) Peadar
    C linguist C.rel kiss Shawn agr Peter
    "Peter is a linguist who Shawn kissed"
Example #133:

    32)      *Is teangeolaí ar phóg (é) Peadar Seán
    C linguist C.rel kiss agr Peter Shawn
    "*Peter is a linguist who Shawn kissed"
Example #134:

    35)      Is fear mór Seán
    C man big John
    "John is a big man"
Example #135:

    42)    Is Platapas (é) Tóm
    C Platypus (agr) Tom
    "Tom is a platypus"
Example #136:

    43)    Is maith an lá é
    C good the day he
    "It is a NICE day" (Gloss after Ó Siadhail 1989)
Example #137:

    44)     fear bocht
    man poor
    "poor man"
Example #138:

    45)     Is lá maith é
    C day good it
    "it is a good day"
Example #139:

    1) a) Is dochtúir (í) Beverly Crusher
    C doctor (her)
    'Beverly Crusher is a doctor'
Example #140:

    b) Is é Jean Luc Picard an captaen
    C him                       the captain
    'Jean Luc Picard is the captain'
Example #141:

    14)    a)      Is é Seán an Clingeán
    C agr John the Klingon
    "John is the Klingon"
Example #142:

    b)      Is é an Clingeán Seán
    C agr the Klingon John
    "The Klingon is John"
Example #143:

    19)    agus é i gCeannada
    and him in Canada
    "and him in Canada"
Example #144:

    b)      Is ríomhaire é leifteanantcheannasaí Data
    C computer agr Lieutenant-Commander Data
    'Lieutenant Commander Data is a computer'
Example #145:

    b)      Is é Ceannasaí Radhcár an t-amadán
    C agr Commander Riker the fool
    'Commander Riker is the fool'
Example #146:

    24) Cén Píobaire j [CPaN mbíonn fios agat i gconaí [CPcaidéi aL bhuailfidh séj ti]]
    Which piper COMP be.hab know at.2.s always         whati COMP play.fut. he
    "Which piper do you always know what he will play"
Example #147:

    25)    a)       Is captaen (é) Séamus                  predicative
    C captain agr James
    "James is a captain
Example #148:

    b)       *Is Séamus (é) captaen
    C James agr captain
    "*A captain is James"
Example #149:

    26)    a)       Is é Séamus an captaen                 equative
    C agr James the captain
    "James is the captain"
Example #150:

    7)     Is é Proinseas an Platapas
    C agr Francis the Platypus
    "Francis is the Platypus"
Example #151:

    9)       *Is Proinseas é an Platapas
    C Francis agr the Platypus
    "Francis is the Platypus"
Example #152:

    12)      Is é Seán an dochtúir
    C agr Subject Predicate
    "John is the doctor"
Example #153:

    13)      Is platapas é Seán
    C platypus agr John
    "John is a platypus"